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T o compare is to explain the similarities between things; to contrast is to describe their differences. These are the two sides of a single coin. Comparison and contrast both emphasize apparent traits, seeing that which is similar and different. Some argue that the essential nature of human thought itself is the process of recognizing similarities and differences between phenomena (Lakoff and Johnson, Metaphors We Live By ). Undoubtedly, comparison and contrast is an essential feature of many rhetorical modes, finding allowing us to describe things, to define things, to analyze things, to make an argument to do, in fact, almost any kind of writing.
W hen writers compare and/or contrast two phenomena, like Shakespearean and Italian sonnets, for example, most writers structure their essays one of four ways.
C omparison and contrast may be the primary method of development for an entire essay, but they might also be used as the method of development within a single paragraph as well. Below are two paragraphs (really the same paragraph written twice with slightly different comparison patterns of development) about car ownership. The first is organized by listing the pros first and the cons second, the alternating pattern of comparison. The second paragraph presents the pros and cons side by side in succession. Both work. The use of a transitional device (such as "On the other hand. ") is very important to signal the shift in this pattern of comparison.
The "First they compare, then contrast" pattern:
To be able to drive is undoubtedly a useful accomplishment, and the ownership of a car is for many a fact of life that reaches beyond convenience to sheer necessity. Furthermore, the owner has the privilege of travelling in door-to-door comfort, the freedom of deciding when he will travel, the value of time saved, and (if he cares for such things) the pride and joy of property. On the other hand, all possessions are a burden, and a car may rank among the heaviest. It is expensive to maintain; it makes the owner a prey to vandals, thieves, and friends who need rides. Finally, cars expose their owners to the risk of accident.
The "First they describe one trait; then the other" pattern:
To be able to drive is undoubtedly a useful accomplishment, and the ownership of a car is for many a fact of life that reaches beyond convenience to sheer necessity. On the other hand, all possessions are a burden, and a car may rank among the heaviest. It is expensive to maintain; it makes the owner a prey to vandals, thieves, and friends who need rides. Cars expose their owners to the risk of accident. Against these considerations, the owner has to weigh the privilege of travelling in door-to-door comfort, the freedom of deciding when he will travel, the value of time saved, and (if he cares for such things) the pride and joy of property.
Why a writer might choose one pattern of comparison over another depends, it seems to me, on the overall length of the comparison. If the writer is to compare a only a few points, then a "First they compare, then contrast" pattern works fine. However, if the list of comparable points is huge, then the writer might choose the "First they describe one trait; then the other" alternating pattern for fear that the reader might not be able to hold all the points about one idea in mind before getting to the second (or third) idea in the comparison. In such situations, a side-by-side, alternating pattern seems to work better. Of course, terms like "few" and "huge" above are indefinite and depend on the writer's judgment about what the audience is best able to understand.
C lick here to see the four possible patterns mentioned above side-by-side.
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When I was a high school student, I have two best friends who have two cute names: Giang and Son. Giang and Son are twin bothers. They are very similar with appearances such as eyes, face, stature…Although I have been making friend with them for long time but I have the wrong Giang and Son. However, I have seen some important features which their personalities and dream are different.
The first difference between Giang and Son is personalities. Obviously, Giang is a good- humored and sociable person. He makes everyone like him by his way of talking that is courtesy and humor. For instance, when I talk to Giang, he always tells funny stories to make me smile. Giang is a social person so I can feel close when telling each other. He always helps everyone around him who faced to difficulties. On contrast, Son is a reticent and strict person. To illustrate, he is not close and friendly person so Son does not have many friends as Giang. Everyone feels unfamiliar and careful when telling him. Son, who hears too many, speaks to few. No one dare joke with him because of his strictness. Son, who always has profound thought, looks like old persons. People said that twin brothers are similar appearances but they are vastly different.
The second different feature between Giang and Son is dream.
Clearly, with two different personalities so Giang and Son also have different dreams. Giang likes having a normal life. For example, He thinks that studying university is not necessary so he did not go to the university. He enjoys painting and going everywhere, he likes so he opens himself a painting room. Unlike Giang, Son, having more many ambitious than Giang, wants to becomes a good engineer. He is always outstands all things when he was high school student. He tries his best to learn well and his dream became a truth.
The third different feature between Giang and Son is hobby. Obviously, Giang is a good- humored and sociable person so his way of wearing is comfortable to active easily in any situation. He likes wearing T-shirts and jean with sport shoes and watching comedy films and funny stories. Otherwise, Son is a reticent and strict person so his way of wearing is also different from Giang. He likes wearing T-shirt and western style pants with leather shoes so he still quite young but he looks like a serious person. He also likes watching documentary film and listening to romantic music.
In conclusion, although twin bothers is similar appearances, they are different from dream, personalities, and hobby. Therefore, his friends and family members can realize that a person has a different personality.
However, I have seen some important features, which their personalities, dream, and hobby are different.
The first difference between Giang and Son is personalities.
– Giang is a good- humored and sociable person
– Giang is a social person so I can feel close when telling each other
– On contrast, Son is a reticent and strict person.
– He is not close and friendly person
The second different feature between Giang and Son is dream.
– Giang likes having a normal life
– Son, having more many ambitious than Giang, wants to becomes a good engineer.
The third different feature between Giang and Son is hobby
– Giang is a good- humored and sociable person so his way of wearing is comfortable to active easily in any situation.
– Otherwise, Son is a reticent and strict person so his way of wearing is also different from Giang.
Although twin bothers is similar appearances, they are different from dream, personalities, and hobby. Therefore, his friends and family members can realize that a person has a different personality.
Compare and Contrast Essay Format
March 24th, 2010
What do we need to do to write a compare and contrast essay? The first concern for you is the format. Of course after you have selected a topic, you need to be concerned with how you will present your discussions. The compare and contrast essay format must be dealt with accordingly.
Any types of essays need the three basic paragraphs. These are the introduction, body and the conclusion. All of these parts require learning skills to write them. But you should not be too concerned about these parts because we already have published articles how to write the parts. The compare and contrast essay format will involve all of them. In the introduction, you should have a general idea how you will compare two subjects. This way, your readers will have a general concept of what you are trying to talk about.
The second phase that includes the body paragraphs can then be divided into several parts. At the first part, you can do the comparison aspect of the essay goal. Then on the later half you can write the contrast or differentiating concept for the subject. But for each paragraphs, you can represent hat factors being compared with. This is done if you want to highlight the properties of the subjects instead of dividing them based on comparisons.
A compare and contrast essay format is also similar to comparative essays. Therefore you can apply what you know about writing the latter. You can use some of our essay examples for you to have an idea how to write a compare and contrast essay project.
Apples and oranges. All you need do in writing a compare and contrast essay is take two subjects and show their similarities and their differences. When writing a compare and contrast essay, the basic essay form of title, introduction, three paragraph body, and conclusion makes it one of the easiest essays to write.
Before you begin writing, brainstorm to find similarities and differences between your subjects.
Both are tree fruits, grown commercially in large orchards
Oranges tropical, apples temperate
Apple juice and orange juice
Apple juice has no pulp. Orange juice has pulp.
Pulp and peeling from oranges is used in sauce. Applesauce contains only the pulp of the pared apple.Use your essay introduction to introduce both subjects and present the points you intend to make.
Note: To avoid confusing your reader, it�s best to follow the same order of representation in each paragraph. For instance, in example one notice that the order is subject one (apples,) comparison, and then contrast and followed by subject two (oranges,) comparison, and then contrast.
You may want to try a couple of different formats for your topic in order to choose which best suits your subject. In addition, using appropriate transitions between paragraphs is very important in writing the compare and contrast essay. Transitions help your essay flow smoothly from point to point yet keep your essay on topic.
Another technique in writing the compare and contrast essay is to use cue words that links one paragraph to the next.cue words. Cue words are clues to whether you are comparing your subjects or contrasting them and make it easier for your reader to understand your points.
A compare-contrast essay is an essay in which the author describes how certain things are alike as well as how they are different. This type of essay is often assigned in school, to help students develop observational and descriptive skills. The compare-contrast essay may be used to describe physical or nonphysical characteristics of the items being discussed, or a combination of both.
When writing a compare-contrast essay, the first thing the author must do is to select those things that will be compared and contrasted. Two comparable subjects are chosen, such as works by two authors, two kinds of pets, two cities, two kinds of cars or anything else that are basically the same. This type of essay is never written with two completely different subjects, such as a car and a city, a pet and a person or any other things that are not essentially similar.
A compare-contrast essay begins with a thesis statement, which is the most important part of the essay. This sentence sets up the rest of the essay, making it clear what things will be discussed in the essay as well as an overall statement about how they are the same and how they are different. The thesis statement should bring up the main idea of the essay by introducing the subjects to be compared and contrasted, and it should include a brief mention of how they are the same and how they are different. The rest of the compare-contrast essay should be spent backing up this statement with facts and observations.
The individual items in the compare-contrast essay should each have a theme related to the main subject of the paper. The paragraphs can be organized in one of two ways. The first way is to present all of the information about one subject, followed by all of the information about the other one. Alternatively, the paragraphs can jump back and forth, the first one discussing the first item, the second paragraph covering the second item, then back to the first one for the next paragraph, and so forth, until the items have both been fully described. Either way is acceptable.
At the conclusion of a compare-contrast essay, the author must explain how the facts presented earlier prove his or her thesis statement from the first paragraph. The points regarding each item, as presented in the body of the essay, should be briefly summarized. Finally, the compare-contrast essay ends by tying the thesis statement into the summary information, logically demonstrating the truth of the original statement.Related wiseGEEK articles
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This entry was posted in Uncategorized on May 1, 2014 by Sergey Demidov.Related post: Post navigation Thoughts on “ Comparison contrast essay ”
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