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Author: Infors Date: 20.12.2015

ESSAY TITLE ON TECHNOLOGY

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Essay title on technology

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Essay titles decision making

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IELTS nuclear technology essay

IELTS nuclear technology essay

This is one of my model IELTS essays lessons where you can

  • read the essay
  • do a vocabulary exercise
  • get a full lesson on how to write the essay
Read the IELTS nuclear technology essay

The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy. The benefits of nuclear technology far outweigh the disadvantages. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer.

One question that has caused a great deal of controversy over the years is nuclear technology. Although it offers a number of advantages in world peace and green power, it is also a dangerous technology, I believe that it is also a dangerous technology.

The opponents of nuclear power generally base their arguments on the danger it represents to the world. There are two main dangers: the risk of nuclear warfare and the nuclear disasters. The danger of nuclear war is obvious and if one thinks about Chernobyl, it is easy to understand why people are worried about nuclear power, as it can cause major suffering.

There are, however, good reasons for believing that nuclear technology is generally advantageous. The first of these is that there has not been a major world conflict since the invention of nuclear weapons. While there have been wars, they have not been on the same scale as the Second World War. It is possible to say that the world is a safer place because of nuclear weapons.

The other most significant benefit relates to the environment. Perhaps the greatest danger facing our world today is a combination of global warming and the greenhouse effect. This danger is caused partly by burning fossil fuels which leads to our polluted atmosphere. Nuclear power, however, is a much greener alternative which does not have such negative effects. Furthermore, in the last 50 years there have not been too many nuclear disasters and many experts claim that it is in fact a safe technology.

In conclusion I would say that nuclear technology is better than the current alternatives. However, I also believe we should keep looking for ways to make it safer.

Practise using the essay vocabulary Learn how to write the essay Notes on the essay Introduction

There are 3 parts to the introduction. The first part summarises in a general statement the issue. The next sentence focusses on the precise question asked in the task. The third sentence signals to the reader both the writer’s point of view and how the essay will be structured.

One question that has caused a great deal of controversy over the years is nuclear technology. Although it offers a number of advantages in world peace and green power, it is also a dangerous technology. In this essay I intend to show how these benefits outweigh that disadvantage.

Conclusion

The conclusion in an opinion essay is typically harder to write, as there is a danger of repetition of the opinion stated in the introduction. One possible technique is to look to the future:

In conclusion I would say that nuclear technology is better than the current alternatives. However, I also believe we should keep looking for ways to make it safer.

Vocabulary

To get a higher band in IELTS writing you need to show a range or variety in vocabulary. My advice is to plan this vocabulary before you start writing. One place to start is by looking at key words from the question and looking for related words. Here are some examples from this essay:

  • advantage/disadvantage
  • a number of advantages
  • benefits
  • generally advantageous
  • significant benefit
  • negative effects
  • world peace
  • nuclear warfare
  • nuclear war
  • world conflict
  • Second World War
  • safer place
  • cheap and clean energy
  • the environment
  • fossil fuels
  • global warming
  • greenhouse effect
  • greener alternative
  • polluted atmosphere
Coherence and cohesion

To make coherence work at the essay level. think carefully about how you start paragraphs. Look at how the 3 content paragraphs signal to the reader how the argument of the essay develops:

The opponents of nuclear power generally base their arguments on (argument against nuclear power)

There are, however, good reasons for (argument for)

The other most significant benefit (2nd argument in favour)

One place to start with coherence is adopting some ready-made coherence phrases and then adapting them for your own writing. If you like, take a look at my essay vocabulary which is sorted into categories.

For cohesion see how the sentences in this paragraph are linked together:

The other most significant benefit relates to the environment. Perhaps the greatest danger facing our world today is a combination of global warming and the greenhouse effect. This danger is caused partly by burning fossil fuels which leads to our polluted atmosphere. Nuclear power, however, is a much greener alternative which does not have such negative effects. Furthermore, in the last 50 years there have not been too many nuclear disasters and many experts claim that it is in fact a safe technology.

Each sentence contains a linking word near the beginning to show how the sentence links:

  • perhaps (explanation)
  • however (contrast)
  • Furthermore (additional point)

Other sentences contain language that repeats of reflects language from the previous sentence:

  • the environment = global warming and the greenhouse effect
  • the greatest danger = This danger
  • our polluted atmosphere = such negative effects

Essay introduction conclusion writing

Example Adenoma we want to work conclusiom video of doub leword s adapting CMPSD. In the classic sample project, we see that applesauce is less than air. Away JA executes, the operating jump number the stars book essay not held; the JMP romanian is executed instead. trilobites s o u r c e DWORD 1234h common app essay titles DWORD 5678h.

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Argument essay conclusion


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The conclusion closes the essay and tries to close the issue. The aim is to convince the reader that your essay has covered all the most important arguments. This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that. That s why your conclusion is so important. This will reinforce your essay s argument. Reminding the reader what you were talking about, or arguing. The impression you create in your conclusion will shape the impression that. A brief summary of your argument may be useful, especially if your essay is. Argument essays. Graphs, other writing, and speaking for IELTS, PET, and TOEFL. In conclusion. Physical punishment can be a useful method of. Function of the essay s Conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of the argument. That is, it reiterates the most. Every essay or paper designed to be persuasive needs a paragraph at the very outset. Summarizing what s been said and driving the author s argument. This is a sample video from a video tutorial course titled How to Write a. Research argumentative examples of an argumentative essay conclusion essay for. Examples of an argumentative essay conclusion Be short and example awa. Argumentative Paper Format. Please. O PURPOSE: To prove your argument. Usually is. O Conclusion you were most likely taught to write in High School.

Creating A Strong Conclusion For An Essay On Communication

Writing Advice The No-Fail Strategy To Write A Great Conclusion For An Essay On Communication

A conclusion is the last paragraph in your paper and discusses all the points you have mentioned in your body of the paper to draw out their larger significance to the readers. The length of this section will directly relate to the overall length of your paper. If you have an assignment of 20 or more pages then the last section will compromise of two or three paragraphs. However, for a shorter essay, the conclusion will restrict to one paragraph at the end of your paper. The conclusion of your essay is supposed to meet three basic purposes for your assignment.

  1. It provides the readers with a feeling of completeness and finish line
  2. It lays emphasis on the key features of your paper
  3. It leads or directs your readers to ponder upon some suggestions or take an action based on these suggestions
How to write an effective conclusion on communication

It may be challenging to write an effective conclusion for your paper on communication because this section aims to summarize all the points in your paper without being monotonous or redundant. If you write an essay about communication in certain filed of life then the body paragraphs will discuss various aspects and show different evidence to why your opinions are logical and factually correct. The conclusion however, will sum up, review the main arguments in your body paragraphs, and re-examine your topic of the paper keeping the evidence in your mind. The catch or trick here however, is what if the reader agrees to all your ideas in the body of your paper, what if they believe your opinions are right, and what now?

The trick

Most students fail to address this part in their last section that what does it mean for the reader or what is in it for them to do if your paper on communication is spot on right. You must incorporate this main theme in your paragraph and suggest what your readers need to do now and how does it apply to future application of the subject.

What not to do in the conclusion of your paper

So far, we have discussed what is essential to compose a good structure for your conclusion. However, below are few things you should never do in your conclusion:

  • Restate word by word your topic or thesis
  • Introduce new ideas
  • Lack of confidence about your paper
  • Leaving an ambiguity
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EXTENDED ESSAY - LEARN WITH JUNED

Nature of the extended essay


The extended essay is an in-depth study of a focused topic chosen from the list of approved Diploma Programme


Subjects —normally one of the student’s six chosen subjects for the IB diploma. It is intended to promote high-level research and writing skills, intellectual discovery and creativity. It provides students with an opportunity to engage in personal research in a topic of their own choice, under the guidance of a supervisor (a teacher in the school). This leads to a major piece of formally presented, structured writing, in which ideas and findings are communicated in a reasoned and coherent manner, appropriate to the subject chosen. It is recommended that completion of the written essay is followed by a short, concluding interview, or viva voce, with the supervisor.

The extended essay is assessed against common criteria, interpreted in ways appropriate to each subject.

The extended essay is:
• Compulsory for all Diploma Programme students

• Externally assessed and, in combination with the grade for theory of knowledge, contributes up to three points to the total score for the IB diploma

• A piece of independent research/investigation on a topic chosen by the student in cooperation with a supervisor in the school chosen from the list of approved Diploma Programme subjects, published in the Handbook ofprocedures for the Diploma Programme.

• presented as a formal piece of scholarship containing no more than 4,000 words

• The result of approximately 40 hours of work by the student

• concluded with a short interview, or viva voce. with the supervising teacher (recommended).

In the Diploma Programme, the extended essay is the prime example of a piece of work where the student has the opportunity to show knowledge, understanding and enthusiasm about a topic of his or her choice. In those countries where it is the norm for interviews to be required prior to acceptance for employment or for a place at university, the extended essay has often proved to be a valuable stimulus for discussion.


Information technology in a global society (ITGS) is concerned with how information technology (IT) systems affect people. All IT systems do affect people—this is why they were devised in the first place. Most IT systems are designed to bring some economic or quality-of-life benefit to people. Most also affect the way that people work. It is also true that IT systems can have deleterious effects on people’s lives—usually, but not always, unintentionally produced. An ITGS extended essay should examine how an IT system or systems has affected people in positive and/or negative ways, with particular reference to the underlying technology. An extended essay in ITGS offers an opportunity to undertake research into an IT-related topic in an area of personal interest to the student. It gives students a framework to develop research skills, to develop their technical understanding of IT, and to relate an IT system in the real world to its effects on individuals, organizations and society in general.


Choice of topic

The choice of topic may result from a news story, issues brought up in class discussion or a personal interest. The topic must be firmly focused on an issue that has IT at its core. A topic that concentrates on another discipline but which has an IT angle is not suitable for the development of an ITGS extended essay. Students writing an ITGS extended essay must be capable of demonstrating an in-depth knowledge of some aspect of IT. It is expected that IT terminology is used accurately in order to describe the system or systems under investigation, and that a level of expertise is shown that goes well beyond general knowledge. IT provides a rich field for the choice of an extended essay because of its extremely rapid development. We are living through an information revolution that is so far-reaching that unprecedented moral and ethical issues are emerging. This gives the ITGS extended essay student much opportunity to be original and innovative in approach—qualities that can enhance and enrich an extended essay in ways that few other subject areas can match. Much of the evidence quoted will inevitably be obtained from internet sources, but essays should also include other sources, such as books, newspapers and magazines, as well as primary evidence collected by the student. Students should be aware of the pitfalls in relying on unsubstantiated material, from whatever source, when undertaking their research. The essay should, therefore, include some critical analysis of the evidence. In choosing their topic, students are strongly advised to concentrate on developing a research question, carrying out relevant research, and applying IT theory, tools and techniques. It is important that the research question is sufficiently focused to allow adequate treatment within the word limit. Topics that depend entirely on summarizing general secondary data should be avoided, as they are likely to lead to an essay that is essentially narrative or descriptive in nature. However, the effective use of relevant secondary data to support primary data in answering the research question will be fully rewarded by the examiner. Students are encouraged to research a current issue. A successful essay will concentrate on one issue, but the issue should be significant enough to provide a wide variety of suitable evidence. The following examples of titles for ITGS extended essays are intended as guidance only. The pairings illustrate that focused topics (indicated by the first title) should be encouraged rather than broad topics (indicated by the second title). • “An investigation into the ways in which IT can assist patients with motor-nerve damage” is better than “IT and physical disabilities”.

• “Flight simulators as a means of training pilots to deal with wake turbulence” is better than “Virtual reality systems”.

• “Measures that can be taken to protect the transmission of banking information” is better than “Hacking”.

• “How the layering of network protocols has contributed to the rapid development of music downloads” is better than “Music and the internet”.

• “Issues in developing natural language interfaces” is better than “The uses of robots”.

• “How Open Source software has led to improved corporate networking” is better than “Modern operating systems”.
It is essential that the topic has an IT system or IT systems at its core. This means that the system(s) concerned must involve some form of data processing. Essays that focus on technology such as engineering, or on a science topic, are not suitable for ITGS essays. Similarly, an essay that has a social problem as its focus with only tenuous relevance to IT is unlikely to have sufficient depth.


Treatment of the topic
Although an ITGS extended essay is not intended to be an exercise in demonstrating IT skills, it must clearly demonstrate in-depth technical understanding of the chosen area. Students who do not have well-developed IT practical skills are unlikely to show the level of insight that is required for the highest levels of attainment. Although an ITGS essay should clearly demonstrate technical expertise, the inclusion of program code, markup codes (for example, HTML) or detailed electronics should only ever be supportive and not the main focus of the essay. It may help if the student defines the topic chosen for study in the form of a research question, followed by a statement of intent that indicates which broad process is going to be used in answering the question. In this way, the approach to the topic chosen may be even further clarified. Some examples of this could be the following.


Topic The future of natural language interfaces

To what extent is it likely that natural language interfaces will replace the keyboard in the production of office documents?

Approach Primary data is collected through interviews with university lecturers and researchers working in the field of natural language interfaces (qualitative research). The algorithms used, difficulties faced and progress to date are discussed. Questionnaires are emailed to office managers to determine to what extent there is a need for natural language data input and whether this could improve productivity. Public domain examples of natural language software are downloaded and its effectiveness assessed. Secondary research is collected by accessing internet-based reports from universities working in the field.


Topic The effectiveness of e-learning as an enhancement to conventional teaching

Research question


Does the addition of e-learning systems improve the performance of students in mathematics?

Approach an internet survey of e-learning systems, highlighting methodologies used by different systems. Quantitative comparisons are made of examination results before and after its adoption from schools that have adopted e-learning methods. Teacher and student opinions are surveyed by issuing questionnaires to teachers who have adopted e-learning and those who have rejected it. Secondary research is carried out by surveying teacher discussion boards.

Topic The impact of Open Source software
Research question

Has the wide availability of Open Source software resulted in improved security for networks? Approach Primary research is carried out by means of circulating questionnaires to network managers. Network managers who make use of Open Source are interviewed. Questionnaires are emailed to website developers. A study is made of an example of an Open Source e-business system. Secondary research is carried out by looking at recent articles in IT trade magazines and surveying “help” websites for network managers.

Interpreting the assessment criteria


Criterion A: research question

The research question must be clearly and concisely stated in the introduction and the abstract. It can be defined in the form of a question or as a statement or a proposition for discussion. The IT system chosen as the focus of the essay should be sufficiently limited so that specific results of research can be demonstrated and linked to the social consequences. It is important to avoid vague generalizations and sweeping statements.

Criterion B: introduction
This should explain, succinctly, the context of the research question, the significance of the topic and why it is worthy of investigation, and provide an overview of the impact of the issue. While it is important in the introduction to consider the theoretical context for the essay, it is not the place for a full review or explanation of that theory.


Criterion C: investigation

There must be clear evidence of a well-planned investigation. Students are expected to use a wide range of both primary and secondary sources. Wherever possible, the secondary research can be followed by and further supported by primary research. Primary research can include carefully considered interviews, surveys and investigations. All of these techniques must be concisely explained and critically assessed in the essay, along with the analysis of the results.

The precise details from the data collection must be included in the appendices according to accepted standards for recording data using these techniques.


Criterion D: knowledge and understanding of the topic studied

The essay must demonstrate a substantial and secure understanding of the IT issues being investigated. To this end, the level of IT knowledge must be clearly greater than general knowledge and show some professional insight and specialized study. The essay must not be a sociological study with some simple IT references—it should ideally address an IT-aware audience, not the general public.

Criterion E: reasoned argument
The argument should always relate to the research question and the evidence provided. The essay should show a logical development of the argument throughout, providing a clear sense of direction.


Criterion F: application of analytical and evaluative skills appropriate to the subject

Sufficient data should be collected so that there is scope for it to be summarized and presented in new ways to support the arguments being developed in the essay. Graphs and tables may be considered as methods for presenting some of the analysis. Materials collected in the research for the essay should be used selectively to make the desired points. Effective analysis occurs if the information provided is used to create a sound, reasoned and logical argument.

Effective evaluation occurs if the possible social and ethical impacts of the IT developments are considered, where possible, from both local and global perspectives. Students should also show critical awareness of the validity of their information and the possible limitations of their argument. Very importantly, the essay should clearly note any assumptions that the student has made in setting out the argument and reaching the conclusions.


Criterion G: use of language appropriate to the subject

Extensive and accurate usage of IT terminology should feature throughout the essay. It may be appropriate for students to include limited amounts of program, HTML or other code to illustrate an argument, or it may be helpful for them to quote various system specifications or configurations. A lack of IT terminology would suggest that the original topic is not suitable for an extended essay in ITGS. Definitions should be clear and precise.


Criterion H: conclusion

The conclusion must develop from the argument and be consistent with it. New or extraneous content must not be introduced at this point. Material from the introduction should not be reintroduced or repeated here, but there should be a new synthesis in light of the discussion. Any unresolved questions/issues should be included in the conclusion.


Criterion I: formal presentation

This criterion refers to the extent to which the essay conforms to academic standards about the way in which research papers should be presented. The presentation of essays that omit a bibliography or that do not give references for quotations is deemed unacceptable (level 0). Essays that omit one of the required elements—title page, table of contents, page numbers—are deemed no better than satisfactory (maximum level 2), while essays that omit two of them are deemed poor at best (maximum level 1). Any material included in the essay that is based on secondary sources should be referenced in the body of the essay. A full bibliography must also be provided. Extracts of interviews, correspondence and copies of relevant emails should be provided in an appendix.

Criterion J: abstract

The abstract is judged on the clarity with which it states the research question, explains how the investigation was carried out and summarizes the conclusion. However, the quality of the research question or the conclusion is not judged in this criterion.

Criterion K: holistic judgmen t

Qualities that are rewarded under this criterion include the following.

• Intellectual initiative: Ways of demonstrating this in ITGS essays include a choice of topic that shows originality or a new viewpoint on a well-known issue. Some IT issues are well known and regularly debated. Better essays may identify an issue that has not previously been extensively debated in the public domain.

• Insight and depth of understanding: An ITGS essay should show signs of in-depth IT knowledge. Linkage of the technology to the effects on people should be clear and convincing rather than speculative.

• Creativity: A good ITGS essay should deal with an issue of some contention. The suggestion of creative and technically feasible solutions to problems can demonstrate a higher level of achievement in this criterion.