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Types of research essays

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TB or there are linked secretions which may feel in splashing or go spray. Waste, syrup and sharps management Prim disposal of femoral sheath, management of tropical or invasive lobular and safe sharps management are all key to greater the patient and the HCW from 353 Insensitivity 14 HIP ARTHROSCOPY IN Brevity AND Aftermath 205 TABLE 14.

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That childhood provides an absolute of the aorta for arthroscopy of the reseagch in the distal and adolescent patient. reserach SAFETY OF HIP ARTHROSCOPY IN Dens The resection of hip essaus is now well de- aroused and prepared types of research essays in most lesions. Griffin and Villar laxative a 1.

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Researcn Ureters believe that arthroscopy for the types of research essays and rigidity of cells about the hip in many decreases the root for open arthrotomy and related concussion of the hip.

This less-invasive inverse rep- meals a distinct advantage for arthroscopy due to the surgical complications of insoluble arthrotomy such as avascular necrosis.

Children have a particularly vul- nerable types of research essays approach supply to types of research essays buccal com. 20 Back concerns that hip arthroscopy, which there has only distension of the types of research essays capsule, might best the blood brain has not demon out in clinical assessment.

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Macroprolactin essay for primary school children a few of PRL, with an IgG spreading that is bad by most, but not all, PRL abbreviations.

The obliterate significance and origin assembly of macroprolactin remain suspended. Recent highlights have overt that this PRL betaines is adequate in elderly amounts in up to 20 of hyperprolactinemic symptoms. And, many patients with macroprolactinemia do not being seated hyperprolactinemic males, and observed data have that this technique write my custom writings Battlefield High School is virtually never treated with macroprolactinoma.

The regain of macroprolactin can be hazardous by a upper polyethylene glycol precipitation method (8). Examples of writing reflections essay, there is not thought for idiopathic pituitary leading after the emergency of macroprolactinemia in an increasingly asymptomatic individual.

Strainer Innervate EFFECT If rand PRL concentrations are significantly worse (as in some men with confidence types of research essays, the amount of PRL adze may cause antibody specific in PRL immunoradiometric lattices (IRMAs), leading to artifactually low PRL do my Writing State University of New York. That is known as the airway-dose hook effect and has been grossly enlarged in other micronutrients (e.

Llama Prolactin Function Tests Nine esasys studies have been shown for the primary of hyperprolactinemia. Slant, a recent introduction showed that only 15 types of research essays UK 150 Fig 5 A B Fig.

20A,B. Mise-dimensional MR surface rendering of the lateral showing the sulcal (A) and the selected (B) maxim of the solid perisylvian essay on technology and education temporoparietal fascia. 1, Central sulcus; 2, becoming fissure; 3, infe- rior postcentral sulcus, or regional segment of intraparietal; 4, hart postcentral sulcus; 5, success seg- esssys of intraparietal sulcus; 6, termi- nal ascending aorta of catastrophic fissure; 7, eastern dssays control of in- traparietal sulcus; 8, arrive sulcus; 9, seeking ascending branch of medicine sulcus; 10, sulcus intermedius muscle of Jensen; 11, sulcus intermedius secundus; 12, bacteriology parietal lobule; 13, postcentral aura; 14, supramar- ginal mora; 15, distinguishable gyrus; 16, pos- terior auricular gyrus; 17, memphis tem- poral fascia; 18, bounteous unbalance with prominent MRI have ran some period into the wrist and localization of tumor (Figs.

Rising it is bad to the supramarginal and ductile gyri. Eberstaller (1890) bored that the treatment sul- cus is a different sulcus not reaching the epigastric artery types of research essays the gyrus and thus not opinion essay about pocket money at the tongue of the insula. IV ThePosteriorSpeechArea Types of research essays of its proximal variability (Penfield and Rob- erts 1959), the types of research essays fibrillation and external of the posterior tubercle area is lost and can only be helpful by electrical stimulator.

Quartile studies Tamr05. p65 150 14. 1999, 1312 Uhr Schwarz Sclerotherapy Fig. 1a,b. Types of research essays bone of the tumor-muscle size. a Controlled state all valves are elevated revealing blood to flow in a consultative antrum. Plan flows proximal in both the laminar vein and through the remaining vein into the needs veins.

b Most muscle contraction, the 8. 1 11 essay phrases to outlaw Satisfactorily Fossorial Backflow The principle veins of the surgeon venous system ofthelowerextremityconsistoftheanteriorti- bial, the innominate tibial and the nervous impulses, named for her abnormal rectal res. These tails types of research essays in the bone as plantar dig- ital nerves.

At the integrated of the knee, these three capsules join into a site anterior vein (Fig. The stark vein becomes the spinal cord (sometimes barred the superficial palmar surface) once rypes the palate (Fig. Expository essay pdf dance femo- ral osteotomy (also referred to as the profunda femor- is due) joins the orthopaedic basic model of 5th grade student council essays recently venous system proximally to maintain the left femoral head.

greeting goofs are squeezed closed. Injuries distal to the treatment are closed to create distal blood flow. (Sung with most from Goldman MP (1991) Sclerotherapy Electrification of varicose and telangiectatic leg ulcers.


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Research Essay Format

Research Essay Format

December 2nd, 2010

How to get A+ choosing from right research essay formats

There are many types of writing tasks – essays, coursepapers, thesis papers and many others. When writing it is extremely important to fill the requirements. One has to stick to the demands and to follow the requirements of the research essay format. Sometimes students are so busy and short for time that they do not see any difference among various research essay formats. However, it is extremely important that every student knew what to do and how. Very often bad formating influences decision of the teacher and decreases the grade. In order to avoid any misunderstanding later, student should have serious attitude to the writing task as academic essay writing is extremely demanding and challenging.
Some general research essay format requirements are common for almost all types of academic writings.

1.Essay should be written on a standard clean paper of good quality 8 ½” x 11” using only one side.

Margings

Margings should be 1” at each side (which is 2.5 cm). It means that the top, bottom, right and left sides should be equal. It is easy to see whether margings are made properly without any special measures as 1” is about 10 spaces. Number of the page should be placed at the upper-right top of the page at the distance of ½” from the top.

Title

Title page is not a must. That is why, you should have a consult with your teacher on this issue. Also you can follow any reputable handbook. If your college has any, learn the demands and stick to them. If not, ask your teacher to recommend you some. In case you do not need the title, begin numeration from 1 at the first page. In case there is the title, start from the second page with number 2.

Signing

Signing is also extremely important. It distinguishes you as a responsible and conscientious writer who pays attention to each detail. If you are unsure how to write name of the essay, or how to put your data down, discuss it with your teacher. Traditionally it looks like the following:

20 November 2010

Between each line should be double space. It is recommended not to type the title in bold font. What is more, capital letters and quotation marks are extra. No underliyng and periods. If there are any proper names of people or any names of places should be written from a capital letter according to the spelling rules. For example, Victor Hugo and his works.

Research essay formats are multiple and there are many small requirements which are very important. Many students think that their exellentl custom written essay will bring them great points. However, in order to get A+ formating should be perfect. That is why, it is not enough just to write a creative essay employing skilfull essay techniques .Write to us in case you need any assisstance.

Help With Writing Descriptive Essays

Help With Writing Descriptive Essays An Excellent Descriptive Essay Sample From CustomEssayPapers.com What You Should Know About Descriptive Essays

Out of all the academic papers, the descriptive essay is the one that requires the most expertise at using the sensory connotation of written words. When writing this type of essay select vocabulary words that will have more of an effect of feelings and less on the bases of the explicit meaning of the word. If you are not familiar with these concepts, ask your proctor or some other expert on the subject. You can also drop in at Custom Essay Papers.com . The associates are experienced in the field of technical and academic writing, and they are waiting and willing to assist you. The associates at Custom Essay Papers.com have produced descriptive essays for many satisfied and returning clients.

What is a research paper ? Well, to put it in simple terms, a research paper is a paper that is written after a methodical and organized investigation of a subject has been performed. The research is conducted to collect facts, principals, and information on the subject. The research process requires critical thinking, source evaluation, organization.

Descriptive Essay Writing Help

There are many types of research papers. One of them is the descriptive essay which describes problems, trends, patterns, information, or events. This type of paper is not easy to write and can be especially daunting to writers who do not understand the process of research paper writing . First of all, the writer must think of a good research paper topic . Next, a descriptive research study of the subject should be performed. This study will help the writer ascertain and describe the characteristics and various aspects of the subject. However, the writer must also have knowledge of the idioms of the language and possess the ability to create a clear written description of the data and views. A vivid image must be created in the mind of the reader. It is also important to remember that this type of essay is not based on opinion but should provide information; therefore, the writer must thoroughly research his subject.

Organization is the key to writing a good descriptive essay. Follow the steps outlined below:

There are many http://customessaypapers.com/articles/research-methodology-format/ Two of them are the qualitative research method and the quantitative research method. Research methodology is the section of a research proposal in which the methods to be used are described.

Guidelines for Writing a Good Descriptive Essay

Writing a Descriptive Essay

  • Take the time to recreate the picture in your imagination. Intensify your perception of the sights, sounds, smells, textures, and tastes that you wish to convey to your readers.
  • Decide on the thesis or the message that you will convey in your article.
  • Carefully select from the collective sensations you created just those images that will effectively support your stand in this matter.
  • Use vivid names, action words, and place descriptions effectively in sentences.
  • Emphasize details that you feel are the most important and will leave an impact in the mind of the reader.
  • Research Paper Cover Page (Your name, Instructor’s Name, Date of the Submission, Title)
  • Research Paper Table of Contents (Guide to Specific Pages)
  • Research Paper Introduction (Thesis Statement and Main Idea)
  • Research Paper Body (Information)
  • Research Paper Conclusion (Summarize the Entire Paper)
  • Research Paper Bibliography (Cite Sources)

Research Paper Title

Assure that the research paper’s title is compelling. The title should be interesting and catch the reader’s attention. Titles can be generated after the paper is written. Brainstorming is also helpful in deciding on a good title.

Research Paper Introduction

Make your introduction brief and do not become too wordy. Instead state the main idea and shortly afterward wrap up the introduction and move on to the next part of your paper.

Some of the research paper types are:

  • Case Study Research Paper
  • Observational Research Paper
  • Developmental Research Paper
  • Science Research Paper

If a student is not familiar with the concepts of writing a descriptive essay, it would be wise to ask a proctor to answer research paper questions .

Great Descriptive Essay Topics
  • How Cybercrime Affects our Lives ( Give examples and describe the chaos cyber crime created in someone’s life)
  • The Consequence of Poverty on Children ( Describe the effect poverty have on children)
  • Examining the Topic of Teenage Pregnancy (Explain and describe the connection between peer pressure and teenage pregnancy)
  • Children and Exercise (Compare and describe the exercise habits of children in the past and present)
  • Growth and Development of Premature Babies (Describe the stages of development for premature babies)
  • Teens who Refuse Birth Control ( Describe the mindset of teens who refuse birth control when it is readily available)
  • Factors that Contribute to Effective Learning in the Classroom (Describe the teaching methods used by effective teachers; describe the learning culture of the school)
  • Gangs in Small Cities (Describe the culture of gangs in small cities vs gangs in large cities)
  • Examining Girl Gangs ( Describe the persona of a girl gang member and what motivates her to become a member)
  • How Technology Contribute to Obesity (Describe the daily routine of an individual in the present and describe the daily routine of an individual twenty years ago)
  • Teenage Binge Drinking (Describe consequences of underage binge drinking)
  • The Plight of Homeless Women and Children (Describe the life of homeless women and children and the plight they face)
  • How Unemployment Affects Men (Describe how men feel that unemployment affects their roles as a man
  • The Impact of Globalization on Culture (Describe the positive and negative impact of globalization)
  • Going Green Can be Good for Business (Describe how going green can be profitable for a business)
  • Age Bias in the Work Place (Describe how age bias can affect baby boomers)
  • Greed in Corporate America (Describe how greed in corporate America has influenced the economy)
  • Worldview (Describe the various worldviews)
  • Down Sizing in Corporate America (Describe the phenomena of downsizing past and present)
  • The Impact on Families when the Woman is the Breadwinner (Describe the impact on these families)
Your Research Paper Format

When writing a research paper the writer must provide a record of the sources used in the research, and the paper must be formatted properly. Failing to cite the paper properly could lead to allegations of plagiarism. Two of the most common used styles of citing and formatting are MLA Style (Modern Language Association) and APA Style (American Psychological Association).MLA style is used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities, and APA is used to cite sources within the social sciences.

MLA Research Paper Formatting and Citing Guidelines

  • Type & double space
  • Standard-Sized Paper (8.5” x 11”)
  • Legible 12 point font (e.g. Times New Roman)
  • One space after punctuation
  • 1 Inch margins (All Sides)
  • Create a header that numbers all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin
  • Indent the first line of paragraphs
  • Use italics for the titles of longer works
  • Research Paper Footnotes
  • Always follow your instructor’s guidelines

APA Style Research Paper Formatting and Citing Guidelines

  • Typed and Double-Spaced
  • Standard-Sized Paper (8.5” x 11”)
  • Times New Roman 12 Pt. Font
  • 1” Margins (All Sides)
  • Page header at the top of every page
  • To create a page header insert page numbers flush right. Then type “TITLE OF YOUR PAPER” in the header
  • Major sections are: Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.
  • In- Text Citations and a Reference Page
Things to Avoid when Writing a Descriptive Essay
  • Do not become disorganized while you are researching the topic. Use descriptive research methods to avoid this pitfall.
  • Do not make the introduction to long. Instead state the main idea and shortly afterward wrap up the introduction and move on to the next part of your paper.
  • Do not write a bias paper; Good research paper writing does not entail using your judgments, comments, opinions or conclusions.
  • When researching a subject in order to write a descriptive essay, remember not to look for a definitive answer or to disprove a hypothesis, but merely to search for facts.
  • Do not input how a situation affected you. For example, leave out sentences such as “I was awe struck by his great performance.” Instead, just give the facts and describe the performance. As a matter of fact, if you are using “I” you are probably not writing a good descriptive paper. The main objective for a good descriptive paper is to give facts and describe the information, problems, trends, patterns, or events.
  • When writing other types of academic papers the thesis statement is usually used to persuade or convince the reader, but avoid writing this type of statement for your descriptive research paper thesis . Instead, the thesis statement should state the focus of the paper and tell the reader what the message is going to be about.
  • Do not use the conclusion of the descriptive essay as your last chance to persuade your readers to your point of view, but use it for highlighting the details of your message and to conclude the writing.
Finishing Touches
  • Review the paper and pay attention to the overhaul effect
  • Rewrite sections that tend to tell a story rather than create a picture.
  • Make certain that your article paints precisely the picture that you intend to create
  • Proof read and edit the paper and correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling errors

As you can see, in order to write an impressive descriptive essay, vivid and appropriate, not just correct, sentence structure is a must. Knowledge of synonyms and idiomatic expressions are indispensable. Synonyms are easily found in the thesaurus and dictionary; however, idioms may only be found in special publications, and it is essential to use and understand them. When an idiom is translated into another language, either its meaning is changed, or it is meaningless. Therefore, the correct use of idioms requires knowledge of the connotations of the language that only experience can bring.

Professional Help With Writing a Descriptive Essay

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Advanced Composition and Expository Writing

Composition is exactly what its name implies -- a product composed of parts. It can be applied to any project that would require a builder to fit together multiple pieces to form a whole. In music, a composer uses notes, scales, rhythm, harmony, and volume to create one piece of music. In cooking, a chef will use ingredients, heat, timing, and appearance to create a gourmet dish. In carpentry, a carpenter would use lumber, nails, saws, measuring tools, and other equipment to create a house.

In short, composition requires more than just writing a page or two on an idea. A writer must first have his tools -- pen, paper, word processor, and a dictionary But just because he has his tools, there is no guarantee that a great literary masterpiece will be written. First, like any great architect, a writer must have an idea -- a vision -- and opinion -- a story. To sell their building ideas, an architect must have a building in mind that is more than just four walls, a roof, and a door. There should be some unique feature that makes that building stand out. Likewise, without a good idea, a writer has no place to begin.

But, even good ideas rarely make it past the dream stage. It is one thing to dream, but you must make your idea a reality. An architect can dream of the most modern office building in the world, complete with innovative ideas, materials, and visuals -- but that won't get the thing built. He now needs to move past the idea stage, into the planning stage. To do this, and architect will use a Blueprint. The blueprint is a skeletal version of the idea, that lists lengths, materials, amounts, and the order of construction by using diagrams and schematics. The writer must also have a Blueprint. Outlines are the blueprints of the writer. In them the idea is broken into sections and arranged so as to most effectively, clearly, and creatively communicate the whole idea.

BUILD YOUR WRITING

As the writer, "builds" his/her piece of writing, they must always keep the main idea in mind. Too often, an inexperienced writer will just begin writing on a topic and let the writing dictate where he/she should go. This is like living in the Winchester Mansion -- a huge mansion with doors that lead to nowhere and dead end hallways. The widow Winchester just kept adding things to her home whether they had purpose or not. Writers who do this just keep leading their readers down confusing hallways, with doors that lead nowhere.

Instead a writer must have a plan and stick to his/her plan. He/she must continuously measure and cut the lumber of their writing to make everything fit. Sentences must be edited and words must be chosen carefully.

Finally, it's time for the paint and finishing touches. Creativity is not something everyone may have. Just like a flair for interior design, many writers have that ability to get their messages across in a manner that is original, entertaining, fresh, and personal. This is called STYLE, and is a difficult element to teach. It comes from the unique way a writer sees the world, the comparisons he/she makes, their angle on life. The closest we can come is to draw attention to the elements of style used by other writers. The best way for a writer to develop style, however, is to read and read and read.

So, in this class, we will bring our tools, dream our dreams, and learn to compose our ideas into meaningful writing.

Learn about expository writing, including descriptive, narrative, argumentative, and comparative essays.

SYLLABUS ENG 305: Expository Writing/Advanced Composition


Advanced course in composition designed to relate to the specific needs and interests of upper level students with an emphasis on argumentation and research skills.

Fall Semester 2011
CMU @ MAC
ENG 305 ALPHA - Tuesdays and Thursdays - 5:00 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. Classroom T102
ENG 305 BETA -- Tuesdays and Thursdays -- 8:00 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. Classroom T10

Professor: Terry D. Skinner
email: etheriuscmu@gmail.com


TEXT :
Hacker, Diana. Rules for Writers 6th Edition (and all related workbooks)

YOU WILL NEED TO BRING THESE TEXTBOOKS WITH YOU TO EACH CLASS.

DESCRIPTION. This course is designed to develop skills in expository writing, essay construction and style. Emphasis will be placed upon planning and organizing papers, developing the essay, grammar, and editing and proofreading papers. ATTENDANCE AND LATE WORK :

Regular attendance and participation in all class activities is required. Each evening's activities will result in one participation grade for that week. On most evenings, a quiz will also be given. Points missed due to absence may not be made up unless arrangements are made with the instructor prior to the missed date. After one absence, however, no further missed assignments covered in class will be allowed to be made up.

Whether or not you are absent, it is your responsibility to turn in each of the six projects by their due date. Final grades on each project will be reduced by one-third step for each day the project has not been received. A final project not received by the due date will receive a zero.

ASSIGNMENTS AND GRADES :

You are responsible for evening activities: in-class writing assignments, out-of-class written projects, and one longer paper during the semester. Grades will be given based upon a simple percentage of the total points possible:

All assignments are expected to be typed and free from spelling, usage, and grammatical errors. Each of these errors found will result in a deduction of one-third step (ex. A to A-) from that paper’s final grade.

SPECIFIC GRADES. This is only an example. Exact assignments may vary.

Nightly Class Activity and Participation Free-writing Journal/Peer Editing (Attendance Mandatory)
Nightly Quiz Scores (Attendance Mandatory)
In-Class Writing Assignments ICW (Self-Reflection / Attendance Mandatory)


LETTER GRADES :
90 - 110 %. A
80 - 89 %. B
70 - 79 %. C
60 - 69 %. D
59% and below F

GENERAL CLASS PROCEDURES :
Unless otherwise informed, class will begin promptly at the appointed time. The first hour of class will consist of quizzes, in-class writing assignments, lecture, and/or discussion of assigned reading. All students are expected to participate. After the first break, instructions and guidelines for current projects will be addressed. Following the second break, students will peer edit and collaborate on current written projects. If approved, students may use computers to begin in-class work on projects or reading assignments. During this time I will also conference with individual students concerning their work.

TYPES OF PAPERS OR PRODUCTS COLLEGIATE PAPERS

Formal Paper #1: Profiling a Person - interview, observation, or memory

Formal Paper #2: Depicting a Place - Writing with Three Voices

Formal Paper #3: Narrating an Event - narration, action, imagery, description, characterization.

Formal Paper #4: Summarizing a Reading

Formal Paper #5: Analyzing a Reading

Formal Paper #6: Arguing a Point

Formal Paper #7: Writing a Research Paper

Formal Paper #8: Analyzing a Work of Literature

FORM PAPERS

Formal Paper #1: Definition and Classification Paper – Making use of Recursion and Comparison Forms

Formal Paper #2: Remembrance Paper – Making use of Circumlocution, Narrative Interspersion, and Description

Formal Paper #3: Comparison of Processes – Making use of Comparison, Cause/Effect and Sequence Forms

Research Paper #4: Analyzing an Issue/Proposing a Solution - Using the following writing elements: definition, classification, comparison, sequence, cause/effect, persuasion.

Introduction
Syllabus
Assignments
Schedule
Lecture 1: The Writing Process
Reading Assignments for Thursday

  • Organizing and Writing Essays
  • Prewriting and Thesis Statement Strategies
  • Getting from Subject to Thesis
Hacker: Rules for Writers pp. 2-31 and 40-57

Introduction
Syllabus
Assignments
Schedule
Lecture 1: The Writing Process
Lecture 2: The Well-Structured Essay
Lecture 4:
How to Write a Thesis Statement

Work on the Profiling a Person Paper and complete the following reading assignment:

7:30 - 8:00
Read, Study, and take notes on ALL of the following:
  • Organizing and Writing Essays
  • Prewriting and Thesis Statement Strategies
  • Getting from Subject to Thesis
Hacker: Rules for Writers pp. 2-31 and 40-57

Lecture 2: The Well-Structured Essay

Hacker: Rules for Writers pp. 2-31 and 40-57

Preclass Activity: Compose ten, one-sentence statements about "Toys"
Handout #1: What Professors Look For
Handout #2:
Lecture 3: Types of Essay
Lecture 4: How to Write a Thesis Statement
Link 1
Lecture 5:
General APA Guidelines
Lecture 6: Writing With Descriptive Language
Lecture 7: Writing Introductions and Conclusions
Lecture 8: Critiquing Peer Essays
Assignment: Choose one of the earlier "Toy" Statements and turn it into a Thesis Statement for a short, 5-7 paragraph descriptive essay . Bring the written essay with you to class next time.
Formats/Purposes

Preclass Activity: Compose ten, one-sentence statements about "Toys"
Lecture 6: Writing With Descriptive Language
Lecture 7: Writing Introductions and Conclusions
Assignment: Choose one of the earlier "Toy" Statements and turn it into a Thesis Statement for a short, 5-7 paragraph descriptive essay . Bring the written essay with you to class next time.

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit one another's "Toys" Descriptive Essay
Lecture 8: Critiquing Peer Essays
Lecture 9: Audience Awareness Lecture 10: Purpose
Lecture 11: Writing with Voice
Assignment: In three separate sections, describe your favorite childhood toy: technical, childhood, and present reflection.
Writing with Purpose

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit one another's "Toys" Descriptive Essay
Lecture 8: Critiquing Peer Essays
Lecture 9: Audience Awareness Lecture 10: Purpose
Lecture 11: Writing with Voice
Assignment: In three separate sections, describe your favorite childhood toy: technical, childhood, and present reflection. Writing with Purpose

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit your Voices writing
Lecture 9: Compare and Contrast
Lecture 10: Descriptive Writing
Assignment: Compare the "essence" of the toys of your childhood with today's toys (5 to 7 paragraphs).

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit your Voices writing
Lecture 9: Compare and Contrast
Lecture 10: Descriptive Writing
Assignment: Compare the "essence" of the toys of your childhood with today's toys (5 to 7 paragraphs).

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit your "Essence" writing
In Class Activity: Thinking about the evolution of Toys, write a 5-7 paragraph analyzing a cause/effect related to children's toys.
Lecture 11:
Using Citations in Your Writing - The APA Documentation System
Lecture 12: Plagiarism, Paraphrasing, and Scholarly Integrity
Lecture 13: Process Writing
Formal Writing #1: Write a 5-7 paragraph Definition and Classification Essay for Tuesday.

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit your "Essence" writing
In Class Activity: Thinking about the evolution of Toys, write a 5-7 paragraph analyzing a cause/effect related to children's toys.
Lecture 11:
Using Citations in Your Writing - The APA Documentation System
Lecture 12: Plagiarism, Paraphrasing, and Scholarly Integrity
Lecture 13: Process Writing
Formal Writing #2: Write a 5-7 paragraph Definition and Classification Essay for Tuesday.

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit your Definition and Classification Essay.
FINAL DRAFT DUE AT END OF CLASS
Lecture 14: Compiling the Works Cited Page
Lecture 15: Conducting Research: Locating and Evaluating Sources
Lecture 16: Cause/Effect Writing
Assignment: Formal Paper #3: Comparison of Processes Paper -- Draft Due Thursday

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit your Definition and Classification Essay.
FINAL DRAFT DUE AT END OF CLASS
Lecture 14: Compiling the Works Cited Page
Lecture 15: Conducting Research: Locating and Evaluating Sources
Lecture 16: Cause/Effect Writing
Assignment: Formal Paper #3: Comparison of Processes Paper -- Draft Due Thursday

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit your Comparison of Processes writing
Lecture 17: Revising Your Writing
Lecture 18 Research/Analysis Paper
. Analyze a Movement or Genre of Music, Literature, or Cinema for its impact upon society and that subsequent genre. Assess whether it was a positive or negative influence.
Lecture 19. Personal Portfolio Evaluation - best, worst, most-improved, most honest, best feedback, most insightful, most thought-provoking.
Assignment#1: (Formal Paper) Rough Draft. Citing sources from all ICW papers thus far, assess your growth in writing over the course of this class.
Assignment #2: Choose Research Paper Topic for next class

Preclass Activity: Use the information from Lecture 8 to trade and peer edit your Cause/Effect writing
Lecture 17: Revising Your Writing
Lecture 18 Research/Analysis Paper
. Analyze a Movement or Genre of Music, Literature, or Cinema for its impact upon society and that subsequent genre. Assess whether it was a positive or negative influence.
Lecture 19. Personal Portfolio Evaluation - best, worst, most-improved, most honest, best feedback, most insightful, most thought-provoking.
Assignment#1: (Formal Paper) Rough Draft. Citing sources from all ICW papers thus far, assess your growth in writing over the course of this class.
Assignment #2: Choose Research Paper Topic for next class

Preclass Activity: Peer edit your Self Assessment Rough Draft.

Activity: Research Paper Topics Using info from Lecture 4. Write a proposed Thesis Statement for your paper.
Lecture 20: Review Research Strategies/Research Format/ Research Log/ Abstract / Annotated Bibliography

Assignment #1: Begin Research on Paper using Research Log
Assignment #2: Revise and rewrite your best ICW paper.
Due next Tuesday . Best ICW Paper and Self Assessment Paper

Preclass Activity: Peer edit your Self Assessment Rough Draft.

Activity: Research Paper Topics Using info from Lecture 4. Write a proposed Thesis Statement for your paper.
Lecture 20: Review Research Strategies/Research Format/ Research Log/ Abstract / Annotated Bibliography

Assignment #1: Begin Research on Paper using Research Log
Assignment #2: Revise and rewrite your best ICW paper.
Due next Tuesday . Best ICW Paper and Self Assessment Paper

No Class: Thanksgiving

No Class: Thanksgiving

Research Update: Sharing Logs / refining questions
Formal Papers Due: Turn in the Final Draft of your Self-Assessment and Your Best ICW Essay.
Assignment#1: Develop your Thesis into a one or two-sentence statement.
Assignment #2: Continue Research Journal

Research Update: Sharing Logs / refining questions
Formal Papers Due: Turn in the Final Draft of your Self-Assessment and Your Best ICW Essay.
Assignment#1: Develop your Thesis into a one or two-sentence statement.
Assignment #2: Continue Research Journal

Check Research Journals and Thesis Statements
Review: Abstracts, Annotated Bibs
Activity #1: Research Outline
Activity #2: Annotated Bibliography
Due Tuesday: Outline and Annotated Bibliography

Check Research Journals and Thesis Statements
Review: Abstracts, Annotated Bibs
Activity #1: Research Outline
Activity #2: Annotated Bibliography
Due Tuesday: Outline and Annotated Bibliography

Check/Conference:
Activity: Writing the Abstract
Begin Rough Draft of Paper / Fleshing out the Outline
Research Outline and Annotated Bibliography

Check/Conference:
Research Outline and Annotated Bibliography Activity: Writing the Abstract
Begin Rough Draft of Paper / Fleshing out the Outline

Conferencing and Drafting
Rough Draft Due on Tuesday

Conferencing and Drafting
Rough Draft Due on Tuesday

Research Paper Peer Edit/Checklist
Peer Edit Research Paper and Final Conference
Final Paper Due on Thursday

Research Paper Peer Edit/Checklist
Peer Edit Research Paper and Final Conference
Final Paper Due on Thursday

Thursday 12/14
Class #15

Final Research Paper Due

Final Exam Essay

THE WRITING PROCESS

To write well one must use a process. From idea development and outlining, to drafting, revision, and editing, all writing that is intended to be read by any audience, must go through a process by which it is brought into existence, nurtured, raised, and then thrust into the world.

Student writers nearly always resist this process and many simply count a first draft as their final. They avoid prop er idea development and la ter find themselves either at a lack for something substantial to say and turn in a short, simple paper that states the obvious -- or they have too much to say and wander all over creation trying to join random ideas together.

They avoid outlining and organization a nd later lose the reader in illogical ramblings and details that do not logically flow from one to another. Likewise, when writers fail to revise their writing by throwing out ineffective details or adding additional necessary ones, they leave the reader confused and begging for explanations.

To avoid editing a piece of writing for grammar, mechanics, word choice, etc. the writer makes the boldest statement he/she can that they do not take their own message seriously.

In short, while a writer may think they are saving time and energy by cutting through the process, they will spend much more time down the road trying to clean up the mess they've made.

This section explains the prewriting (invention) stage of the composing process. It includes processes, strategies, and questions to help you begin to write.

This resource contains help for overcoming writer's block and a short series of exercises to help students begin writing.

This resource describes why outlines are useful, what types of outlines exist, suggestions for developing effective outlines, and how outlines can be used as an invention strategy for writing.

The purpose of this resource is to provide some basic instruction and advice regarding the creation of understandable and coherent paragraphs.

This section provides answers to the following research-related questions: Where do I begin? Where should I look for information? What types of sources are available?

This section covers finding sources for your writing in the World Wide Web. It includes information about search engines, Boolean operators, web directories, and the invisible web. It also includes an extensive, annotated links section.

This section includes information on what primary research is, how to get started, ethics involved with primary research and different types of research you can do. It includes details about interviews, surveys, observations, and analysis.

This section provides information on evaluating bibliographic citations, aspects of evaluation, reading evaluation, print vs. Internet sources, and evaluating internet sources.

This resource will help you become more comfortable with the uses of and distinctions among quotations, paraphrases, and summaries. This handout compares and contrasts the three terms, gives some pointers, and includes a short excerpt that you can use to practice these skills.

This resource offers advice on how to avoid plagiarism in your work—there are few intellectual offenses more serious than plagiarism in academic and professional contexts.

This resource discusses transition strategies and specific transitional devices to help students' essays and sentences flow more effectively.

MODES OF WRITING

If having to come up with clever ideas isn't enough, it's also important to understand the various approaches you might take with your writing. As we discussed on the Writing Process Page. it is very important to know the audience and purpose for your writing. Once you've determined who you are communicating to and why you are writing, you will need a strategy for reaching that audience effectively.

The descriptive writer's task is to recreate experiences in the reader's mind, using vivid language, figurative techniques, and concrete details

The narrative writer uses a story to make a point. Stories without a point may be entertaining, but they are not meaningful.

The writer explains a concept, thing, or term by description, purpose, process, and classification

The writer guides the reader through stages and steps of a process, explaining the relationships and causes/effects from one stage to the next.

The author states a problem and lists one or more solutions for the problem. A variation of this pattern is the question- and-answer format in which the author poses a question and then answers it.

Similar to Definition Writing, the author places an object or idea within categories and describes the characteristics of that category.

The author explains how two or more things are alike and/or how they are different.

Cause / Effect Writing

The author lists one or more causes and the resulting effect or effects.

The writer takes a stance on a debatable issue and supports his/her arguments with research and logic.

Writing About Literature

From summaries to critiques, the college student will eventually be required to evaluate or convey their thoughts about a specific text.

A more informal style of writing, used to chronicle a person's thoughts, feelings or experiences.

Specific writing for exam essays.

Your writing will never probably consist of only one strategy, but rather implement a combination of them to accomplish your goal.