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Culture of Eritrea

Culture of Eritrea

Culture of Eritrea

The culture of Eritrea has been largely shaped by its location on the Red Sea coast, as well as the area's historic links with Ethiopia. Somalia. Djibouti. Sudan. the Near East and Italy. The local culture consists of various, and often quite similar, traditions practiced by the nation's many Cushitic and Semitic -speaking Afro-Asiatic ethnic groups, in addition to those practiced by the area's Nilotic minorities. Eritrea's semi-arid terrain in the northeastern Sahel and its unique climate have also been important influences on local customs.

Contents Coffee ceremony

One of the most recognizable parts of Eritrean culture is the coffee ceremony. [ 1 ] Coffee (Ge'ez ቡን būn ) is offered when visiting friends, during festivities, or as a daily staple of life. If coffee is politely declined then most likely tea ("shai" ሻይ shahee ) will be served. The coffee is brewed by first roasting the green coffee beans over hot coals gughin a brazier. Once the beans are roasted each participant is given an opportunity to sample the aromatic smoke by wafting it towards them. This is followed by the grinding of the beans, traditionally in a wooden mortar and pestle .

The coffee grounds are then put into a special vessel, called a jebena . and boiled. A jebena is usually made of clay and has a spherical base, a neck and pouring spout and a handle where the neck connects with the base. When the coffee boils up through the neck it is poured in and out of another container to cool it, and then is put back into the jebena until it happens again. To pour the coffee from the jebena a filter made from horsehair or other material is placed in the spout of the jebena to prevent the grounds from escaping.

The host pours the coffee for all participants by moving the tilted jebena over a tray with small, handleless cups (finjal) without stop until each cup is full. Some of the coffee will inevitably miss the cup but this is done to prevent the coffee grounds from contaminating the brew. One extra cup is poured each time. The grounds are brewed three times: the first round of coffee is called awel. the second kale'i and the third bereka ('to be blessed'). The coffee ceremony may also include burning of various traditional incense such as frankincense or gum arabic .

Cuisine

A traditional Eritrean incense burner. often lit after meals and coffee ceremonies .

Typically, Eritrean cuisine consists of various stews (tsebhi ) made from vegetables and meat, and served atop a large, flat sourdough bread called injera or tayta. Many vegetarian dishes are available, since a majority of the population observe fasting at some time during the year. Eating is accomplished without utensils by tearing a piece of injera (strictly using the right hand), then scooping some stew, vegetables or salad with the bread.

On visiting an Eritrean household, it is polite to decline at least three times if asked to dine. Usually the host will say "bezay kelalem ", after which the guest may agree to dine. This process ensures that one does not seem too eager to eat at another's household.

Music Religion

It is estimated that 50% of the population of Eritrea is Christian. mostly belonging to the Oriental Orthodox tradition of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church. and the other 50% is Sunni Muslim or Sufi. [ 2 ] The rest of the population practice traditional Indigenous religions, and Roman Catholic, while others include Protestants, Seventh Day Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses. and Baháís.

Christianity

Christianity accounts for 50% of the population. [ 2 ]

Eritrea was one of the first Christian countries in the world along with its neighbour Ethiopia. With Ethiopia it was the first Christian African country turning Christian before most of Europe. Most Eritrean Christians are Orthodox but there is a large Catholic minority. There are also a few Protestants. Christianity is part of Eritrea's rich culture as most festivals during the year are based on the Christian calendar (excluding events like Independence Day). Eritrean Muslims and Christians have a mutual respect for each other.

Islam

Islam accounts for approximately 50% of the population. [ 2 ]

All Eritrean Muslims practice Sunni Muslim or Sufism. Generally, the eastern and western lowlands are predominantly Muslim while the highlands are predominantly Christian .

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Political Unrest in Yemen, Terrorism, and America - The U.S. has a tough stance when it comes to terrorism, especially in regions where terrorist groups look to take advantage of a people or a situation. In this paper I hope to answer questions pertaining to how the political unrest in Yemen began, how Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula were formed and what effects they have in the region as well as the implications to American policies and interests in the Horn of Africa area. Yemen is a poor and unstable state where the political and social problems are an issue that some groups will look to exploit while others have a vested interest in stability. [tags: Political Science]
. 3 Works Cited

2177 words
(6.2 pages)

Political Change in Ancient China - Despite the vast geographical differences throughout the area that makes up China, once the various tribes and clans were unified under a consolidated ruler, China’s empires were able to grow in size and sophistication that rivaled any civilization in the west. However, while the western civilizations saw empires rise and fall due to conquering armies from different regions, creeds, and ethnic groups, China’s political change came from within. Whereas the disenfranchised social classes in the west were made up of conquered people from differing nations, the uprisings in China came from different clans that were successful in ousting the previous ruling dynasty. [tags: Political leaders, Dynasties]
. 1 Works Cited

850 words
(2.4 pages)

Hip Hop Culture - Hip Hop culture has come from a inner city expression of life to a multi-billion dollar business. At the beginning of the new millennium it was the top selling genre in the pop charts. It had influences not only on music, but on fashion, film, television, and print. In 2004 Hip Hop celebrated its 30th year anniversary. It wasn’t big for the fact that it was still kicking. It was big because the once Black/Brown inner city culture had grown into a multi-billion dollar global phenomenon (Reeves). Hip Hop culture has provided a platform for all walks of life to speak their mind. [tags: Culture ]

1827 words
(5.2 pages)

Bangkok's Effot to Build a Positive Image of the Nation's Culture - INTRODUCTION In Bangkok, there have been a number of well managed cultural activities to preserve particularly a forever focus on the historic and religious heritage, for example, make a merit with nine temple tour of Bangkok or one day trip in Grand Palace and the temple of Emerald Buddha. Those are presented and treated as treasures of the nation’s artistic and cultural richness of the country and the people since 1965, a first year of emergence of TAT’s oversea office to promote Thailand through western eyes. [tags: Culture]
. 15 Works Cited

2881 words
(8.2 pages)

The Political Opinion and Behavior of Adolescents and/or Immigrants - Subject: the political opinion and behavior of the adolescents and/or immigrants Aim: understand how the political internet memes being non traditional forms of political participation, are able to express and influence the political opinion of voters. Background New social media are tools that allow us to reduce the price of the individual participation of discussion and action in political life, as well as strengthen the capacity of feedback. They do this by facilitating the transition from private to public segment of the information space. [tags: political participation, social media]
. 2 Works Cited

1642 words
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What is Culture? - The first definition of ‘culture’ by Oxford’s Dictionary is ‘art, literature, music and other intellectual expressions of a particular society or time’ (“Culture,” Oxford’s Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English). Anthropologist of culture, Raymond Williams argued that the term ‘culture’ was first used in reference to the cultivation of crops which was later associated in relation to the cultivation of the human mind, hence the expression ‘cultured/cultivated person’. The noun of process thenceforth grew into a noun of configuration in the later 18th century where culture meant ‘the generalisation of the ‘spirit’ which informed the ‘whole way of life’ of a distinct people’ (William. [tags: Sociology of Culture]
. 6 Works Cited

1834 words
(5.2 pages)

Culture of Critique - Americans have embraced debate since before we were a country. The idea that we would provide reasoned support for any position that we took is what made us different from the English king. Our love of debate came from the old country, and embedded itself in our culture as a defining value. Thus, it should not come as a surprise that the affinity for debate is still strong, and finds itself as a regular feature of the mainstream media. However, if Deborah Tannen of the New York Times is correct, our understanding of what it means to argue may be very different from what it once was; a “culture of critique” has developed within our media, and it relies on the exclusive opposition of two confl. [tags: American Culture]
. 2 Works Cited

950 words
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High Culture - The modern definition of ‘culture’ is the ‘art, literature, music and other intellectual expressions of a particular society or time’ (“Culture,” Oxford’s Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English). There are two principal concepts in the study of communication and culture – the materialist and the idealist view of culture. The materialist approach concerns itself with the literary criticisms of Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels, and the Frankfurt School where culture is constituted by class relations and social structure, whereas, the idealist approach concerns itself with literary criticisms of Matthew Arnold (Arnoldian), F.R. [tags: Culture ]
. 9 Works Cited

1846 words
(5.3 pages)

Culture Competence - These nine terms are all correlated and intertwined with each other. Without one, like culture, you cannot have the other, such as diversity. If one is going to work as a health care professional, they must know these terms and be able to respect the meaning of each one. A meaning of a word can differ from person to person, depending on his or her culture and upbringing. Culture in a general sense is patterns, behaviors, beliefs, values, customs and life ways that have been passed on from person to person, generation to generation, within a family and group of people. [tags: Culture ]
. 2 Works Cited

1337 words
(3.8 pages)

Balinese Culture - BACKGROUND ON THE CULTURE The island of Bali is a city among the islands of Indonesia, located east of Java and west of Lombak in the Indian Ocean. As stated in “The Anthropological Romance of Bali 1597-1972,” Bali is “in the very center of the Indonesian archipelago” (Boon 1). This island is part of the largest nation in size and population in Southeast Asia. Bali is quite complex in their belief systems, especially when perceived by the western world. Their belief system is not comprised of a singular core religion, but of a sort of amalgam of various world religions. [tags: Culture ]
. 6 Works Cited

1584 words
(4.5 pages)

Indian Culture - Religions. There are many religions that started in India. The two most well known religions are Hinduism and Buddhism. The other religions include Jainism and Sikhism, while Christianity and Islam are also practiced in India. The graph below shows the dispersion of religion in India14: Your browser may not support display of this image. The majority of people in India are Hindus as they make up 80.5% of the population, whereas Islam is in second with 13.4%. Hinduism is considered to be one of the oldest religions and the only major polytheistic religions that is currently being practice, making it unique compare to other major religions. [tags: Culture]

1454 words
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Culture is a Gift to Humans - Anthropology shows culture to us as a gift to human beings because without culture we would not exist. As described in our first reading culture is observational. As a result, anthropologists study ethnographic fieldwork. “Whether in a jungle village in Peru or on the streets on New York, anthropologists go to where people live and ‘does fieldwork.’ ” This means participating in activities and asking questions, eating strange foods, interviewing informants, and learning a new language. Above all, anthropologists are observers of culture. [tags: culture, anthropology, ]

1538 words
(4.4 pages)

The Culture and Music of Puerto Rico - The Culture and Music of Puerto Rico In the first decade of American rule, Puerto Rican culture was influenced drastically by its status as a US possession. Although the political and economic aspects of American influence were very significant, American rule also had a great impact on Puerto Rican culture. This is expressed through the development of Puerto Rican music both on the island and in the United States. Puerto Rican music not only became an important cultural icon, but also helped to determine the new identity of the Puerto Rican both on the island and the mainland. [tags: culture Cultural History Puerto Rican Essays]
. 1 Works Cited

1687 words
(4.8 pages)

The Impact of a Third Party America´s Two Party Political System - The Impact of a Third Party America´s Two Party Political System For hundreds of years, the two party system has dominated the American culture, but many people are confused by what a two party system actually means. Although a two party system is defined as two parties that are bigger than the rest, third parties have greatly impacted elections for over a hundred years. Minor parties still continuously voice their opinions in issues, causing other candidates of either major party to adopt their philosophies. [tags: Politics Political Science Studies]
. 2 Works Cited

1246 words
(3.6 pages)

Culture of Ireland - Ireland This paper will investigate the culture of Ireland by taking a look at the five characteristics. Each characteristic will be allotted its own subsections. The first section will encompass the history to illuminate the connection of a country’s struggle and their learned culture. I will communicate the key aspects that connect an individual culture to the region of the world it inhabits in the second section. In the third section, the language and art of the land are discussed to draw lines to the symbols a culture is founded upon. [tags: Irish Culture Research Paper]
. 4 Works Cited

3089 words
(8.8 pages)

Culture-Jamming and E-Literature - Culture-Jamming and E-Literature It is an act of sympathetic magic performed in the name of all who are obliged to peer at the world through peepholes owned by multinational conglomerates for whom the profit margin is the bottom line. -Mark Drey, “Empire of Signs” What is Culture-Jamming. #1 When we look for the roots of the term culture-jamming, we find that what began as billboard alteration and has come to define a host of activities which we can call media activism. Here is a look what was possibly the first billboard ever “jammed”: www.billboardliberation.com/actions/facts.pix.html. [tags: Culture Cultural Paperes]
. 5 Works Cited

2429 words
(6.9 pages)

Overview of the Culture of Los Tsachillas - Overview of the Culture of Los Tsachillas Let’s go down to South America where we find the country Ecuador, within these areas we come across a place called Santo Domingo de los Colorados but is now known as Santo Domingo de los Tsachillas. This place we come too is named after its main habitants which are known as Los Colorados but original name is Los Tsachillas. [tags: Comparative Culture, Anthropology]
. 3 Works Cited

2675 words
(7.6 pages)

National Culture and Its Relation to Media - Introduction American writer Gertrude Stein uses “There is no there there” in the book Everybody’s Autobiography to describe Oakland. She spent her girlhood in Oakland, but she perceived that Oakland was inauthentic. When she mentioned France, where she lived most of her life, she said: “It is not real but it is really there” (Stein 1970: 2). France is more tangible to her than her nation. What does the nation mean to Stein. What is the essence of nation. Watson posits that “a nation is a community of people, whose members are bound together by a sense of solidarity, a common culture, a national consciousness” (Watson 1997: 1). [tags: Media Culture]
. 23 Works Cited

2767 words
(7.9 pages)

Global Competition: Culture and Tourism - Compete in today’s global world makes the countries in any other parts of the world will compete to defend presence acknowledgement by the world. The development of all aspects of life makes the state in any hemisphere shows of wealth as well as his true identity as a country. A country’s resource wealth into the shield from the impact of the progress of the world, but it also can we take advantage to make our country as the world promotion. The development of the world culture as icons make important to maintain themselves in the middle of the era of competition, culture is a symbol of system and meaning in a human society which contained the norms and values of social relationship and be. [tags: tourism, culture, hospitality]
. 1 Works Cited

1055 words
(3 pages)

Overview of the Arab Culture - Name of Culture Arab is not a race, but is a group of individuals that are united by their culture and history (ADC, 2014). There are many different variations commonly based on a particular individual’s country of origin such as Arab Americans. Other variations are based on their social class, the level of their education, if they live urbanely or rurally, or the time they have spent in the United States (Lipson & Dubble, 2007). Most Arabs also practice Islamic religion and are Muslim. When working with an Arab or Muslim client, nurses should ask what the client wishes to be referred to so as not to offend them in any way (Lipson & Dubble, 2007). [tags: culture, middle east]
. 8 Works Cited

1674 words
(4.8 pages)

Romanticism in European Art and Culture - Of all the movements in European art, Romanticism has by far the most difficult origins to pinpoint due to the broadness of its beginnings, artistic expressions, and time frame. Inspired by “nature, an awareness of the past, a religious spirit, and an artistic ideal” (Barron’s 6), Romanticism is one of the most significant influences on European culture. By looking at modern paintings, we can see the influence Romanticism has had throughout the generations. With Romanticism, artists have been able to take painting to different levels. [tags: Romanticism, European Culture, art, Europe,]
. 11 Works Cited

2488 words
(7.1 pages)

The Underground Artist as Political Spokesperson - The Underground Artist as Political Spokesperson It has often been said that comics do not necessarily affect society as much as they reflect society. Where the latter may seem to be true, the former is the more obvious truth. The subtlety of their messages may escape the immediate notice of the average citizen, but hours, or even days later, when that person stops and uses a clever comic to illustrate a point; the artist’s statement has been made. Many subtleties appeared in the 1960’s-1970’s – no one really noticing their arrival until it was too late to prevent their existence – and many of these same subtleties made permanent changes in the way American youth perceived their world. [tags: Political Politics essays]
. 10 Works Cited

3148 words
(9 pages)

The Entrenchment of Political Systems Through Colonialism in Burma and Thailand - Between Thailand and Burma (Myanmar) military regimes have ruled for over 100 years. In this paper I shall investigate the role of colonialism in deepening and further entrenching the political system of military regimes in Burma. To show this, I will first look at the background before exploring the causal factors which help prove my thesis. I have chosen to compare Burma to Thailand because despite holding many pre-colonial similarities Thailand was never colonised, consequently many of the effects of colonialism we see in Burma, we would expect to not exist to the same extent in Thailand. [tags: Political Systems, Military Regimes,Burma,Thailand]
. 8 Works Cited

1794 words
(5.1 pages)

Hernando De Soto and the Mississippian Culture - The Mississippian culture was a mound building culture that flourished between 800 CE and 1500 CE. They were present in a territory that extended from the Appalachian Mountains, to the Mississippi River. The Mississippian culture first began to develop in the Mississippi River Valley. Many cultural traits are recognized as being a characteristic of the Mississippian culture. Although not every tribe practiced every trait considered to be Mississippian, they were discrete from their ancestors with the taking on of some, or all of these traits. [tags: History, Native Culture]
. 1 Works Cited

1563 words
(4.5 pages)

Social life and Culture: A Comparison of Qatar and the United Kingdom - This essay examines the differences in social life and culture between the sovereign Arab State of Qatar and the United Kingdom. Geographically Qatar occupies a small peninsula in the Persian Gulf with a land border with Saudi Arabia. The United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign state, comprising mainly of two islands with numerous smaller islands. The UK is surrounded by the North Sea, the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. Northern Ireland situated on the smaller of the two main islands, shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. [tags: Culture, Sociology]

1119 words
(3.2 pages)

The Geographic, Political, and Ethnic Impact European Colonialism Has Played on the Present History of Africa - There is an ongoing debate on how the current political and economic failures in Africa can be traced back to the advent of colonialism. There is a great deal of evidence that illustrates the impact that colonialism and foreign intervention has had a negative effect on the development of present history of Africa. This essay will attempt to examine the geographic, political and ethnic impact European colonialism has played on the development of the African, and how these contributions have put Africa on its current trajectory. [tags: Political Science]
. 3 Works Cited

1493 words
(4.3 pages)

The Political Structure of the Hutu Peoples - The nature of the political structure of the Hutu peoples before the 19th century is only properly understood when a multitude of other factors are examined. Aside from examining the basic political system in which the Hutu lived it must be determined why the Hutu shaped their particular system in this way. This entails the assessment of factors such as their history based off of where they came from, what their identities became over hundreds of years, and how other groups reshaped their political society. [tags: history, Hutu, ]

2108 words
(6 pages)

Eritrean and Ethiopian Political Policy - OUTLINE 1. Introduction 2. Background 3. President Isaias’ view 4. Eritrean citizen view 5. Ethiopian view 6. Reflection 7. Eritrea’s solution 8. Closing summary 9. Analytical techniques Currently the Eritrea’s political policy is a single-party presidential republic. What this means is that president of Eritrea is both the head of state and head of government. Eritrea is also a single party state, and the current ruling party is the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). Having a government where your president is both the head of state, head of government, and head of State Council and National Assembly can cause issues, and currently Eritrea has many issues that could be fixe. [tags: politics, border]
. 9 Works Cited

1852 words
(5.3 pages)

The Culture of Islam - Islam is more than a religion, it’s a culture, and as such has an effect on political, social, and economic aspects of life—this is especially true outside of the Western world. Followers of Islam believe in full submission to God and this submission is practiced in the secular realm (Taha, 114). Of the five pillars of Islam, one (the zakat) has a direct affect on economic policy and ethics. The culture of Islam has shaped economic and business guidelines In the Islamic World and continues to do so. [tags: zakat, qu'ran, ramadan]
. 13 Works Cited

1539 words
(4.4 pages)

Impact of Political Advertising - Political advertising is a part of American politics that has been around for as long as this nation has existed. Yet, in 2003, a Washington Post article titled, "Unconventional Wisdom" by Richard Morin advocates that emotional manipulation through televised media is something that is new. It should be considered common knowledge that these advertisements have specific agenda to convince and influence the emotions of the viewer be telling half truths and using images with specific sound effects to generate desired emotional responses. [tags: Politics ]
. 5 Works Cited

1213 words
(3.5 pages)

Female Political Candidacy - Female Political Candidacy Abstract Factors which influence female political candidacy were investigated. The results indicated significant gender differences on the following hypotheses: H1: Female and male political leaders will differ in their uses of interpersonal power; H2: Female and male political leaders will identify different motivations in seeking public office; and, H3: Female and male political leaders will differ in their perception of barriers to participation as political candidates. [tags: Politics Political Science]

6000 words
(17.1 pages)

Political Parties - What influences parties’ choices between clientelistic and programmatic citizen- politician linkages. In the context of democratization, many authoritarian regimes used to deploy clientelism as the main strategy for maintaining its rules (Magaloni 2006). Even in democratic institutions, parties could systematically and continuously engage in clientelism to maintain long time ruling (Piattoni 2001, Kitschelt 2007). Those hegemonic parties, once defeated in elections, faced an important choice of where to go. [tags: Politics, Clientelistic and Programmatic Citizen]

2303 words
(6.6 pages)

Class and Culture - Introduction In various societies across the globe, culture is normally seen as an enabling or limiting factor for social, political and economic progression. Through this understanding it has been established that there is a strong relationship between class and culture. This relationship has been previously investigated by researchers such as Pierre Bourdieu who identified that class affects culture and consequently, culture affects ones life chances, income and other economic parameters (Lane 2000, p. [tags: Sociology]

1765 words
(5 pages)

Creating Suckers for Consumption: MTV and Pop Culture - It would be hard for one to dispute the fact that MTV has influenced every pop culture trend since its birth in 1981. One could even say that MTV is pop culture. No other media network holds in the palm of its hand the power to control popular cultural evolution the way MTV does. What other media network has influenced and helped shape public opinion, filmmaking, newsgathering techniques, presidential politics, and world politics like MTV has. In addition to that, MTV can take credit for reconstructing the music industry (Rushkoff 126). [tags: Consumption, MTV, Pop Culture, USA, ]

1394 words
(4 pages)

Culture and Conflict - The possibility of the clash of civilizations, as seen by a quick glimpse of history, makes it evident that conflict is nearly inevitable. There are 5 key aspects that bring about problems in any given scenario. Historically, a niche is formed from a group of individuals with similar ways of life; through time the niche gains resources and adopts a religion or lack thereof. With these characteristics attributed to a group of people they are either viewed as friends or foes to neighboring communities, creating alliances. [tags: Sociology]
. 4 Works Cited

1214 words
(3.5 pages)

American Political Parties -. State- and local-level organizations typically attempt to reconcile specific local issues and conditions within these overarching strategies.” (University of Texas at Austin). The two prominent parties of Texas are the Republicans and the Democrats. There have been several different party groups in Texas such as the Whig, Greenback, and American parties. The Democrats enjoyed a strong base of support up untill the 1960’s when a new form of conservatism began to develop across the state. Texans re-evaluated their political leanings and moved from liberalism to conservatism in which the Republican party soon grew into the current dominant powerhouse of the legislature. [tags: ideology, elections, government]

580 words
(1.7 pages)

The History and Culture of Puerto Ricans - The History and Culture of Puerto Ricans ETHNICITY AND EMPOWERMENT IN THE MIGRATION EXPERIENCE The Puerto Rican people have a rich history of culture and ethnicity. Despite the many migrations of the Puerto Ricans, an intense spirit of ethnicity and cultural pride has followed these people wherever they have gone, whether that be migrations from rural areas to industrialized cities or from the small island of Puerto Rico to the vast mainland of the United States. However, the struggles of these people have become obscured over the passing of generations. [tags: Culture cultural Hispanic Essays]
. 4 Works Cited

2022 words
(5.8 pages)

The Maasai Culture And Ecological Adaptations - Introduction The Rift Valley in East Africa has been the home of pastoralists for over three thousand years. A number of different tribes migrated to Kenya, grouped by language they include the Cushites derived from Southern Ethiopia, the Nilotes, which include the Maasai, from Southern Sudan, and the Bantu. The Maa speaking people are the group from which the Maasai originated; their expansion southward into the Great Rift Valley began about 400 years ago. The second stage of Maasai expansion involved the emergence of a central Maasai alliance as well as the expansion and differentiation out of the Central Rift Valley. [tags: Maasai Culture cultural Essays]
. 10 Works Cited

3505 words
(10 pages)

Political Analysis concerning the legalization of Marijuana - America is in a midst of a revolution that isn’t about preserving the planet or choosing healthier alternatives to fossil fuels. Some citizens are deeming this revolution the “green revolution”. It is the heated debate on whether to legalize marijuana. Over the last 50 years, due to large amounts of research, the public’s awareness and perception of marijuana has changed. Whether this change is a beneficial or harmful to ones causes or beliefs is not argued in this paper. The purpose of this paper will be to take a look at the effects of the publics perception and public policy toward the issue and how that has a direct or indirect affect on politics, politicians and legislative actions. [tags: Permanent Campaign, Bipartisan Efforts]
. 6 Works Cited

2502 words
(7.1 pages)

The Mass Culture Critique And Perezhilton.Com - The past two years has seen the media landscape undergo significant developments. New technology, such as the Internet, has fuelled the emergence of new media forms and schisms within the media industry. Mario Armando Lavandeira’s Hollywood celebrity gossip website, PerezHilton.com, exploits a new brand of journalism – blogging. There are innumerable media theories which could be used to analyse such a specific example of the media. This essay will explore Mass Culture Critique and its critical relation to PerezHilton.com by investigating mass communication concepts such as hegemony, aesthetic levels, economic motivation, and passive consumers. [tags: Mass Culture Media Popular]

1835 words
(5.2 pages)