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Photo Essay: Best Dressed Iranians 2010 - Tehran Bureau

Photo Essay: Best Dressed Iranians 2010 09 Jan 2011 12:41 24 Comments

Iranians like to look good. And they'll endure a lot -- battles over hejab. the ubiquitous Basij, and nose jobs. which they wear like a badge of honor -- to put a good face forward. Given our national obsession -- at home and abroad -- it would be impossible to whittle this down to a "10 Best" list. Instead, we seek to highlight some of those who have stood out for us for their individualistic look and style. As our diaspora continues to grow, and as we incorporate the fashions of our new environment in our own style, we look forward to suggestions from you for the next fashion spotlight. Please email your suggestions to We look forward to hearing from you.

The Vahhabaghai Sisters

Years before opening their architecture/design firm in D.C. Bita and Rouzita Vahhabaghai grew up designing their own clothes and having them made during summer trips to Iran. Now, the sister-partners are developing a handbag line named after the ending of their names. The ita collection mixes architectural and graphic design influences with details hinting at Bita and Rouzita's Persian heritage, such as embossed calligraphy reproduced from vintage handbags popular in 1970s Iran. The sisters, visible in D.C.'s social scene as chapter organizers of the hip creative events Captiol PechaKucha Night, call their personal style "experimental" in a city not generally known for fashion forwardness. Though they've graduated to Dior and Diane von Furstenberg, Rouzita recalls that this experimentalist streak survives from junior high outfits which then included, "elastic wide belts with ruffles, kimono-sleeve tops, boots with wrap-up leather straps, crimped hair and washed-out lip gloss." Bita adds that "Washington is not as conservative as it may seem. The fashion and art scene here is growing and there are a lot of exciting things happening." -- Tara Mahtafar

Tara Aghdashloo

Among her peers Hafez Nazeri, Bahman Kiarostami, Hana Makhmalbaf, and other stylish scion of iconic artists, Tara Aghdashloo shines for her unapologetic love affair with fashion. Though plugged into the Toronto designer community, Tara's style philosophy centers on inventiveness rather than brands and price tags: clothes can be "cheap but classy or expensive and tacky." Her favorite boutiques include Ewanika in Toronto, Pas de Deux in New York, and Dover Street Market in London, but her favorite pieces come from her "private vintage shop" -- her mother. The strongest influence her parents' artistic backgrounds had on the evolution of her style? "The freedom they gave me to dress how I wanted," she says, citing tomboy and punk rock phases during her "rebellious" teenage years in Tehran. "They let me explore all the different sides of myself, which is why I don't have one set style I religiously replicate day after day." For her, good style is daily protocol for well-being. "Even if I'm at home, I wear my nicest kimono," the recent journalism graduate says. "Looking good makes you feel good." -- Eds.

Hooman Majd

It's hard to ignore how well put together author Hooman Majd always is. He can outdress the best of them in New York, London, or Paris. But perhaps most charmingly, his sense of aesthetics remains razor-sharp across the social and political divide. He counts Thom Browne ("the most interesting and innovative menswear designer around") and John Pearce of London ("a genius") among his favorite designers. He first became interested in fashion in high school, "when we had to wear a uniform, which I hated. I always liked my dad's sense of style, and then was influenced by the great men of style, such as Fred Astaire, Cary Grant, Bogart, and some others."

"I don't really shop," he says, "at least not very often. For jeans, I wear only Levis 501s, the vintage 1955 cut, so I get them unwashed and shrink to fit occasionally from websites that sell that line. Shoes are mostly Alden and Edward Green, and they last forever, so I don't need to shop for those too much. I like Brooks Brothers for classic staples, like button-down shirts, especially the Black Fleece line, especially on sale."

How does he maintain his high-end look? "I used to have my suits and jackets made, so I had two or three good tailors, one on Saville Row. (And I used to have my shirts made at Charvet, and I still have a few left.) As a writer, I can't really afford tailors anymore, so I'm fortunate I had a number of suits made when I was in the entertainment business and could. Most of what I wear is between ten and twenty years old. I love bespoke clothing because you can pick the fabric, the lining, and the cut unique to you -- and if you pick right, nothing you own ever goes out of style." -- Eds.

Farah Diba

Like Jackie Kennedy and Audrey Hepburn, for Iranians young and old the name Farah Pahlavi breathes rarefied elegance even today. The Shahbanou of Iran is perhaps best loved for her patronage of the arts. from helping acquire a superb collection of works for Tehran's Museum of Contemporary Art, to her support of Iranian artists and the growth of artistic movements in the country. The design of her coronation dress in 1967 sparked a lifelong friendship with Yves St. Laurent. And while Farah looked the regal queen at home and abroad, the empress remained hip enough to be painted by Andy Warhol. -- Eds.

Hamid Reza Asefi

Hamid Reza Asefi exemplifies the long lost tradition of elegance in the diplomatic corps -- an attention to detail and grooming that is all the more impressive for a member of a cadre as much as trained to ignore whatever standards of high style exist in the West or East. ("Neither East nor West. ", after all, goes the Foreign Ministry motto.) He and fellow diplomat Sadegh Kharrazi wear their well-cut suits with panache, mixing even plaids and linen into the standard diplomatic repertoire of drab grays. And Asefi's relaxed style shows that the foreign service prohibition against neckties and its dreadful official collarless shirt need not be obstacles to an elegant look. -- Hooman Majd

Mahdis Keshavarz

Mahdis is a maven of fresh style, pulled together from bits of mainstream fashion and eclectic boutiques. This Make Agency boss travels far and widely. Her style is its own culture -- urban lifestyle with hints of Middle East affinity and a shock of red lipstick. Know when you see a great funky outfit you just know you can't pull off? Mahdis can, and often does, with panache. -- Eds.


From military fatigues to camouflage sweaters and combat boots, Nazila and her sister Nooshin break every stereotype with their in-your-face, confrontational style. The duo captured the international limelight in the moving documentary The Glass House. Nazila draws from her own rough-and tumble-life in the underbelly of Tehran as inspiration for the acerbic, raging lyrics she writes for her rap songs. Proceeds from her songs go to support her work as a performing artist. -- Melissa Hibbard

Mohammad Khatami

Abolfazl Arabpour, the Giorgia Armani of clerical clothes, picked Mohammad Khatami, Iran's former president, as his most elegant customer in a 2005 interview. Indeed, Hojatoleslam Khatami wears shoes, not the slippers known as nalein traditionally worn by Shia clerics. He dons the stylish labadeh. a round-collared cloak with side slits, instead of the qaba that hangs down to the feet to hide the loose pants underneath. While most clerics opt for dark colors, Khatami surprised the country one summer when he appeared in a white cloak. "He meticulously picks the color and material for his clothes," said Arabpour. His sense of style has not diminished. -- Nazila Fathi

Nima Taherzadeh

"I enjoy quiet luxury," says New York-based fashion designer Nima Taherzadeh. who appreciates the importance of a look that is effortless. "We live in a fast-paced society where we are always on the go! When I shop for myself, I always look for things that can easily travel with me and I want to offer the same things for my clients." For his own staple items, he heads to Saks and Bergdorf Goodman. "For special pieces I buy from my favorite dealer in Paris. She has been finding me one-of-a-kind pieces for years. You can start at the Marché Clignoncourt and work your way around. You will find her and many other amazing vintage dealers specializing in jewelry, bags, and clothing."

Taherzadeh gains inspiration from every imaginable angle. He makes special mention of several Iranian friends whose work he treasures and in which he finds encouragement to keep exploring new aesthetic ideas. Among the diverse creative examples he cites are "Amir Khamneipur's clean and tailored interiors, Farah Amin's fresh take on homeware, Halle Amiralai's organic jewelry, and Aydin Arjomand's beautiful photographs." -- Eds.

Farbod Dowlatshahi

Though meticulously coiffed and impossibly polished, Farbod Dowlatshahi's impeccable fashion sense shows just enough Parisian restraint to pull it all together perfectly. Paris -- and the flagship Hermès store on the Faubourg Saint-Honoré -- may be the driving inspiration behind his style, but the gorgeous art work hanging in his Delwood offices in Dubai underscore his passion for the motherland. The former oil-refinery builder owns some 1,900 works of Middle Eastern art, many by Iranian artists. "Because of the current political situation, the only positive message coming out of Iran is the young people," the collector recently told Barron's. -- Eds.

Copyright © 2011 Tehran Bureau

Other articles

Introduction of Photography in Iran

Introduction of Photography in Iran

According to scholars and historians, the first photographer in Iran was Jules Richard, a Frenchman who, as stated in his diaries, arrived in Tehran in 1844. He served as the French language tutor of the Gulsaz family and took daguerreotypes of Mohammad Shah (reigned 1834–48) and his son, the crown prince, Nasir al-Din Mirza. To date, none of these early images has been located. Richard’s presence at the court is recorded in the 1888 Al-Ma’sir va al ‘Asar, a forty-year history of Iran compiled by I’timad al-Saltana, one of Nasir al-Din Shah’s confidantes. Photography subsequently became a serious pastime for Nasir al-Din Shah following his coronation in 1848 (fig. 1) .

A decade later, several photographers active in Tehran introduced new techniques. Many of them were army officials or personnel attached to various foreign commissions. August Kriziz, an Austrian artillery officer who taught at the new polytechnic school, the Dar al-Funun, in the 1850s, experimented with calotypes. 1 Mr. Focchetti, another instructor at the Dar al-Funun, is credited with introducing the collodion process to Iran. 2 In the 1860s, two Italian photographers Luigi Montabone (died 1877) and Luigi Pesce (1818–1891) were also active in Iran in the 1860s. 3 The most prolific among these early European photographers was Ernst Hoeltzer, a German engineer who was employed by the Indo-European Telegraph Department. Some three thousand glass plate negatives that Hoeltzer created while he lived in Iran from 1863 to the mid-1880s have survived and are today in the National Museum of Ethnology in Leiden, the Netherlands.

Fascinated by the new medium and its potential, Nasir al-Din Shah in 1863 appointed one of his favorite court attendants, Aqa Riza Iqbal al-Saltana, to learn the techniques of photography. Sometime in the 1860s, an official position was created for a court photographer, and the darkroom and photographic studio of the Gulistan Palace were in full function. In addition, the Dar al-Funun established its own photographic studio and atelier.

Nasir al-Din Shah himself became an avid photographer and in the mid-1860s began taking images of the women and eunuchs of the court—and even of his cat. Allegedly, both the shah and his court photographer received instruction from the French photographer Francis Carlhian (1818–1870), who joined the court at the specific request of Nasir al-Din Shah and his vizier, Amin al-Dawla. Carlhian not only served as the shah’s teacher (although he was never officially noted as such), but he was also responsible for bringing the medium to the attention of a wider public by importing and selling photographic equipment.

The shah’s affinity for self-portraits inspired him to teach the art of photography to another court attendant, known as Muchul Khan. Since he was also helping Nasir al-Din Shah develop and print his negatives in the royal darkroom, Muchul Khan became a trusted collaborator and was even allowed to take photos of the harem women.

By the 1870s, Nasir al-Din Shah had at least three official photographers (in addition to Muchul Khan) who accompanied him on his travels both inside and outside the capital. On his three travels to Europe (1873, 1878, and 1890), the Qajar ruler made entries in his diaries about his personal visits to well-known photographic studios. When he visited Istanbul, for example, he noted that the official court photographer, Abdullah Khan, took his portrait. Nasir al-Din Shah also commented on the quality of the Ottoman photographer’s work and technique, claiming, “Abdullah Khan khub akz miandazad”(Abdullah Khan takes good photographs).

Among the early independent photographers in Tehran was Joseph Papaziyan, who opened a studio around 1875. Years later Nasir al-Din Shah bestowed one of the most revered medals of the Qajar court on this Armenian Iranian photographer. Little is known about the activities of Papaziyan’s studio, but a few of his photos are in the archives of the Gulistan Palace Museum in Tehran. His photographic prints—decorated on the reverse with an elaborate design in four languages—provide the studio’s name, its date of establishment, and an impression of the Medal of Lion and Sun.

The other successful commercial studio in Tehran in the late nineteenth century belonged to Antoin Sevruguin (died 1933). Born in Tehran and trained in Tbilisi, Sevruguin established a studio first in Tabriz in the early 1870s and then in Tehran later in the decade. He soon became one of—if not the most— prolific and accomplished photographers of the capital city. His studio was a destination for the royal family, foreign visitors, and locals (fig. 2). Several devastating incidents marred Sevruguin’s career, including a bomb explosion in 1908 that was aimed at the house of his neighbor Zia al-Dawla, an avid supporter of the constitutional revolution. The bomb destroyed most of Sevruguin’s extensive collection of glass plate negatives. His later attempt to add motion pictures to his professional ventures proved a failure. Yet, Sevruguin persevered as a photographer, and his works can be found in many public and private collections both in Iran and outside the country, with the most notable among these being the Freer and Sackler Archives and the Gulistan Palace Museum in Tehran.

As early as 1885, Sevruguin’s photographs of landscapes and people of Iran were published in international newspapers, magazines, and books (fig. 3). His impressive collection of glass plate negatives in the Freer and Sackler Archives attests to a diverse range of subjects and interests, with a particular emphasis on dramatic lighting and exquisite composition (fig. 4). In some of his works, Sevruguin inserted himself into the composition, thus establishing his presence and that of the camera in the scene. Whether depicting the monumentality of Persepolis or a session at court (fig. 5). the photographer’s reflection or shadow at once personalized the image and transformed it into a self-portrait. Trained as a painter, Sevruguin also tended to manipulate his negatives to enhance their dramatic effect. A tree added here, a tiny balustrade cleaned up there, he personalized many of the photographs and left his trace on them.

Fig. 3

Fig. 4

Fig. 5

Fig. 6

In addition to public studios and ateliers, wealthy aristocrats established their own home studios and darkrooms, sent their sons to Europe to learn photographic techniques, and acquired a taste for studio portraiture. Mu’ayyir al-Mamalik, head of Nasir al-Din Shah’s treasury, for example, sponsored the European travel of the photographer Abdullah Mirza Qajar (1850–1909) to learn modern processes as well as photolithography. On his return in the late 1870s, Abdullah Mirza initially worked in the publishing house of the Dar al-Funun, and from 1883 he served as the official photographer of Nasir al-Din Shah’s court until the king’s death in 1896 (fig. 6). Abdullah was sent around the country to photograph new buildings and their construction, and he accompanied Muzaffar al-Din Shah (reigned 1896–1907) on his first trip to Europe.

The first decade of the twentieth century saw a remarkable proliferation of photography in Iran thanks to the introduction of more portable and affordable photographic equipment. By the end of the first decade, photographic studios and shops moved beyond the major cities and were established throughout the country, which greatly contributed to the incorporation of photography into daily life. The popularity of family albums and studio portraits testify to photography’s rapid dissemination and acceptance, while images by well-known photographers were reproduced on postcards and royal stationery. By the 1920s, newspapers and magazines started to illustrate articles with half-tone photographs. A mere fifty years after its public introduction to Iran, photography was seamlessly integrated into the fabric of daily life there (fig. 7) .


1. In this early process of making a negative, paper was sensitized to light by coating its surface with silver iodide. The British photographer William Henry Fox Talbot first introduced the process in 1841.

2. Introduced by Fredrick Scott Archer in the 1850s, the collodion process consisted of coating a glass plate negative with a light-sensitive formula dissolved in collodion immediately before taking an image. Although the process was labor intensive and required a portable darkroom for coating the plates, it greatly appealed to photographers for its ability to capture fine detail in a short exposure time. It effectively replaced all other methods of producing negatives until the 1880s, when it was replaced by the dry-plate technique.

3. Montabone accompanied an Italian mission of sixteen political, scientific, and military officers to Iran in 1862. Originally from Naples, Italy, Colonel Pesce went to Iran in 1852 to train military officers.

Fig. 1
Antoin Sevruguin
Standing Portrait of Nasir Al-Din Shah
Glass plate negative
Myron Bement Smith collection
Additional information on FSA A.4 2.12.GN.51.08 at

Antoin Sevruguin
Khiaban-i Ala al-Dawla (Firdawsi Avenue), Tehran
Gelatin silver print
Myron Bement Smith collection
FSA A.4 2.12.Up.26
Additional information on FSA A.4 2.12.Up.26

Antoin Sevruguin
Three Women
Albumen print
Stephen Arpee Collection of Sevruguin Photographs
Additional information on FSA A2011.03 B.53 at

Antoin Sevruguin
Nasir Al-Din Shah at his Desk, Hall of Mirrors, Sahibqaraniyya Palace
Glass plate negative
Myron Bement Smith collection
Additional information on FSA A.4 2.12.GN.03.06 at

Fig. 6
Abdullah Mirza Qajar
Funeral of Nasr Al-Din Shah, 1896
Collodion print
Nafisi Family Photograph Albums of Qajar Iran at

Antoin Sevruguin
Staff of Imperial Bank of Iran
Glass plate negative
Myron Bement Smith collection
Additional information on FSA A.4 2.12.GN.30.09 at

The Freer is closed for renovation and reopening in 2017. The Sackler remains open, with a full lineup of exhibitions and events both in the museum and around DC.

Iran photo essay examples

To live & let fly
Photo essay: From the Caspian Sea to fly fishing
Farzad Fadai

American portrait
Iranian-American artist Sara Rahbar
Neda Sarmast

Made in India
Photo essay: Indian community in Toronoto, Canada
Sasan Afsoosi

Video clips & photo essay: Leila Farjami poetry reading in Berekeley
Jahanshah Javid

Twinkle, twinkle
Photo essay: Galaxies, nebulas and.
Behyar Bakhshandeh

Heading south
Photo essay: Qeshm, Hormoz, Minab and Bandar Abbas
Saba Parsa

Escape from madness
Photo essay: Hilkers in Darband, north Tehran
Sasan Afsoosi

Sisters of Rock
Photo essay: Abjeez in concert in London
Parima Shahin Moghaddam

Learning from grown-ups
Photo essay: Kabul children
Hila Sharif

The safari stories
Photo essay: Africa, the realm of visual sensation
Keyvan Tabari

Mashhad on foot
Photo essay: People
Sasan Afsoosi

City of love
Photo essay: San Francisco's annual "Love Fest"
Talieh Shahrokhi

More Mehr
Photo essay: Capturing all the excitement at the Orange County Mehregan event
Talieh Shahrokhi

Shot by shot
Photo essay: Iran & Iranians
Alireza Aghakhany

Lightly dark
Naveed Nour's photography
Ali Hosseini

Ramazan postcards
Photo essay
Amir Normandi

Persepolis & more
Photo essay: Trip to Iran
Pendar Yousefi

Facing the past
Photo essay: "Iranian Weekend" at London's Victoria & Albert Museum
Parima Shahin Moghaddam

Dream dunes
Photo essay: Sand sculpting
Azadeh Azad

Persian pinic
Photo essay: "Iranian Weekend" in London
Mehrdad Aref-Adib

Bare beauty
Photo essay: Iran landscap, people & animals
Riccardo Zipoli

This big Earth
Photo essay: Panoramic pictures
Asghar Riahi

Wrapped in time
Photo essay: Iran
Mahnaz Ganji

Excess baggage
Photo essay: Rehearsals for "Suitcase" going on stage in San Francisco
Jahanshah Javid

Valley of the gods
Photo essay: A journey through the Utahwilderness
Nima Min

Photo essay: Fashion, Spring-Summer 2006
Nina Ghaffari

Into the Caspian fog
Photo essay: Above clouds on Caspian Sea drive
Nader Honarkhah

Last thing they need is bombs
Photo essay: Children at Khaneyeh Koudak Shoush in south Tehran
Mazyar Kahali

Her & him
Photo essay: People in Iran
Ali Khaligh

Peace please
Photo essay & video clips: San Francisco rally for Middle East peace
Jahanshah Javid

Here today, gone tomorrow
Photo essay: Berlin Wall
Nader Davoodi

Photo essay: Iranian football players' key stats in World Cup 2006
Nader Davoodi

Deep depression
Photo essay: Art show in 4 galleries in Tehran
Amirali Ghasemi

Too hot
Photo essay: London was so hot these past few days.
Parima Shahin Moghaddam

Nothing is impossible
Photo essay: Fans at Germany v. Argentina match in World Cup 2006
Nader Davoodi

Natural life
Photo essay: Rural Iran
Homayoun Bazargan

Far far away
Photo essay: Iran
Homayoun Bazargan

Stronger than ever
Photo essay: San Francisco Gay Pride parade
Talieh Shahrokhi

One world, one tribe
Photo essay: Exhibiting photographs by Reza Deghati in Washington DC
Jahanshah Javid

Thank you, Germany
Photo essay: Leipzig hosts Iran-Angola match
Nader Davoodi

Fans in Frankfurt
Photo essay: On the day of Iran-Portugal match
Nader Davoodi

I got that Angola feeling!
Photo essay: A day in Leipzig photo essay
Sasan Seifikar

Thank you, Germany
Photo essay: Leipzig hosts Iran-Angola match
Nader Davoodi

Fans in Frankfurt
Photo essay: On the day of Iran-Portugal match
Nader Davoodi

It was magic!
Photo essay & video clips: Two nights and three days in the California Sierras
Jahanshah Javid

A football pilgrimage
Photo essay: My adventure on the way to Nurenberg
Sasan Seifikar

New & Modern
Selections from "New Visual Culture of Modern Iran: Graphic design, Illustrations, Photography"
Reza Abedini and Hans Wolbers

Fan fever
Photo essay: Iranian fans in Nurenberg
Nader Davoodi

Color of tomorrow
Photo essay: Delivering donated art supplies for children in Tehran
Sadaf Kiani

Photo essay: Mexico destroys Iran
Jahanshah Javid

Talking at the TV
Photo essay: Thinking out loud while watching the opening World Cup match
For dAyi Hamid
Jahanshah Javid

Korean Mecca
Photo essay: A place Korean football fans call home
Aram Basseri

Blasts from the past
Photo essay: Unearthing half a century of underground revolutionary material
Jahanshah Javid

Signed, sealed & delivered
Photo essay: Shirin Ebadi in London
Mehrdad Aref-Adib

Flowers around the block
Photo essay: Neighborhood gardens
Jahanshah Javid

Walking on a beautiful life
Photo essay: Sidewalk chalk art
Jahanshah Javid

Rice talking
Photo essay: Condoleezza Rice TV news conference on Iran
Jahanshah Javid

Power of words
Photo essay: Artists of the Modern Middle East is a new exhibition at the British Museum
Mehrdad Aref-Adib

Paradise found
Photo essay: Dominican Republic
Abbas Atrvash

Marriage of civilizations
Digital designs
Reza Rowhani

On fire
Photo essay & video clips: A party in San Francisco
Jahanshah Javid

City in red
Photo essay: Abyaneh
Nader Nabavinejad

For Rudolph, Miami 2006
Photo essay
Ali Mobasser

Universal identity
Photography: Self-portraits & negative collages
Shadi Yousefian

The wild one
Photo essay: Mother's day
Jahanshah Javid

North by south
Photo essay: Traveling in Iran
Saba Parsa

Blue working girls & orange little men
Ali Mobasser

Every color you can imagine
Photo essay: Keukenhof flower garden, a genuine Dutch treat
Sasan Seifikar

To Bam & back
Photo essay: Bam before & after the December 2003 earthquake, plus Mahan
Asghar Riahi

Happy mayhem
Photo essay: Trip to Iran during Noruz
Shadi Bahar

Sweet dreams
Photo essay: Life in the Alamut region
Jafar Nasiri Shahraki

The old man and the sea
Photo essay: Bandar Lengeh
Fatemeh Farajmandi

East-West Symphony
Photo essay & video clip: Tara Kamangar's piano concert in San Francisco
Jahanshah Javid

Who's next?
Photo essay: Visiting war victims
Nader Davoodi

Beshkan beshkaneh!
Photo essay: 13-bedar celebration at Vasona Park in Los Gatos, Northern California
Talieh Shahrokhi

Green day in London
Photo essay: Sizdah-Bedar 2006 in Trent Park, North London
Mehrdad Aref-Adib

Wishing on the waterfront
Photo essay: Throwing the sabzeh in the San Francisco bay
Jahanshah Javid

Spring in Virginia
Photo essay
Ali Khaligh

Moving messages
Photo essay: Bumper stickers in Berkeley, Northern California
Jahanshah Javid

Living dead
Photo essay: Remembering the dead in the new year
Nader Davood

Saale no dar Toronto
Photo essay: Norooz in Toronto
Nader Davoodi

New year, new bonds
Photo essay: New Year's day with family & friends in Berkeley, northern California
Jahanshah Javid

Noruz in New York
Photo essay: Iranian New Year in New York
Behzad Ahandoos

Seeing red
Photo essay
Parima Shahin Moghaddam

Fire worshippers
Photo essay: Charshanbesoori in southern California
Sourena Mohammadi

Yellow to red
Photo essay: Charshanbeh Soori at friends' house in Albany, northern California
Jahanshah Javid

Birth of fire
Photo essay: Festival at Tehran's Zoroastrian cultural center
Hessam Mirsaeedi

Friendly fire
Photo essay: Charshanbeh Soori at University of Maryland
Sasan Afsoosi

No means no
Photo essay: International Women's Day, Downtown Berkeley , northern California
Jahanshah Javid

The whole town was partying
Photo essay: Breda Carnival, Netherlands
Sasan Seifikar

Love & Haight
Photo essay: Haight/Ashbury neighborhood, home of the Hippie movement
Jahanshah Javid

The kindness of strangers
Reza Khatir

Photo essay
Parima Shahin Moghaddam

Nice day for a walk
Photo essay
Jahanshah Javid

Lost doll
Photo essay
Parima Shahin Moghaddam

Snow white
Photo essay: Snowy trip up north from Tehran

Not a nuclear crisis: Chest x-rays
Mehrdad Aref-Adib

1001 beats
Video & photo essay
Pop singer Shahrzad

Rosie's birthday party
Photo essay: Friends get together half an hour north of San Francisco
Jahanshah Javid

Photo essay: Tehran bazaar & mostly Masouleh
Nima Sheikhy

Swimming in freedom
Photo essay
Model, Sanaz

The curve
Photo essay
Parima Shahin Moghaddam

Forgotten wall
Photo essay: Berkeley's Peace Wall
Jahanshah Javid

Clash of civilizations
Photo essay: Germany's Bayern Munich meets Iran's Persepolis
Nader Davoodi

Photo essay: A journey through Iran
Kodi Khadivar

Life on ice
Photo essay: New York's Rockefeller Center
Jahanshah Javid

Emshab che shabist.
Photo essay: Paris at night
Mehrdad Aref

Photo essay: Women in Tehran coffee shops
Amirali Ghasemi

Good morning New York
Photo essay: Early morning in a Manhattan apartment
Jahanshah Javid

Past photo features

Photos of the day
News and people

Here and there
photos from here and there

Iranians of the day

Museum of Contemporary Iranian Artists

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Arts & Lit features

Example Essays: Iran Hostage Crisis

1. Iran And The USA In The 1970s

Iran and the USA in the 1970s The Iranian revolution began in January 1978 and ended with the Shah's replacement by an Islamic fundamentalist government in February 1979. The subsequent seizure of the American embassy in Tehran, together with the failed rescue attempt and the Iran-Contra 'arms for hostages' scandal, represented a humiliating and painful period for American diplomacy, and is all the more remarkable for the extremely close relations previously enjoyed by the two countries. American intervention in Iran ensured a pro-western government and removed the possibili.

2. Iran's Pragmatic Confrontation with the West

U.S. and Iranian relations go back to the early 1950s, with the U.S. The Shah would never return again and would typify the beginning of the current state of Iran. Unexpectedly on November 4th 1979, as a retaliatory response to allowing the Shah reside in the U.S. for medical attention and denying his extradition back to Iran for proper prosecution, a furious crowd composed of radical Islamic students stormed the U.S. embassy compound in Tehran and took sixty-one Americans workers hostage. After 444 grueling days the hostage crisis finally ended in January of 1981. Prime Minister Ba.

3. Jimmy Carter - America's 39th President

In his defense, when he took office he landed in the middle of several major problems, such an ongoing economic and energy crisis. Jimmy was not very successful in solving the nations energy dilemma due to instability in the Middle East, which lead to the Iran Hostage Crisis.

4. Iran Contra Affair

Reza Shah proclaimed Iran was a neutral country, but Britain insisted that German engineers and technicians, who were in Iran, were spies with missions to sabotage the British oil facilities in southwestern Iran. The Angelo-Iranian Oil Company, which was owned by the British government continued to produce and market Iranian oil. The crisis also discouraged private investments inside Iran. Mossadegh, like many other Iranian political leaders, hoped the United States would help resolve the crisis. These countries were to share the profits of oil operations in Iran with the Iranian g.

5. Most Influencial Person

My family supported each other during our move from Iran to the US in 1978. My entire immediate family decided to temporarily relocate to the U.S. until the end of the political crisis. Eighteen years later, the regime in Iran is still in power and since then my family has rebuilt a new life. Another internal barrier was feeling inferior to other children because I was Iranian. I thought the hostage crisis had made many households consider all Iranians as bad people.

6. Jimmy Carter

He also failed to solve the hostage crisis in Iran and did not act strongly enough to counter the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Threw these measures Carter was able to bring down the unemployment rate dramatically.Carter also faced an energy crisis. Also, while Carter had many great ideas to solve the energy crisis, most never got passed by congress. Carter"s major problem was the Iranian hostage crisis. In November 1979 a group of supports for the Ayatollah Khomeini took 52 Americans hostage.

7. A Political Miracle on Ice

" At the time of the 1980 Winter Olympics, the United States was suffering through hard times with a high unemployment, inflation, energy shortages and the Iran Hostage Crisis. These difficult economic conditions as well as Americans watching our hostages in Iran on the news every night in some respects gave people a sense of helplessness. Although Russia and the U.S. are now working towards solutions to the Iranian nuclear situation and removing chemical weapons from Syria, Russia has supported the Iranian and Syrian leaders who have often been at odds with the U.S.

8. 70s, 80s, 90s, 00s

In 1979 angry militant Iranians who greatly opposed all western influences, especially the United States, assaulted the U.S. embassy in Tehran, which is the capital of Iran, taking 66 Americans hostage. Thirteen of the American hostages were released soon after, however for the release of the remaining hostages, Iran demanded a U.S. apology for the acts committed in support of Iran"s previous leader, his returning to the country to face trial, and the return of billions of dollars that he was said to have stashed. Negotiations between Iran and the United States did not succeed in releasing the.

9. Interview

History InterviewJason Paris1.What impact did the Cuban Missile Crisis on your community or family?". Did anything change, no, it was extremely naive, maybe even dumb.aE19.What was your attitude toward the Iran Hostage Crisis?". You need to go back to the late 40"s, early 50"s and what we did to Iran. That doesn"t make what the Iranians did right, they were a mob who in the end kind of got it back on themselves.aE20.What event in the 70"s influenced you the most?". It killed the economy, and helped to contribute to the energy crisis and the high gas prices.

10. The Mexican War/The War Against Iraq

But, in 1979, this relationship fell when Iranian revolutionaries deposed the American-backed shah and took U.S. hostages. Since then, America has tried several Iraq policies: engagement during the 1980s, armed confrontation during the 1990-91 Gulf crisis, containment through the 1990s, and now "regime changeaE, which makes replacing Iraqi president Saddam Hussein the focus of the U.S. policy.Concerning one of the policies, the United States decided to engage with Iraq during the 1980s because U.S. officials thought Saddam"s secular dictatorship could prove a useful counterweight to.

11. Terrorism

The popular image of terrorism is of extremist groups trying to rebel or promote their ideologies by blowing up airplanes, buses, government buildings, or taking hostages. The hostage crisis at the American embassy in Teheran twenty years ago was another example of terrorism based on revenge. While that incident involved the political theme of the revolution in Iran and the authorities used it to promote their Islamic ideology, those that carried out the hostage crisis took over the embassy in a fit of rage and under the euphoria of anger against anything American. They had already achieve.

12. terrorism

The popular image of terrorism is of extremist groups trying to rebel or promote their ideologies by blowing up airplanes, buses, government buildings, or taking hostages. The hostage crisis at the American embassy in Teheran twenty years ago was another example of terrorism based on revenge. While that incident involved the political theme of the revolution in Iran and the authorities used it to promote their Islamic ideology, those that carried out the hostage crisis took over the embassy in a fit of rage and under the euphoria of anger against anything American. They had already achieve.

13. The Cold War: U.S. Strategies And Policies

An attempt to establish Soviet control in Germany and to weaken U.S. influence in Western Europe, the crisis turned out to be an American victory in which Truman clearly demonstrated that the United States had a permanent interest in containing the spread of communism. The Central Treaty Organization (CENTO) was established in 1959 with Britain, Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey. The most obvious example of this policy in effect was the Cuban Missile Crisis; the Soviets had placed missiles close to American shores and lied about doing so. Under Kennedy in 1962, the Cuban Missile Crisis.

14. The Politics of Ronald Reagan

Eco Map: BioIn the year 1980, an unstable economy at home, a hostage crisis overseas, and the end of prior administrations that were not trusted at all troubled The Untied States. "In this present crisis," Reagan said in his inaugural address in 1981, "government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem." (Grimm, 2013) Reagan was stating that government was holding the economy back of its full potential. That year, there was assumption of the United States trading weapons with Iran in exchange for the return of American hostages being held in Tehran. In 1986.

15. Iraqi Oil

Iraq has been at the center of a major crisis with many countries wanting to control the flow of oil. His armies crossed into Iran in September, 1980. This began the crucial war called the Iran-Iraq War. But Iran was the weakest out of the two. The United States decided to supply the Iraqis with intelligence, and committed the US Navy to safeguarding the flow of oil out of (and the flow of money and arms into) Iraq, but secretly sold arms to Iran in order to fund anti-Communist rebels in Nicaragua, and gain influence with hostage-holding Muslim militias in Lebanon.

16. USA And Other Nations: Iraq (Pre-Gulf War)

In addition to, the fall of communism had created what George Bush had described as, "A new world order,aE and would become the first major test of how the U.S. would handle its role as the sole remaining super power in this "new world order.aE There were many challenges facing the Bush administration as to the manner in which they would handle this first major international crisis. There is significant evidence indicating that Iraq used chemical weapons against Iran during their 8-year war, which is condemned universally by the international community. Opinion polls during.

17. The United Nations Versus the European Union

"We the people of the United Nations determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of a human person, in the equal rights of men and women in nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.aEThus is stated in the pr.

18. Debate Over ETC

South Africa, Libya, Iran and Morocco have all been known to use Electroconvulsive shock therapy (ECT) as a form of torture (Chavin 1). During a hostage crisis in 1980 with Libya CIA doctors found that the prisoner had underwent electroshocks to the head and genitals.

19. 1970

1970 Racial Issues of the 70"sA main part of the 1970"s were the conflicts of blacks and whites. Because of Martin Luther King's death, blacks began to cause more violence in America"s streets. Groups such as the "Black PanthersaE became more po.

20. Ronald Reagan

With the economy out of control, inflation, interest rates, and unemployment still soaring, an American hostage crisis in Iran, and the Soviet Union on the march, Reagan defeated Jimmy Carter by a landslide, winning 489 electoral votes to Carter"s 49.

21. Cuban Trade Embargo

It is difficult for a generation of Americans to forget events such as the failed military blockade of the Bay of Pigs and threat of the Cuban Missile Crisis, when the threat of nuclear war was at hand. Right now an American can travel to Iran, where they have not only held American hostages for as long as 444 days, but have openly despised our country entitling it, "The Great Satan.aE Why must Cuba be the exception in the rule, considering embargo.

22. The Cold War

Periods of tension and crisis and periods of reduced tension and limited cooperation caused alternated relations between the Soviet Union and the United States throughout the cold war. Some of these crises included the Soviet blockade of Berlin in 1948 to 1949, threats by the Soviets to cut off access to West Berlin in which started in the 1958 and ended in 1961, the Cuban missile crisis in the early 1970's, and the U.S. bombardment of Hanoi and Hainphong in 1972. After the mid-1970's, the crisis lessened quickly mainly because of the strong and powerful nuclear deterrents pos.