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Published in 1968, Federalism and the French Canadians is anideological anthology featuring a series of essays written by PierreElliot Trudeau during his time spent with the Federal Liberal party ofCanada. The emphasis of the book deals with the problems and conflictsfacing the country during the Duplessis regime in Quebec. While Trudeau stresses his adamant convictions on Anglophone/Francophonerelations and struggles for equality in a confederated land, he alsoelaborates on his own ideological views pertaining to Federalism andNationalism. The reader is introduced to several essays that discussProvincial legislature and conflict (Quebec and the ConstitutionalProblem, A Constitutional Declaration of Rights) while othercompositions deal with impending and contemporary Federal predicaments(Federal Grants to Universities, The Practice and Theory ofFederalism, Separatist Counter-Revolutionaries). Throughout all thesedocumented personal accounts and critiques, the reader learns that Trudeau is a sharp critic of contemporary Quebec nationalism and thathis prime political conviction (or thesis) is sporadically reflectedin each essay: Federalism is the only possible system of governmentthat breeds and sustains equality in a multicultural country such asCanada.Trudeau is fervent and stalwart in his opinions towardsFederalism and its ramifications on Canadian citizenry. Born andraised in Quebec, he attended several prestigious institutions thateducated him about the political spectrum of the country. After histime spent at the London School of Economics, Trudeau returned toQuebec at a time when the province was experiencing vast differenceswith its Federal overseer. The Union Nationale, a religiousnationalist movement rooted deep in the heart of Quebec culture, hadforced the Federal government to reconcile and mediate with them inorder to avoid civil disorder or unrest. The Premier of Quebec at thetime, Maurice Duplessis, found it almost impossible to appease theneeds of each diverse interest group and faction rising within theprovince and ultimately buckled underneath the increasing pressure.Many Francophones believed that they were being discriminated andtreated unfairly due to the British North American Act which failed torecognize the unique nature of the province in its list of provisions.Trudeau, with the aid of several colleagues, fought the imminent waveof social chaos in Quebec with anti-clerical and communist visions heobtained while in his adolescent years. However, as the nationalistmovement gained momentum against the Provincial government, Trudeaucame to the startling realization that Provincial autonomy would notsolidify Quebec's future in the country (he believed that separatismwould soon follow) and unless Duplessis could successfully negotiate(on the issue of a constitution) with the rest of Canada, the prospectof self-sovereignty for Quebec would transpire. His first essay (Quebec and the Constitutional Problem) exploresthe trials and tribulations which occurred between the Provincial andFederal governments during the ensuing constitutional problems inCanada. Trudeau candidly lambastes and ridicules the FederalGovernment's inability to recognize the economic and linguisticdifferences in Quebec. He defends the province by stating that"The language provisions of the British North American Act are verylimited" and therefore believes that they continue to divide thecountry and aid the nationalist movement in Quebec. Using an informal,first person writing approach, Trudeau makes it clear that his wordsare for reactionaries, not revolutionaries who are looking to destroythe political fabric of the country. However, Trudeau considerspossible alternatives and implications in the second essay (AConstitutional Declaration of Rights) and offers possible resolutionsto the everlasting cultural dilemma plaguing both parties involved.One of his arguments is that the Federal government must take theinitiative and begin the constitutional sequence to modify and adaptto the growing needs of all the provinces, not only Quebec. "One tendsto forget that constitutions must also be made by men and not by forceof brutal circumstance or blind disorder", was his response to theperpetual ignorance of the Federalist leaders who stalled and dodgedon the issue of equality and compromise throughout the country. Atthis point in the essay, Trudeau relied on his central thesis for thebook and used it to prove his application of constitutional reformusing the Federal government as the catalyst. Trudeau had alreadyformulated his visions of the perfect constitution and how it wouldinclude "A Bill of Rights that would guarantee the fundamentalfreedoms of the citizen from intolerance, whether federal orprovincial". Each and every one of his proposals demonstratedinnovative thought and pragmatic resolve for a striving politician whobelieved in Democracy before Ideology. The emphasis he places onequality and individualism is a testimonial to his character andintegrity as a politician. The next essay (The Practice and Theory ofFederalism) is the opening composition for Trudeau's firm stance onFederalism and how it can be applied to the current Executive systemof administration already in turmoil with its dominion. "Federalism isby its very essence a compromise and a pact" is his comment on why theFederal government of Canada has a responsibility to seek out thegeneral consensus of the people when dealing with constitutionalreform. This reinforces his central thesis for the book which ismentioned in the opening paragraph of this critique ;however, their isa partial, obstructed observation made on Trudeau's part when hedeclines to mention the efforts of the contemporary Federal bureauwhich had made attempts to negotiate with Quebec (although in vain). Finally, the last essay (Federalism, Nationalism and Reason) is acreative
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"Trudeaumania" swept Canada and Pierre Trudeau became a big star in 1968. Kennedy was to United States, Pierre Elliott Trudeau was to Canada. It is quoted that "Pierre Trudeau was the greatest pop star this country has ever producedaE (O"Malley par12). In 1972, Pierre Trudeau appointed Muriel McQueen Fergusson as the first female Speaker of the Senate. Pierre Trudeau felt that he was able to place key beliefs of a shared connection between the East and the West.2. Pierre Elliot Trudeau
Pierre Elliot TrudeauPierre Elliot Trudeau was a politician, a lawyer, a writer and one of Canada"s greatest prime ministers whom had the idea of Canada"s independence and acted on it. Pierre Trudeau had gone through many years of schooling and adventures to achieve what he has. These steps in his life paved the way for Trudeau"s rise in government because finally, on April 20th 1968 at he age of 48 Pierre Trudeau became Canada"s 15th Prime Minister. Pierre Elliot Trudeau had created many great Acts and had accomplished outstanding goals for Canada. Pierre Trudeau offered a you.3. Pierre Elliot Trudeau
Pierre Elliot Trudeau was the fifteenth Prime Minister of Canada. This essay will prove that Pierre Elliot Trudeau made Canada a better nation with his contributions, with the examples of the Official Language Act in 1969, the signing of the Constitution Act in 1982 and the Multicultural Act in 1971. Pierre Elliot Trudeau proclaimed the Multiculturalism Act in 1971. Therefore, the topic has proven that with multiculturalism, Canada had become very multicultural, thanks to the one and only, Pierre Elliot Trudeau. In conclusion, this essay has proven that Pierre Elliot Trudeau made C.4. Pierre Trudeau
Pierre Trudeau Canadian statesman and Prime Minister. Born Joseph Philippe Pierre Ives Elliott Trudeau, on October 18, 1919, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Members of an extreme separatist group, the Front de Liberation de Quebec, kidnapped James Cross, a British diplomat, and Pierre Laporte, Quebec"s labor minister, demanding the release of several of the organization"s members who had been imprisoned for various crimes. In February 1984, Trudeau announced his intention to resign. Trudeau later had a daughter, Sarah, with Deborah Coyne, an attorney.5. Trudeau
Pierre Elliot Trudeau was the 15th prime minister of Canada. Trudeaumania's popularity was the result of Pierre Trudeau being a charismatic leader; the people's enthusiasm for political change; and his contributions to a strong sense of Canadian independence. After Trudeau's years in term, they found that Trudeau adjusted Canada so that it became a better nation as a whole. Trudeau brought independence in Canada just like he promised. Trudeau brought many of Canada's dreams to actuality.6. Pierre Elliott Trudeay
Pierre Elliott Trudeau, one of the most controversial and longest serving prime ministers in Canadian history was born in Montreal, Quebec on October 18,1919. The Trudeau family frequently toured Canada and Europe something Pierre would continue to do throughout his lifetime. Young Pierre was always restless and had a knack for getting himself into trouble. Margaret and Pierre would divorce soon thereafter. After his retirement, Pierre will father his only daughter, Sarah Coyne.7. Pierre Trudeau vs. Jean Chretien
Pierre Trudeau dreamed of a society that afforded all of its citizens an equal opportunity to succeed in life; whatever their background or beliefs, whether rich or poor. An excerpt from Prime Minister Jean Chretien"s tribute speech at the late Pierre Trudeau"s State Funeral on October 3, 2000. (Internet 12)Pierre Trudeau, the twentieth Prime Minister in Canadian history, has had a significant impact on the recently retired Prime Minister, Jean Chretien. Although Chretien and Trudeau have both impacted the lives of Canadians in ways unimagined for the past four decades, Trudeau"s.8. Pierre Trudeauâs significance to Canadian Law
Pierre Trudeau was one of the greatest and most admired leaders of Canada. From the beginning of the time as prime minister, Trudeau was determined to establish bilingualism in Canada. Life, liberty, and security were the goals of Trudeau"s idea of a just society and of this charter. This was all thanks to Pierre Trudeau. Pierre Trudeau worked determinedly to achieve these tasks.9. Pierre Elliot Trudeau
Pierre Elliott Trudeau was born on October 18, 1919 to an upper class Quebecois family. Of the three, Trudeau was the least known. This act was used as an emergency legislation in the light of the kidnapping of British diplomat James Cross and a Quebec Cabinet minister Pierre Laporte by the Front de Liberation du Quebec (FLQ). Pierre Laporte was murdered by his captors and controversy continued about the implementation of the act with respect of the liberal democratic ways of Quebec and Canada as a whole. Trudeau then suffered two more life setbacks.10. Pierre Trudeau's Domestic Influence in Canada
Pierre Trudeau was born on October 18th, 1919 in the wealthy suburb of Outremont in Montreal. Trudeau was born into a wealthy family, so money was never a problem when it came to putting Pierre through school. Although Pierre Trudeau performed extremely well while in a stressful situation the "October Crisis" came to a grizzly end. Another defining moment for Pierre Trudeau was his handling of the attempted referendum of Quebec in 1980. The PQ (Parti Quebecois) had only one main obstacle, one man in their way, and that man was Pierre Trudeau.11. treudea
Pierre Elliot Trudeau (also known as P.E.T), played a big role in the development and modernization of Canada. Pierre vowed to try and reach an agreement. Eight out of the ten (called "The Gang of Eight"), refused Trudeau's constitution. Only Ontario and New Brunswick were with Trudeau at that point. Deciding not to break, Trudeau continued without the other provinces support.12. What Should Pierre Trudeau be Remembered For?
Pierre Elliot Trudeau was a very controversial character in Canadian history. Despite his alienation of the western provinces, Pierre Elliot Trudeau should be remembered for his strong stand against Quebec separation to keep Canada united in the midst of political controversy and upheaval caused by Quebec separatists.Pierre Elliott Trudeau was born in 1919 in Montreal to a wealthyfamily, the son of a French Canadian businessman and a mother of Scottish ancestry.aE(Whittaker) This background would give Trudeau a good grounding on both English and French culture and it put him in a.13. Canadian
But there in one exception: in 1968 Pierre Elliot Trudeau became the first Canadian leader to bring the gunslinger-Lone Ranger ethos to Canadian politics. LIFE Joseph Philippe Pierre Elliote Trudeau to say his names in order was born an October 18, 1919. Charles- Emily Pierre's father taught him sports as Pierre was very good at them. In 1924 or 1925 Charles- Emily, Pierre father died, and Pierre was only fourteen years old at the time. Pierre didn't always get into trouble actually as he was a very smart kid and one of his teachers commented that Pierre was a pupil w.14. Trudeau
Pierre Trudeau, Canada"s 15th Prime Minister, is one of the most influential Canadians of the twentieth century. Monsieur Trudeau defends our culture and advances our nation like no other. Through his leadership and dedication to the Canadian federal system, Pierre Trudeau works towards a more united and independent Canada, while promoting multiculturalism, bilingualism, and liberalism.Initially attracting wide praise for his outspoken manner and youthful lifestyle, Pierre Trudeau quickly captures the hearts of every Canadian. What Trudeau was in for, he never knew aE" it was the great.15. One Of Canada's Great Leaders
Pierre Trudeau Pierre Trudeau, former Prime Minister of Canada, was oncedescribed as "A French Canadian proud of his identity andculture, yet a biting critic of French-Canadian society,determined to destroy its mythology and illusions". Born in 1921, Trudeau entered the world in abilingual/bicultural home located in the heart of Montreal,Quebec. Trudeau himself had decided to join the nationalistuprising with his advocation of provincial autonomy. It was not until 1965that a man named Pierre Trudeau entered politics. Trudeau's book covers an immense amount of histo.16. Canadian Constitution Act
In 1981, Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau decided it was time to act upon the ideas of the Canadian people. Trudeau and the premiers of the 10 provinces of Canada met in 1980 to resolve the issue of an acceptable amendment formula. Prime Minister Trudeau wanted to reach an agreement that was reasonable fro all provinces. The Federal Minister of Justice, with the help of Trudeau introduced a solution. After this point Trudeau tried to gain the consent of the provinces before moving forward.17. Canada
Canada has had many notable Prime Ministers over the course of her lifetime. Pierre Elliot Trudeau brought the constitution home to Canada. Lester B. Pearson won the Nobel Peace prize. William Lyon MacKenzie King was the longest serving Prime Minister in Canadian history and our leader through t.18. Third World Countries
Starting back in the early to mid 60's,Prime Minister of Canada, Pierre Trudeau decided to use Canadian revenue asforeign aid. As Canada entered it second century, Prime Minister Trudeau called fora complete review of Canada's foreign policy. Starting in 1968 interestedCanadians including politicians, journalists, professors, business leaders,financial experts, as well as church and labour leaders were invited tooffer opinions and advice in what was called the Trudeau Review. Trudeau visited Mexico, Cuba and Venezuelain 1976. The Trudeau foreign policy review recommend.19. quebec:quiet revolution
These men were Liberals and their names were Pierre Trudeau, Jean Marchand and Gerard Pelletier. Quebec Labour Minister, Pierre Laporte was also kidnapped which started a Quebec crisis. With a resounding no vote in the makings, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was prepared to bring on the Constitution. Trudeau made a speech on May 14th, which was a sincere commitment to a new Canada.20. Catch 22
In the novel, Catch-22, by Joseph Heller, the main character, John Yossarian, is an example of a person with intelligent ideas, but actions that reflect those of an insane person. This is indeed a case of appearance versus reality; he appears to be insane, but really his ideas are somewhat sober and.21. Quebec
These men wereLiberals and their names were Pierre Trudeau, Jean Marchand and GerardPelletier. Quebec Labour Minister, Pierre Laporte wasalso kidnapped which started a Quebec crisis. With a resounding "no vote" in the makings, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeauwas prepared to bring on the Constitution. Trudeau made a speech on May14th, which was a sincere commitment to a new Canada.22. Canadian Sovereignty
The constitution wasn"t brought to Canada until 1982, when Pierre Trudeau finally "Brought the constitution home.aE This was an enormous step towards Canada"s sovereignty, which took place almost one hundred years after confederation.In 1949, Newfoundland became the last province to join confederation, and was no longer a British colony. This was because many historic events occurred during this year due to Pierre Trudeau, the Prime Minister at the time.
Pierre Elliot Trudeau was the 15th prime minister of Canada. Both women and homosexual men admired Trudeau sincerely due to his distinctive personalities. After Trudeau's years in term, they found that Trudeau adjusted Canada so that it became a better nation as a whole. Trudeau brought independence in Canada just like he promised. Trudeau brought many of Canada's dreams to actuality.2. Pierre Trudeau
Pierre Trudeau Canadian statesman and Prime Minister. Born Joseph Philippe Pierre Ives Elliott Trudeau, on October 18, 1919, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The son of a wealthy French-Canadian businessman Charles-Amile Trudeau, and his wife, Grace, who was of Scottish and French decent, Trudeau spoke mostly French at home, although he learned English at a very young age as well. In February 1984, Trudeau announced his intention to resign. Trudeau later had a daughter, Sarah, with Deborah Coyne, an attorney.3. Pierre trudeau
(Trudeau CWC 79)Trudeau was immensely popular with the Canadian people. Kennedy was to United States, Pierre Elliott Trudeau was to Canada. "Trudeau instantly made dull Canada politics accessible and exciting. Trudeau was coolaE (O"Malley par14). There have been many skeptics about Trudeau"s peace missions.4. Pierre Elliot Trudeau
In November 1998 Trudeau"s life faced a tragedy. Trudeau continued to expand his knowledge by attending Harvard, where Trudeau earned his master"s degree in political economy. Then in 1967 Trudeau was named the Minister of Justice. On October 18, 1999, Trudeau turned 80. Trudeau died from prostate cancer and in his memory the federal government wants to rename Canada"s highest mountain from Mount Logan to Mount Trudeau.5. Pierre Elliot Trudeau
Pierre Elliot Trudeau was the fifteenth Prime Minister of Canada. In 1969, only a year that Trudeau had entered office, he passed the Official Language Act. During the making of the constitution, Trudeau once stated, "I believe a constitution can permit the co-existence of several cultures and ethnic groups with a single state." 5 The quote meant that Trudeau wants the constitution to exist or help people in their everyday lives. To conclude this topic, the evidence has proven Trudeau's ability to strengthen Canada as an independent nation. Pierre Elliot Trudeau proclaimed the Mul.6. Pierre Elliott Trudeay
The Trudeau family frequently toured Canada and Europe something Pierre would continue to do throughout his lifetime. Trudeau matured quickly due in part to the unexpected and tragic loss of his father to pneumonia in 1935. The Trudeaus would be blessed with three sons Justin, Alexandre and Michael. Pearson, seeing the potential in young Trudeau, recruited him to run as a candidate in the 1965 national election. Unwilling to be the leader of the opposition, Trudeau resigned from political life.7. Pierre Trudeau vs. Jean Chretien
An excerpt from Prime Minister Jean Chretien"s tribute speech at the late Pierre Trudeau"s State Funeral on October 3, 2000. Many of what some consider Trudeau"s greatest achievements were aided by Chretien"s tenacity and hard work. Trudeau and his cabinet also entrenched the Charter of Rights and Freedoms into the Constitution Act. Trudeau was determined that this round of talks would succeed, unlike others. Trudeau did not agree with the "notwithstandingaE clause.8. Trudeau
Pierre Trudeau, Canada"s 15th Prime Minister, is one of the most influential Canadians of the twentieth century. Monsieur Trudeau defends our culture and advances our nation like no other. What Trudeau was in for, he never knew aE" it was the greatest fight of his life. Trudeau's status as a political giant in Canadian history is indisputable (CITE). Trudeau defends freedom of thought, speech, and religion.9. Pierre Elliot Trudeau
Within his lifetime, Trudeau had traveled all over the world. Of the three, Trudeau was the least known. Trudeau made himself accessible to the people of Canada. Trudeau was not only in the minority in government. Trudeau then suffered two more life setbacks.10. Canadian
Trudeau, from day one. was always more samurai than shaman. This, Trudeau did joyously. Trudeau was no Diefenbaker; he was neither a populist nor a renegade. The theme of my-way politics sheds much light on the vrai Trudeau, the Trudeau that is, rather than the Trudeau people think there is. Cite libre was a radical editorial collective run completely by Trudeau.11. My Inner Shrimp Essay Anaylsis
The essay, "My Inner Shrimp,aE by Garry Trudeau, uses a high style of writing and a multitude of tropes. In addition to high word style, Trudeau uses tropes. Trudeau exemplifies use of metaphors when he states, ". I have the soul of an inner shrimpaE (Trudeau 507). Trudeau described himself as the third-smallest in his class. "Which is to say that thereafter, all of life"s disappointments, reversals, and calamities still arrived on schedule aE" but blissfully free of subtext,aE (Trudeau 509), is one of Trudeau"s examples of periphrasis.12. Trudeau
Trudeau ushered an era into Canadian politics that the country was in dire need of. Kennedy in the US, Trudeau brought about a mystique to serving one's country in public office. Unlike JFK, Trudeau proved charisma cannot win you the public's support all the time, hence his famous quote "Reason Before Passion." Perhaps Trudeau's greatest accomplishment as prime minister, was that he was able to balance his popularity with his ability to govern this country, which allowed him to go down in history as one of this country's greatest leaders. When Nixon told Trudeau there w.13. treudea
Pierre Elliot Trudeau (also known as P.E.T), played a big role in the development and modernization of Canada. Eight out of the ten (called "The Gang of Eight"), refused Trudeau's constitution. Only Ontario and New Brunswick were with Trudeau at that point. Deciding not to break, Trudeau continued without the other provinces support. On October 24, 1980 Trudeau ended the ongoing debate on the New Constitution in the House of Commons.14. Pierre Trudeauâs significance to Canadian Law
Pierre Trudeau was one of the greatest and most admired leaders of Canada. From the beginning of the time as prime minister, Trudeau was determined to establish bilingualism in Canada. Life, liberty, and security were the goals of Trudeau"s idea of a just society and of this charter. This was all thanks to Pierre Trudeau. Pierre Trudeau worked determinedly to achieve these tasks.15. What Should Pierre Trudeau be Remembered For?
Pierre Elliot Trudeau was a very controversial character in Canadian history. The majority of Canadians lived in Ontario and Quebec, the places where Trudeau spent most of his efforts. To avoid these price hikes, Trudeau froze the prices on Alberta oil and imposed an exporting tax on oil sent to the US. One western Canadian simply put it quite bluntly, "Trudeau wants to ram the French down our throats,aE (Vastel, p. 141)Despite Trudeau"s alienation of the western provinces he should not be remembered for this his push towards bilingualism proved to be beneficial in the futu.16. Pierre Trudeau's Domestic Influence in Canada
So Trudeau decided to start a campaign. Trudeau's first big test came in October of 1970. This lead to many Quebecois disliking, or even hating Trudeau. Trudeau: Well, just watch me. Trudeau had very strong views opposing the separation of Quebec, and as the campaign gained steam Trudeau got more and more involved.17. One Of Canada's Great Leaders
Pierre Trudeau Pierre Trudeau, former Prime Minister of Canada, was oncedescribed as "A French Canadian proud of his identity andculture, yet a biting critic of French-Canadian society,determined to destroy its mythology and illusions". Born in 1921, Trudeau entered the world in abilingual/bicultural home located in the heart of Montreal,Quebec. Trudeau himself had decided to join the nationalistuprising with his advocation of provincial autonomy. It was not until 1965that a man named Pierre Trudeau entered politics. Trudeau's book covers an immense amount of histo.18. Canadian Constitution Act
In 1981, Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau decided it was time to act upon the ideas of the Canadian people. Trudeau and the premiers of the 10 provinces of Canada met in 1980 to resolve the issue of an acceptable amendment formula. Prime Minister Trudeau wanted to reach an agreement that was reasonable fro all provinces. The Federal Minister of Justice, with the help of Trudeau introduced a solution. After this point Trudeau tried to gain the consent of the provinces before moving forward.19. Budget
The surplus budget has initiated tons of government spending. This is the largest spending spree since the Trudeau era and the second largest in the last four decades. Although there are critics as to where the money is being spent, we think that the new spending plan will surely stimulate our eco.20. Third World Countries
Starting back in the early to mid 60's,Prime Minister of Canada, Pierre Trudeau decided to use Canadian revenue asforeign aid. As Canada entered it second century, Prime Minister Trudeau called fora complete review of Canada's foreign policy. Starting in 1968 interestedCanadians including politicians, journalists, professors, business leaders,financial experts, as well as church and labour leaders were invited tooffer opinions and advice in what was called the Trudeau Review. Trudeau visited Mexico, Cuba and Venezuelain 1976. The Trudeau foreign policy review recommend.21. Canada
Canada has had many notable Prime Ministers over the course of her lifetime. Pierre Elliot Trudeau brought the constitution home to Canada. Lester B. Pearson won the Nobel Peace prize. William Lyon MacKenzie King was the longest serving Prime Minister in Canadian history and our leader through t.22. Catch 22
In the novel, Catch-22, by Joseph Heller, the main character, John Yossarian, is an example of a person with intelligent ideas, but actions that reflect those of an insane person. This is indeed a case of appearance versus reality; he appears to be insane, but really his ideas are somewhat sober and.23. Powers of The Prime Minister
If a Prime Minister waits too long may not get back in power as Trudeau did five years after his 1974 majority victory. Trudeau"s advisors advised him to call an election as they were up in the polls in 1978. But Trudeau waited another year until 1979 when he was forced to call an election even though the liberal support polls were sagging.There is growing concern that the Prime Ministers Power is too great.24. A solider's Story
According to the writer, one of the drama"s strengths is that all the black characters are representative of different modes of dealing with white oppression: "the cautious rationality of davenport, the self-abasement of Wilikie, Memphis, who embodies the black past, and just as surely as Peterson does the future, or at least one possible future: righteous, but also arrogantaE (Trudeau 134). Another strength, is how Fuller portrays the character Waters whose words are an anguished, self-proclaimed epitaph.Two weakness according to Trudeau were how Fuller doesn"t handle the investigation.
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Published: 23, March 2015
It has been 10 years since the death of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. The passing of this anniversary provides an occasion to reflect on his leadership traits and legacy for our country. In 1984, I was nine years old when Trudeau resigned and from my memories, I do recall his strong vision of a united Canada, sharp wit, and flamboyant style. When he passed away in Sept 2000, I was in Ottawa at the time and saw the out pouring of emotion and accolades to his achievements. It was clear from this event, whether you admire Trudeau or not, he was not simply a good prime minister, but a remarkable prime minister who impacted many Canadians in his lifetime.
From this experience, I asked myself what distinguishes a typical leader, from a great leader. In Trudeau's case, his consummate leadership skills were not based solely on intellect or technical skills, rather than, on his enhanced emotional intelligence which include greater self awareness, self regulation, motivation, empathy, and social skills.
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For the analysis of Pierre Trudeau's leadership style, his emotional intelligence will be explored to illustrate his exemplary performance as Prime Minster.Leadership Analysis:
In 1968, Pierre Trudeau was elected as Prime Minister and "symbolized the burgeoning hopes of a nation long relegated to the often smothering shadow cast by its dominant southern neighbour. He was young, intelligent, brilliantly articulate and physically vigorous, and enraptured the youth of the country with all the sex appeal and flamboyance of a rock star, something never before seen in Canadian politics." [i ] (Appendix A)Self Awareness:
One of Trudeau's greatest leadership traits is his self -awareness. Here, he has displayed a high degree of self confidence and a strong understanding of where he headed. One example is his "Just watch me" phrase that was made famous during the October crisis in October 1970 (Appendix B). "Trudeau, who had in previous years been a strong proponent of civil liberties, spoke of the need for drastic action to restore order in Quebec. When questioned by a reporter on how far he would go in the suspension of civil liberties to maintain order, Trudeau replied "Well, just watch me." Three days later he invoked the War Measures Act, which led to police action against many Quebec dissidents and ended the crisis." [ii ]
2.2 Self Regulation: Trudeau had an ability to control his impulses and moods. For example, during his election campaign in 1968, while attending the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day parade in Montreal, Quebec separatists were rioting and throwing rocks and bottles at where Trudeau was seated. Instead of taking cover, he remained in his seat and faced the rioters, showing no feeling of fear. "The image of a politician illustrating such courage impressed the Canadian people, and he handily won the election the next day." [iii ]2.3 Motivation:
Trudeau strived to transform our nation to one that was proud of its bilingual heritage. In his first acceptance speech as Prime Minister, Trudeau, with great feeling, expressed the following ambition for his country: "Canada must be unified; Canada must be one; Canada must be progressive; and Canada must be a just society."2.4 Social Skills:
In the 1968 leadership race for the Liberal Party, a nickname of "Trudeaumania" was coined to describe the excitement that surrounded Pierre Trudeau's candidacy. This nickname persisted throughout the federal election campaign and also, for the duration of Trudeau's early years as Prime Minister. At this time, plenty of young adults were predisposed to the 1970s counterculture and "identified with Trudeau, an energetic nonconformist who was relatively young. They were dazzled by his charm and good looks, and a large fan base was established throughout the country. He would often be stopped in the streets for his autograph or for a quick photograph." [iv ]Empathy Conclusion
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Since the post - Trudeau era, has there been a political personality that has brought our nation together and inspired us tackle the many issues of the 21st century and develop a distinct "Canadian" approach to prevailing over them? From my own experience and observations, there has not been a leader since Trudeau's retirement that has exhibited "bold" leadership style. "Perhaps pollster Michael Adams said it best of Trudeau: He represented the high mark of Canadian idealism, the last real coherent articulator of a Canadian vision of the country. Love him or hate him, we are all Trudeau's children." [v ]Appendices
The following documents have been used in the preparation of this document and are useful references to provide additional information about the comments in the assignment.Appendix A: Profile of Pierre Trudeau
"Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau, (October 18, 1919 - September 28, 2000), usually known as Pierre Trudeau or Pierre Elliott Trudeau, was the 15th Prime Minister of Canada from 20 April 1968 to 4 June 1979, and again from 3 March 1980 to 30 June 1984.
Trudeau began his political career campaigning for socialist ideals, but he eventually joined the Liberal Party when he entered federal politics in the 1960s. He was appointed as Lester Pearson's parliamentary secretary, and later became his Minister of Justice. From his base in Montreal, Trudeau took control of the Liberal Party and became a charismatic leader, inspiring "Trudeaumania". From the late 1960s until the mid-1980s, he dominated the Canadian political scene and aroused passionate reactions. "Reason before passion" was his personal motto. He retired from politics in 1984, and John Turner succeeded him as prime minister.
Admirers praise the force of Trudeau's intellect and they salute his political acumen in preserving national unity against Quebec separatists, suppressing a violent revolt, and establishing the Charter of Rights and Freedoms within Canada's constitution. His detractors accuse him of arrogance, economic mismanagement, and unduly favouring the authority of the federal government in relation to the provinces, especially in trying to control the oil wealth of the Prairies.
Trudeau remains well-regarded by many Canadians. However, the passage of time has only slightly softened the strong antipathy he inspired among his opponents. Trudeau's charisma and confidence as Prime Minister, and his championing of the Canadian identity are often cited as reasons for his popularity. His strong personality, contempt for his opponents and distaste for compromise on many issues have made him, as historian Michael Bliss puts it, "one of the most admired and most disliked of all Canadian prime ministers." "He haunts us still," biographers Christina McCall and Stephen Clarkson wrote in 1990. Trudeau's electoral successes were matched in the 20th century only by those of Mackenzie King. In all, Trudeau is undoubtedly one of the most dominant and transformative figures in Canadian political history.
Trudeau's most enduring legacy may lie in his contribution to Canadian nationalism, and of pride in Canada in and for itself rather than as a derivative of the British Commonwealth. His role in this effort, and his related battles with Quebec on behalf of Canadian unity, cemented his political position when in office despite the controversies he faced-and remain the most remembered aspect of his tenure afterward. Some consider Trudeau's economic policies to have been a weak point. Inflation and unemployment marred much of his prime ministership. When Trudeau took office in 1968, Canada had a debt of $18 billion (24% of GDP); when he left office in 1984, that debt stood at $200 billion (46% of GDP), an increase of 83% in real terms. Though his popularity had fallen in English Canada at the time of his retirement in 1984, public opinion later became more sympathetic to him, particularly in comparison to his successor, Brian Mulroney. Pierre Trudeau is today seen in very high regard on the Canadian political scene. Many politicians still use the term "taking a walk in the snow, " a throw-away line Trudeau used to describe his decision to leave office in 1984. Other popular Trudeauisms frequently used are "just watch me", the "Trudeau Salute", and "Fuddle Duddle"."
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Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_trudeau, accessed on November 11th, 2010Appendix B: Overview of the October Crisis of 1970
"The October Crisis was a series of events triggered by two kidnappings of government officials by members of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) during October 1970 in the province of Quebec, mainly in the Montreal metropolitan area.
These circumstances ultimately culminated in the only peacetime usage of the War Measures Act in Canada's history, done by Governor General of Canada Roland Michener at the direction of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, having been requested by the Premier of Quebec, Robert Bourassa, and the Mayor of Montreal, Jean Drapeau.
The invocation of the act resulted in widespread deployment of Canadian Forces troops throughout Quebec, and in Ottawa gave the appearance that martial law had been imposed, although the military remained in a support role to the civil authorities of Quebec. The police were also enabled with far-reaching powers, and they arrested and detained, without bail, 497 individuals, all but 62 of whom were later released without charges.
At the time, opinion polls throughout Canada, including in Quebec, showed widespread support for the use of the War Measures Act. The response, however, was criticized at the time and subsequently by a number of prominent leaders, including René Lévesque, Robert Stanfield, and Tommy Douglas, who believed the actions to be excessive and the precedent to suspend civil liberties dangerous. The criticism was reinforced by evidence that police officials had abused their powers and detained, without cause, prominent artists and intellectuals associated with the sovereignty movement.
The events of October 1970 galvanized support against violence in efforts for Quebec sovereignty and highlighted the movement towards political means of attaining greater autonomy and independence, including support for the sovereigntist Parti Québécois, which went on to form the provincial government in 1976."
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_Crisis, accessed on November 11th, 2010Request Removal
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