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Sinhala and Tamil new year

Sinhala and Tamil new year

Sinhala and Tamil new year

Infobox Holiday
holiday_name=Sinhala and Tamil new year
official_name= Sinhala: Aluth Awurudu/Tamil:
English name=Sinhala and Tamil new year
observed by=Sinhalese/ Hindus
date=A nakshatra date in the month of Bak (by the Shalivahana era)
observances=Games, prayer
type= Sinhala festival /Hindu festival/ Public holidays in Sri Lanka
significance= The observed movement of the sun from "Meena Rashiya" (House of Pisces to the "Mesha Rashiya" (House of Aries)
date2006= April 13
date2007= April 14
date2008= April 13
date2009= December 21
date2010=
In April (the month of Bak), when the sun moves from the "Meena Rashiya" (House of Pisces) to the "Mesha Rashiya" (House of Aries) in the celestial sphere; Sri Lanka ns begin celebrating their New Year or "Aluth Avurudhu" (in Sinhala) and "Puththandu" (in Tamil ). It marks the end of the harvest season and also coincides with one of 2 instances when the sun is directly above Sri Lanka. On the day of celebrations, the sun is directly above Koggala (where a sun devale can be found). A new year of the Saka era begins with each festival.

However, unlike the Western celebration of the new year at midnight on December 31st, the Sri Lankan New Year begins at a time determined by astrological signs. Also unlike western traditions; the ending of the "old year", and the beginning of the "new year" occur several hours apart from one another (this span is determined by astrology as well) - this period is, aptly enough, referred to as the "nona gathe" (neutral period). During this time Sri Lankans are, according to custom, encouraged to refrain from material pursuits, and engage solely in religious activities and traditional games.

The date upon which the Sri Lankan New Year occurred, while determined by astrological signs, also tends to coincide with the end of the harvest season - for this reason, many farming communities celebrate the new year while gathering fruits that have fallen from their trees.

Cultural rituals begin shortly after the beginning of the "new year" with the cleaning of the house and lighting of an oil lamp. In some communities, women congregate to play upon on the raban (drum) to warn others of the incipient change in the year.

Families indulge in a variety of rituals which are carefully determined by astrological calculations - from lighting the fire to making the " kiribath ", (milk rice) to entering into the first business transaction and eating the first morsels.

Once these are done, the partying really begins as families mingle in the streets, homes are thrown open and children are let out to play. The ubiquitous plantain is dished out alongside celebratory feasts of kaung (small oil cake) and kokis (crisp and light sweetmeat, originally from the Netherlands).

"Aurudu" has become an important national holiday for both the cultures of the Sinhalese Buddhists and the Tamil Hindu Sri Lankans, and is unique as such, as it is not celebrated "in the same manner" elsewhere in the world (some countries do celebrate a similar festival on the same date or a near date) .

The mythological conception of a `Aluth Avuruddha' is that the Prince of Peace called "Indradeva" descends upon the earth to ensure peace and happiness. He comes in a white carriage wearing on his head a white floral crown seven cubits high. He first dips, like a returning space capsule plunges, breaking earth's gravity, into a `kiri' or sea of milk.

The actual history of the New Year goes back to primitive period in Sri Lankan history. Various beliefs, perhaps those associated with fertility, gave birth to many rituals, customs and ceremonies connected with the New Year. The advent of Buddhism in the third century BC led to a re-interpretation of the existing New Year activities in the Buddhistic light. The majority of the people in the country were Buddhists, and as such, it is that the Buddhist outlook was predominant in transforming the New Year rites to what they are now.

Hinduism. on the other hand, existed side by side with Buddhism, in medieval times. New Year practices interpreted in the Hinduistic way developed among the Hindus. Buddhism and Hinduism were historically connected with each other. Their philosophies were running along parallel dimensions, except for certain ultimate truths concerning the self, the way to achieve emancipation and the nature of a creative god and nirvana (which Buddhism denies). There was no serious contradiction in New Year rituals that are found among the Buddhists and Hindus.

Bathing for passing year

The customary bathing for the passing year is equally important facet. Herbal bath gives physical purification. When one takes a herbal bath over the entire body, anointed with gingelly oil or mustard oil that provides a soothing effect for the body. Herbal baths are prescribed in Vedas too.

For this year, water mixed with the Juice of Bo leves is recommended. Body massage and herbal bath promotes blood circulation, and it is considered the best method of maintaining positive health. Herbal baths are prescribed as a method of treatment in many nervous disorders and diseases of the muscles and joints.

Promote family bonds

Another salient feature of the New Year is to respect the elders and to strengthen relationships with neighbours. Usually, visiting relations and friends and exchanging presents, greeting them with a sheaf of betel is the order of the day. Betel is considered a sacred herb with many medicinal values. Chewing of betel along with cloves, cardamoms and arecanut after a meal is considered the best way to strengthen the gums. A chew of betel cleans the mouth, and wades off bad breath. The juice of betel leaves promotes digestion, kills organisms which are harmful to the body. The value of betel is also appreciated in Buddhist literature. Building up confidence, love, friendship and hope among elders, relations and friends plays a great role in achieving mental, physical and social wellbeing. Arrogance, hatred, sorrow, pangs of jealousy, cruelty are all considered as mental illnesses. Exchanging sheaves of betel and paying respect to elders brings about a new feeling of freshness.

The elders feel that they are accepted, wanted and venerated by their kith and kin. This warmth helps to a great deal to the elders in maintaining good health and vitality.

The nonagatha is the transitional period in the planetary movement and considered to be inauspicious to start any propitious work. Therefore, this time is set apart for religious observances. Ayurveda envisages a method of treatment known as "Daivavyapasharaya" or spiritual therapy. This therapy involves the use of" mantras" or incantations such as "Aushadhi" or sacred herbs, "Mani" or precious gems, "Mangala" or propitiatory rites, including oblations, bali or offerings and homa or sacrifices, "Niyama" or vows, "prayaschitta" or cremonial pevitence, uparasa or fasts swastyayana or prostrations and "pranipata" - "gamana" or pilgrimages and so on.

Ayurveda explains that transitional period at different seasonal variations changes an imbalances in the body humours or forces namely "Vata, Pita, Kapa". Therefore it is advised to have light food or complete fasting (Langana) during such periods. So that minimal fluctuation in the three Dosha will take place. Therefore during nonekata it is the custom to be aloof from all normal activities and to confine only to religious observances.

The food which is taken during Sinhala New Year has many nutritious values. Sweet meat such as Mung Kevum, Konda Kavum made of brown rice, flour, Unduvel made of undu are indigenous sweets. All they have many food and nutritious values. Taking meals at an auspicious time with all family members sitting together is a noble, and healthy custom. This happy get together should be adapted at all meals, and not confined to the New Year table alone. Many indulge in unwanted arguments and talks while taking meals. The Avurudu custom, gives the signal to avoid such unhealthy manners. Happy state of mind is very necessary for the proper digestion of food. Ayurveda makes it clear that wholesome food taken at proper time in proper quantity will not digest properly if the person is in bad mental state, such as fear, sorrow or arrogance. Therefore happy state at meals is ulmost importance in attaining healthy digestion.

Complement of New Year

Anointing of the head with "Nanu" (medicated shampoo) and oil is described in Ayurveda as a way of promoting health, specially massaging the scalp with oil and cleaning the head with medicated decoction known as "Nanu". It promotes the growth of hair. It improves a sound sleep and balances the body humours. These rituals and New Year custom are healthy. Therefore they should be incorporated in our daily life for greater progress and prosperity.

* Thai New Year
* Indian Astrology

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010 .

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Sinhala and tamil new year

When the sun moves from the Meena Rashiya (House of Pisces) to the Mesha Rashiya (House of Aries) in the celestial sphere; Sri Lankans begin celebrating their New Year or Aluth Avurudhu (in Sinhala) and Puththandu (in Tamil). It marks the end of the harvest season and also coincides with one of 2 instances when the sun is directly above Sri Lanka. On the day of celebrations, the sun is directly above Koggala (where a sun devale can be found). A new year of the Saka era begins with each festival.

Cultural rituals begin shortly after the beginning of the New Year with the cleaning of the house and lighting of an oil lamp. In some communities, women congregate to play upon on the raban (drum) to warn others of the incipient change in the year - from lighting the fire to making the kiribath, (milk rice) to entering into the first business transaction and eating the first morsels, Once these are done, the partying really begins as families mingle in the streets, homes are thrown open and children are let out to play. The ubiquitous plantain is dished out alongside celebratory feasts of kaung (small oil cake) and kokis (crisp and light sweetmeat, originally from the Netherlands).

Aurudu has become an important national holiday for both the cultures of the Sinhalese Buddhists and the Tamil Hindu Sri Lankans, and is unique as such, as it is not celebrated in the same manner elsewhere in the world.

SUBA ALUTH AWURUDDAK WEWA! happy new year!

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The sinhala new year festival

Tagged with The sinhala new year festival

The Sinhala New Year festival is one of the most enjoyable and important festivals in Sri Lanka. It is held in the lovely month of April. It is also the most important national festival for Sinhala and Tamil people in Sri Lanka.
The sun enters Mesa rasi form Meena rasi completing an annual cycle. This is the event which we call the “Sinhala new year”. The word “year” also means “this special day”.
Kuku bird brings us the message of the Sinhala new yearNew Year. The sweet song of the “Koha” as it nests in the heavily laden mango trees floats melodiously in the air. The “Erabadu” trees burst into bloom. The blood red flowers appear on the leafless branches. As the Sinhala New Year dawns, we can hear the sounds of crackers and Raban playing all around us.
During this season the trees bear fruits such as mango, cashew and jack flowers bloom.
The harvest has been gathered and now is the time to enjoy it.
Before the New Year every home gets ready by cleaning up to welcome Sinhala New Year. Houses are color washed and given a “new look”. House wives go to shops for buy food, clothes and gifts.
The air is full of the smell of coconut oil, as the Sinhala sweetmeats are prepared.
On New Year day, every thing is done according to auspicious times. These include kindling the hearth, partaking meals, financial transactions, commencement of work, anointing the head with oil, bathing and setting out for employment.
During the season we have new clothes and lots of delicious food such as milk rice, cakes, Kawum, Kokis, Kaludodol, plantains.
The people wear clothes of the lucky colors. They exchange of money and gifts. Children worship to their elders with betel. Gifts are exchanged between friends and relatives. People visit their relations and grant forgiveness for all enmities by offering betel. It is one of the traditional customs that is observed during the Sinhala New Year.
Many people do not forget to go high up in swings and play games. New Year games include tug of war, obstacle races, cycle races, marathons, beauty contests, fancy dress parades, pillow fighting, and climbing the grease pole. Blind folded games such as bursting of balloons, eating buns, and breaking of the pot are also popular.
In the last few days our houses have been made ready to welcome the Sinhala New Year. All over the country people return to their homes to celebrate this festival with their families. It is also the start of the school vacation period. These celebrations continue for up to a week or more. It is a festival of fun and merry making.

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Sinhala new year festival essay - write essays

The timing of the Sinhala New Year coincides with the new year celebrations of many traditional calendars of. the traditional new year is a festival of harvest as.

How to celebrate New Year , New Year’s Eve Celebration Marking the last day of the year, New Year’s Eve is one of the largest celebrations

The new year is observed by the Sinhala Buddhist community which forms 74 percent of Sri Lanka`s population and Tamil Hindu community.

Sinhala new year, sinhala new year celebrations, sinhalese new year rituals, new year festival in sri lanka, new year eve celebration in sri lanka.

Festivals in Sri Lanka Sri Lanka having a history. Every year on or about April 13th Sinhala and Tamil people celebrate Sinhala and Tamil New Year Festival.

Sinhala and Tamil New Year festival is a beautiful festival. All Sri Lankans, Sinhala and Tamil peoples celebrate this festival.

Sri Lankan New Year 2007 Celebration in Woodly Park Performed by Ruwani Horanage Choreographed and Costumes by Aruni Boteju.

sinhala new year festival essay Related Articles

Sinhala and Tamil New Year Festival in Sri Lanka

Sinhala and Tamil New Year Festival in Sri Lanka Sinhala & Tamil New Year: April 11-12

Sinhala & Tamil New Year is a public holiday in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka celebrates Sinhala & Tamil New Year. The date of the celebration may vary and may either fall on the 13th or the 14th of the month of April.

History of Sri Lanka’s Sinhala & Tamil New Year

The celebration of Sinhala & Tamil New Year was motivated by various religious influences in Sri Lanka, namely Buddhist and Hindu. However, it is believed that the celebration of New Year has existed long before the religions came into the scene. These religions have somehow penetrated the core of Sri Lankan culture and associated their rituals to thanksgiving after harvesting agricultural produce. However, most of the mythological background of the festival has touch of Hindu religion.

Sri Lankan’s also connect the date and timing of the festivity during the mating season of a bird endemic in the region – Asian Koel. The signature “koo-ooo” call of the male Koel bird dominates the tree-saturated portion of the country signaling the bird’s looking for a mate.

Sri Lanka’s Sinhala & Tamil New Year: Traditions, Customs and Activities

The celebration of Sinhala & Tamil New Year may officially lasts for seven days but still depends on the family’s social and economic status. People, young and old, take part in religious celebrations as a thanksgiving for a year of bountiful harvest.

This celebration is a time when people wear their best or newly bought dress for the new year. Traditional Sri Lankan food is served which are shared by family members and the visiting relatives. Coconut-based sweets and delicacies are also popular during the holiday.

A great number of Sri Lankan families in major cities and towns across the country usually stay in hotels and rather eat in restaurants to celebrate the new year.

One tradition that is linked to Sinhala & Tamil New Year is the parents’ anointing of oils to their children a symbol for blessing their children for a plentiful and abundant new year ahead. Fireworks abound and lit up the sky at night.

Sinhala and Tamil new year festival

Sinhala and Tamil New Year festival is a beautiful festival. All Sri Lankans, Sinhala and Tamil peoples celebrate this festival. The festival has a long history. If you want to know about it you can search and get it. This year too on April 13-14 we will celebrate this festival. Before the New Year all the people clean their houses. They buy new cloths and presents. They make Rasakavili These are Kondakaum, Athirasa and Munkaum and more Rasakavili. On New Year festival day we make milk rice and all family members come to the lunch table. Our father Do Festival’s Sirith virith after it we eat milk rice. This is a most interesting and beautiful thing. After that we enjoy, We play Aurudu krida. We go to our friends and relations houses and we enjoy with them.

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machan uba marune

sinhalen thibunanam mare maru aya

Very good and it has more mistakes.The rusa kavili english language is sweat meats

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Sinhala - Tamil New Year Festival - Sri Lanka Upcoming Events

Sinhala & Tamil New Year Festival

Celebrated by all Sinhalese and Tamils, the traditional New Year celebrations fall on between 12 to 14 April and is the celebration of Sun God's passage from Pisces to Aries. It is a harvest thanksgiving and is mainly celebrated by the villagers in true traditional style. A colourful and extravagant festival, this season is usually a holiday for the whole country. The Aluth Avurudu (New Year) is a time for friendships and family and many traditions are observed according to the litha (astrological time). New clothes are worn, milk boiled and traditional milk rice with sweets fill the tables. The youth spend the day engaged in various traditional games such as climbing a greased poll, pillow fighting, breaking a pot blindfolded and the girls plating swinging. The women also fill the air with Raban padha ( traditional drum instrument) dressed in their new year costume.

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