Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a new military doctrine that says NATO is one of Russia's biggest dangers. NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is a defence treaty that started in 1949. It consists of North American and European countries who guarantee to act if any member state is threatened militarily. Tensions between Russia and NATO have existed since the end of WWII. The rival, Russian-led Warsaw Pact started in 1955 and led to the Cold War between the East and West intensifying. Strained relations have surfaced once again with former Russian ally Ukraine making fresh steps to join NATO. Russia accused NATO this week of turning Ukraine into a "frontline of confrontation".
The new doctrine has stated that for the first time, Russia would use conventional weapons "as part of strategic deterrent measures" if it sees its territory is under threat. A NATO spokeswoman said the organization was complying with international law over Ukraine and was not threatening Russia in any way. She said: "Should Ukraine decide to apply for NATO membership, NATO will assess its readiness to join the alliance in the same way as with any candidate. This is an issue between NATO and the individual countries aspiring to membership." She added: "It is Russia's actions…in Ukraine which are breaking international law and undermining European security."
Try the same news story at these easier levels:Sources
1. NATO: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about NATO. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
military / doctrine / dangers / guarantee / threatened / tensions / Cold War / frontline /
conventional weapons / deterrent / international law / membership / security
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. DANGERS: What are the biggest dangers that threaten international relations? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.MY e-BOOK
4. EXPANSION: Students A strongly believe NATO should not expand any more; Students B strongly believe it should. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
5. TREATY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "treaty". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
BEFORE READING / LISTENING
1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).
Russia's president signed a document stating the danger of NATO.
NATO started as an organization in 1994.
The rival to NATO used to be the Warsaw Pact.
Russia said NATO is using Ukraine as a basis for confrontation.
Russia said it will use conventional weapons as a deterrent.
NATO said it knew its actions were outside of international law.
NATO said it will treat Ukraine's membership application differently.
NATO said Russia's actions over Ukraine reinforced European security.
2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.
3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)
President Vladimir Putin has signed
surfaced once again
a defence treaty that
Strained relations have
to join the alliance
a new military doctrine
started in 1949
NATO will assess its readiness
Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a new (1) ____________ doctrine that says NATO is one of Russia's biggest (2) ____________. NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is a defence (3) ____________ that started in 1949. It consists of North American and European countries who (4) ____________ to act if any member state is threatened militarily. Tensions between Russia and NATO have (5) ____________ since the end of WWII. The rival, Russian-led Warsaw Pact started in 1955 and led to the Cold War between the East and West intensifying. Strained (6) ____________ have surfaced once again with former Russian (7) ____________ Ukraine making fresh steps to join NATO. Russia accused NATO this week of turning Ukraine into a "frontline of (8) ____________ ".
The new doctrine has stated that for the first time, Russia would use conventional (9) ____________ "as part of strategic deterrent (10) ____________ " if it sees its territory is under threat. A NATO spokeswoman said the organization was (11) ____________ with international law over Ukraine and was not threatening Russia in any way. She said: "Should Ukraine decide to (12) ____________ for NATO membership, NATO will assess its readiness to join the (13) ____________ in the same way as with any (14) ____________. This is an issue between NATO and the (15) ____________ countries aspiring to membership." She added: "It is Russia's actions…in Ukraine which are breaking international law and undermining European (16) ____________."
NATO and An the issue individual between countries.
CIRCLE THE CORRECT WORD (20 PAIRS)
Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed / singed a new military doctrine that says NATO is one of Russia's biggest dangerous / dangers. NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is a defence treaty that started / stated in 1949. It contrasts / consists of North American and European countries who guarantee to act / action if any member state is threatened militarily / military. Tensions between Russia and NATO have exited / existed since the end of WWII. The rival / rivalry. Russian-led Warsaw Pact started in 1955 and led to the Cold War between the East and West condensing / intensifying. Strained relations have surfaced once again with former Russian ally Ukraine making fresh steps to join NATO. Russia accused NATO this week of turning / screwing Ukraine into a "frontline of confrontation".
The new doctrine has stated that for the first time, Russia would use conventional / conventionally weapons "as part of strategy / strategic deterrent measures / measurements " if it sees its territory is under threat. A NATO spokeswoman said the organization was compiling / complying with international law under / over Ukraine and was not threatening Russia in any way. She said: "Should Ukraine decide / decision to apply for NATO membership, NATO will assess its readying / readiness to join the alliance in the same way as with some / any candidate. This is an issue between NATO and the individual countries conspiring / aspiring to membership." She added: "It is Russia's actions…in Ukraine which are breaking international law and undermining / underarming European security."
Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.
INSERT THE VOWELS (a, e, i, o, u)
R_ss__n Pr_s_d_nt Vl_d_m_r P_t_n h_s s_gn_d _ n_w m_l_t_ry d_ctr_n_ th_t s_ys N_T_ _s _n_ _f R_ss__'s b_gg_st d_ng_rs. N_T_ (th_ N_rth _tl_nt_c Tr__ty _rg_n_z_t__n) _s _ d_f_nc_ tr__ty th_t st_rt_d _n 1949. _t c_ns_sts _f N_rth _m_r_c_n _nd __r_p__n c__ntr__s wh_ g__r_nt__ t_ _ct _f _ny m_mb_r st_t_ _s thr__t_n_d m_l_t_r_ly. T_ns__ns b_tw__n R_ss__ _nd N_T_ h_v_ _x_st_d s_nc_ th_ _nd _f WW__. Th_ r_v_l, R_ss__n-l_d W_rs_w P_ct st_rt_d _n 1955 _nd l_d t_ th_ C_ld W_r b_tw__n th_ __st _nd W_st _nt_ns_fy_ng. Str__n_d r_l_t__ns h_v_ s_rf_c_d _nc_ _g__n w_th f_rm_r R_ss__n _lly _kr__n_ m_k_ng fr_sh st_ps t_ j__n N_T_. R_ss__ _cc_s_d N_T_ th_s w__k _f t_rn_ng _kr__n_ _nt_ _ "fr_ntl_n_ _f c_nfr_nt_t__n".
Th_ n_w d_ctr_n_ h_s st_t_d th_t f_r th_ f_rst t_m_, R_ss__ w__ld _s_ c_nv_nt__n_l w__p_ns "_s p_rt _f str_t_g_c d_t_rr_nt m__s_r_s" _f _t s__s _ts t_rr_t_ry _s _nd_r thr__t. _ N_T_ sp_k_sw_m_n s__d th_ _rg_n_z_t__n w_s c_mply_ng w_th _nt_rn_t__n_l l_w _v_r _kr__n_ _nd w_s n_t thr__t_n_ng R_ss__ _n _ny w_y. Sh_ s__d: "Sh__ld _kr__n_ d_c_d_ t_ _pply f_r N_T_ m_mb_rsh_p, N_T_ w_ll _ss_ss _ts r__d_n_ss t_ j__n th_ _ll__nc_ _n th_ s_m_ w_y _s w_th _ny c_nd_d_t_. Th_s _s _n _ss__ b_tw__n N_T_ _nd th_ _nd_v_d__l c__ntr__s _sp_r_ng t_ m_mb_rsh_p." Sh_ _dd_d: "_t _s R_ss__'s _ct__ns…_n _kr__n_ wh_ch _r_ br__k_ng _nt_rn_t__n_l l_w _nd _nd_rm_n_ng __r_p__n s_c_r_ty."
PUNCTUATE THE TEXT AND ADD CAPITALS
russian president vladimir putin has signed a new military doctrine that says nato is one of russia's biggest dangers nato (the north atlantic treaty organization) is a defence treaty that started in 1949 it consists of north american and european countries who guarantee to act if any member state is threatened militarily tensions between russia and nato have existed since the end of wwii the rival russian-led warsaw pact started in 1955 and led to the cold war between the east and west intensifying strained relations have surfaced once again with former russian ally ukraine making fresh steps to join nato russia accused nato this week of turning ukraine into a "frontline of confrontation"
the new doctrine has stated that for the first time russia would use conventional weapons "as part of strategic deterrent measures" if it sees its territory is under threat a nato spokeswoman said the organization was complying with international law over ukraine and was not threatening russia in any way she said "should ukraine decide to apply for nato membership nato will assess its readiness to join the alliance in the same way as with any candidate this is an issue between nato and the individual countries aspiring to membership" she added "it is russia's actions…in ukraine which are breaking international law and undermining european security"
PUT A SLASH ( / ) WHERE THE SPACES ARE
Write about NATO for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner's paper.
1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about Russia's relations with NATO. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
3. NATO: Make a poster about NATO. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
4. RESOLUTION: Write a magazine article about how to resolve the differences between Russia and NATO. Include imaginary interviews with Russia's president and the head of NATO.
Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on international affairs. Ask him/her three questions about the relationship between Russia and NATO. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to make things better. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.
1. a) Join the two sentences to rewrite the main events from Robin MacWizard’s diary.
b) Translate the sentences into Russian.
Model: The boys didn’t read Robin’s diary. The boys didn’t meet Emily. — If the boys hadn’t met Emily, they wouldn’t have read Robin’s diary.
2. Match the phrases with suitable reactions.
3. Match the words and expressions with definitions.
4. Emily keeps her promise to tell Misha about some of California’s national parks. Listen to the story, read it and answer the questions.
5. Who would say these words: Martin, his friends or the rangers? Mark the phrases as true or false.
A. Write the verbs in brackets in the right form-
B. Complete the sentences with the facts from history.
1. Put the verbs in brackets in the right form.
2. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form.
3. Put the verbs in brackets in the right form.
4. Put the verbs in brackets in the right form.
7. Answer the questions.
English as a world language
A wiki project for grade 11
the unit consists of 7 lessons goals:
familiarising the students with the importance of English as a world language
allowing students to find information on the internet autonomously
collaborate on Pirate Pad
teaching students how to create wiki entries 1. Short revision of the text “English in the 21st century“ (vocabulary clear? questions?) (3 min)
2. Brainstorming about the topic “English as a world language“ using a mind map (4 min)
3. Collecting basic information on Pirate Pad by answering provided questions (20 min)
1. Text “English in the 21st century“ is too long and too complicated for grade 11
2. Brainstorming is not really a brainstorming if students have already read the text
3. Pirate Pad might take more time than allocated
4. There is too much content for one lesson
5. Students might not be prepared for researching on the internet and working with unknown vocabulary
6. There is very little focus on language overall
7.Lesson 2 should be devoted to Pirate Pad Suggestions and comments 1. Welcoming and discussing questions about homework (5 min)
2. Gathering and structuring information for wiki-entry (80 min)
3. Questions about ongoing work (5 min)
1. A lesson devoted to the introduction to working on a wiki should be added.
2. The homework should be changed to something focussing on language.
3. Lessons 2 and 3 should become lessons 3 and 4. Suggestions and comments 1. Welcoming and answering open questions (5 min)
2. Structuring and formatting wiki entry (80 min)
3. Questions about ongoing work (5 min)
1. Lessons 4 and 5 should become lessons 5 and 6.
2. Apart from that, it's all very good. ) Suggestions and comments Conclusions 1. The text is too difficult and useless without a proper task
-> leave out the text, begin unit with
brainstorming Our new lesson plan Lesson 1
1. Brainstorming about “English as a world language“ (10 min)
2. Collecting information on the internet on Pirate Pad with questions provided (20 min)
3. Short summary of the findings (8 min)
4. Discussion: What tools are there on the internet for looking up words and finding synonyms?
5. Homework: Filling in a table with vocabulary related to the topic Lesson 2
1. Revision of homework: vocabulary table (15 min)
2. What is a wiki? Reading handout “How to wiki“ (10 min)
3. Trying out the functions of the class' online wiki with specific tasks (10 min)
4. Finding groups and choosing topics for the following lessons (10 min)
Lessons 3 and 4
1. Welcoming and discussing questions in general (5 min)
2. Gathering and structuring information for wiki entry (80 min)
3. Questions about ongoing work (class discussion, 5 min)
Lessons 5 and 6
1. Welcoming and answering open questions (5 min)
2. Structuring and formatting wiki entry (80 min)
3. Questions about ongoing work (5 min)
1. Welcoming and setting the scene (5 min)
2. Group presentations (35 - 75 min)
3. Feedback on content and method (10 min) 1. Longer presentations to practice speaking skills
2. Feedback for each presentation
3. Homework: revising articles before grading Suggestions and comments We spoke to an English teacher from the Martin-Luther-Schule Marburg. She uses videos, films, overhead transparencies and Powerpoint presentations in her lessons. 4. Short presentation and discussion of the findings (8 min)
5. Introduction to wiki project and the structure of the following lessons using the handout “How to wiki“ (5 min)
6. Division into groups, finding topics, discussing structure of individual wiki entry in groups (5 min)
7. Homework: reading wiki worksheet, finding information on group's chosen topic 2. The first lesson is too full, more time needs to be allocated for introducing and learning to work with the wiki
-> extra lesson focussing on wiki 3. there is very little focus on language and students may not know how to find translations and synonyms on the web
-> discussion of online tools such as online
dictionaries and thesaurus
-> homework: task asking students to find
synonyms, translations and paraphrases
for vocabulary relevant to topic 4. there is very little time for speaking (focus on writing) 5. students should be allowed to revise their articles after the feedback English as a world language
A wiki project for grade 11 Lesson 1: Introduction to the topic “English as a world language“
Lessons 2 and 3: Working on the wiki entries
Lessons 4 and 5: Putting finishing touches on the wiki entries
Lesson 6: Presentations and feedback Lessons 7 and 8
1. Welcoming and setting the scene (5 min)
2. Group presentations with feedback (70 min)
3. Feedback on content and method (15 min)
Homework: Revising articles before grading
New Russian Audio: This lesson now has Russian sound samples. Click the green icon to listen. (Help )
Now that we have done the hard work learning some Russian grammar, it is time to start using it. In this lesson we will form simple Russian phrases and sentences. After this lesson you should be able to ask or tell people what you want and like.To Love
Let's start with the Russian verb "to love":
Remember that a noun after “I love” should be in the accusative case as it is the object of the sentence. Here are some uses of the word:"I love you" in Russian
You should now know enough Russian to say 'I love you'What? Using other Russian verbs
To express yourself better in Russian you will need to learn some more Russian verbs. Let's introduce some new Russian verbs now. If you would like, you can see how these verbs are conjugated by clicking here.
Here are some possible uses of these verbs:
Sometime you will want to talk about an action. For example "I like to read" or "I want to read". In such cases you are using 2 verbs in a row. In Russian you should leave the 2nd verb in the infinitive form. For example:Very
A very useful Russian word is the word for "very". You can include it into many phrases. It sometimes replaces the word "really" also. For example:Question Words
You may also find these question words useful during your travels around Russia.
If you would like to learn more then refer to the question words page in the grammar section.Video
Use this video to help you learn the Russian verb "to love". Try saying each phrase after you hear it. Then try reading the words with the sounds off. Take me to YouTube .Conclusion
You should now know the basics for forming simple Russian sentences. In this lesson we learnt expressions that are useful for talking about things that you like. There is quite a bit of vocabulary in this lesson, so you may wish to review some of it again later. In particular, if you can memorise the verbs you will find it easier to express yourself in Russian.
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* Attention! Before sending the payment, please contact us for the details.Conditions for the Online Course
You always have a chance to bring your suggestions on in organizing the studying process.
Every student of online Russian courses receive the Certificate of Moscow Lomonosov University Russian Language Centre.
To learn Russian on Skype is suitable for everybody: intermediate level students and the beginners. It is a perfect way of study for working people, who cannot find time for individual or group lessons. You can learn Russian on Skype at any time and place, where you can find Internet.
The students of Russian Online courses can choose the time, duration and frequency of the lessons which are suitable for them. Apart from that, they can choose a level: for beginners, intermediate, colloquial, business etc.
Russian lessons online are not different from the individual lessons: the teacher introduces the material, gives the explanations and the assignments. The student, in his turn, listens to the lecturers and does the homework. Such an important tool as the board is replaced by electronic and/or interactive board, which possesses wider capability.
It is a well-known fact that all organs of perception have to be involved in the learning a foreign language. Electronic board allows not only to write on it, but also to demonstrate all necessary visual materials. The electronic board is a screen of the computer, which the teacher shows to a student using “show screen” function.
The other tool which is actively used during Russian online lessons is a Skype chat. It is used by both a teacher and a student as an interactive board. The student and the teacher exchange the assignments, which can be marked immediately. Also, they can exchange the massages in Russian and correct the pronunciation during the lesson.
Usually, during the individual lessons, mistakes in speaking are corrected in two ways: immediately after they were made or when the speech is recorded - after the lesson is finished.
Both ways have some apparent disadvantages, which are hard to bear during an individual lesson. However, chat makes it easier: during online Russian lessons it is used as a ‘prompter’, which allows the teacher to correct the mistakes immediately without interrupting the student.
All this opportunities and tools allow to organize and spend full integrated lessons of Russian online, where the student is learning to speak, understand, read and write in Russian.
MSU Language Center offers an opportunity to learn Russian online with experienced MSU teachers and native speakers.
Other materials concerning learning Russian as a foreign language you can find on our Facebook page, as well as to meet and talk to other students of MSU Language Center.With the online course you will learn Russian as to:
This is an introductory course in Russian language for foreigners who have never studied Russian language before. The program consists of the following areas: phonetics of the alphabet, basic grammar, informal situations and basic living vocabulary.
Russian courses courses will cover material in the following areas: «Meeting People», «In a Store», «Profession», «Weather», «In the city». Grammar areas will include: Nouns, Adjectives, Verbs, 1St conjugations, pronouns, numbers, time, adverb «can», «cannot».
By the end of the course, you will have acquired the skills to communicate at an elementary level in informal speech.Online Russian Lessons 1 and 2 Online Russian Lessons 3 and 4 Online Russian Lessons 5 and 6 Online Russian Lessons 7 and 8 Online Russian Lessons 9 and 10 Learn Russian at the web's home of free online Russian language lessons.
If you want to learn Russian then you have come to the right place! We offer a free online Russian language course for everyone. All our Russian lessons are free, and we intend to keep it that way. We even have audio recorded by native Russian speakers. Our site is growing and we are adding more and more features to help you learn to speak Russian.
Are you learning the basics of the Russian language for you next holiday? Perhaps you looking for a head start before studying or working in Russia? Or do you wish to become a fluent Russian speaker? There are many reasons people love to learn Russian. It is one of the world's most rich and expressive languages. Regardless of the reason let us assure you that it is worth the effort. We have everything you need to get started learning right here.
In our first lesson you will learn the Russian alphabet. If you can sound out words and place names then you have a huge advantage while travelling in Russia. There are may Russian words that are similar to English they just look different. If you know the Russian alphabet you can also read signs, menus and place names. It may surprise you to learn that the Russian alphabet is easy! Unlike English, the Russian alphabet has one letter for each sound.
Lesson three will teach you basic phrases in the Russian language. By the end of lesson four you will be able to count, say hello and good-bye and order yourself a drink in a Russian bar or cafe. You can learn the basics of Russian quickly and it will help you an enormous amount while travelling. You will be able to see and enjoy more on your Russian holiday.
Many people think Russian grammar is complex. It is no more difficult that other languages such as French or German. Quite often it is just not clearly explained. The problem has been that Russian teachers assume that English speakers already have a good understanding of English grammar. Russian school students learn about grammar in detail, English students do not. At RussianLessons.Net we understand this. We teach you the basics of grammar without getting too technical, just some basic rules to point you in the right direction. We try our best to explain such concepts very clearly. Our site has a quick reference menu down the left hand side so that you can quickly refer to any information that needs refreshing.
We hope you enjoy learning Russian. Please ensure that you join our community in the forums section of the site. What are you waiting for? Start learning Russian now!Study materials
New outline is distributed today and available to be uploaded.
Sunday, December 16, 2012
There have been some changes to this unit. The due date for
homework #24 (Lesson 4) has been changed to Wednesday, Dec 19.
Homework #25 (Lesson 5) to Thursday, Dec 20.
Homework #26 (Lesson 6) to Friday, Dec 21.
ATTENTION PARENTS AND STUDENTS. If the student is going to miss any days of school leading up to the winter holiday vacation, (s)he is still responsible for completing all of the required work and catching up with the notes from class. Presentations are available for download below.
Tuesday, December, 11, 2012
The first three lessons are updated on the site! Scroll down and you will see all documents presented in class. Keep up with your homework!
Monday, December 3, 2012
The new outline is up and ready. Students in class 802 will be receiving their outline for Unit 4 on Tues 12/4 and 801 & 803 will be receiving them on Wed 12/5. The focus of this Unit is World War I. Be sure to keep on top of your homework assignments and essays.
Tuesday, November 27, 2012
Hi all- outlines are uploaded! Sorry for the delay. Exam is scheduled for Friday along with the essay. Tomorrow (Wed. Nov 28) we will be using the laptops in class to work on our essays so make sure you have your flash drives. The rubric for the argumentative essay has also been uploaded as well.
Thursday, November 1, 2012
Hello students. I hope that you and your family are safe from the wrath of Hurricane Sandy. Schools have been closed for this week. Classes should be scheduled to resume on Monday, November 5, 2012. Your essay is due on Monday and your exam will be taken in class on Monday as well. If you have questions or concerns please e-mail me VLOVERME2@GMAIL.com. You may also call the main office at 718-528-9173. Be sure to check on any material needed by downloading the WORD files located further down on this webpage.
Tuesday, October 23, 2012
My apologies for the late update to the teacher homepage.
The next exam is Monday, October 29, 2012.
Feel free to e-mail me at anytime: VLOVERME2@GMAIL.COM
Monday, September 10, 2012
Welcome to Mr. Lo Verme's teacher homepage. You may be required to visit this webpage on a regular basis to get some much needed information. Please be patient with me since I am learning how to use this for the first time.
To parents & students: Please feel free to e-mail me at VLOVERME1@AOL.COM or VLOVERME2@GMAIL.COM for just about any concern you may have regarding questions or concerns you may have.
To parents: You may also call the main office at 718-528-9173. Please leave a message with the secretary along with your phone number and I will call you back as soon as I can. We can set up meetings to discuss the needs of your child for this school year. Please do not show up randomly at the school and expect an immediate conference.
Also, if you have not visited ARIS, contact the main office to find out more information
about how to utilize this feature @ schools.nyc.gov.