Nature 2 Essay, Research Paper
Thesis: Humans need nature for a since of “otherness”.
Conserving Mother Nature
In the essay, “Very Like a Whale,” Robert Finch’s main idea is that nature should be protected because man ” has a crying need to confront otherness in the universe.” (pg. 97) He also argues that organisms have a right to exist, that humans are in jeopardy of losing contact with nature and that restricting the world to just zoos hurts mankind as well as nature. I agree with Finch, we need to protect nature. However, I disagree with Finch’s reasons. Protecting the environment is crucial because we rely on it for our existence.
Perhaps the most important reason for preserving nature is the benefits we receive from it. Although science and advanced technology are creating better ways for us to live, they have not been able to invent a way to live without the help of nature. In order to survive, we need certain conditions that only a healthy environment can give us. The primary element in those conditions is oxygen. Without it, humans would surely die; nevertheless, deforestation continues to increase. Hundreds of acres of the Amazon Rainforest are lost everyday due to economic and industrial development. What big corporations do not understand, or choose to ignore, is that the Amazon Rainforest produces around thirty percent of the Earth’s oxygen. It not only keeps humans alive, but millions of other organisms depend on it as well. Conserving the rainforest, along with other forests, will only help human survival.
Just as forests give us the oxygen we so badly need, animals and plants provide us with the nutrients we also must have to exist. To abolish a random organism that we think means nothing to us can potentially disturb the entire balance of life and ultimately effecting us in disastrous ways. For instance, when oil companies, such as Exxon or Shell, construct oil platforms in the Gulf of Mexico, the entire balance of life in the vicinity is disrupted. While nature will succeed in striking a new balance in spite of the structure, the first–almost inevitable–oil spill will destroy the ecological balance beyond repair. What this leads to is an extinction of many plants and organisms, which have a profound effect on the food chain as a whole. The organism, which was once the tuna or the red fish’s diet, has now become extinct. In return, the tuna and red fish die off because of the lack of food, which means humans no longer have them to eat. No matter how insignificant the organism may seem to humans, it plays an important role in our getting food. To ensure that the generations from now to come will have enough food to survive we must protect organisms and plants from extinction.
Oxygen and food are not the only benefits that nature provides for humans. Without the diversity of plants, mankind could not have developed such an extensive range of medicines. Aloe, a plant, aspirin, which is found in bark and Recola, a cough drop which is made from herbal blends, are just a few medications humans have acquired from nature. One of the most significant discoveries happened in 1928. Sir Alexander Fleming, a scientist, discovered a substance that was able to create a bacteria-free circle around itself. Fleming became interested in this substance and conducted many more experiments. Later, he named this material Penicillin; Dr. Fleming would never have discovered it if the fungus Penicillium did not exist. We must preserve the environment, so scientists can find new medicines that will fight diseases that threaten our existence.
Every species that exists forms an ecological equilibrium with the environment they inhabit, except for humans. We are the only species that are capable of throwing the entire balance off, and we are succeeding in that ability. With each tree that is cut down and with each organism or plant that becomes extinct, we are taking one step forward to our destruction. The solution to this problem is found in one word: protection. We must protect the forests that give us oxygen, protect the organisms that help us get food and protect the plants that enable us to fight diseases.
A thesis is the final research project conducted as the capstone to a postgraduate degree. In the United States, a thesis refers to the final project for a master's degree; only the final project for a doctoral degree is called a dissertation. In the United Kingdom, however, the term "thesis" is not widely used. The term "dissertation " is used to refer to either the final project for a master's degree or the final project for a doctoral degree.Purpose of The Thesis
The purpose of the thesis is to demonstrate that the master's student understands the field thoroughly and is capable of carrying out an extended research project. The importance of the thesis project varies from field to field. In the sciences, the thesis is usually considered a critical part of the student's education because students in the sciences must be able to conduct experiments as well as read research to stay current in their fields. In the arts and humanities, the thesis is important, but the evaluation may not be as rigorous, depending on the field and the university. In some fields, such as technical writing, students may be able to complete a practicum and forgo the thesis entirely.Timeline for the Thesis
The thesis is usually begun when the student has finished taking courses for the degree. He or she will then spend a semester or more writing the research proposal and conducting the research. After the research project is completed, the student will spend another semester or more writing the thesis. Once the student's thesis committee has approved the thesis, he or she will be expected to present their research in a public forum. If the committee is satisfied with the quality of the thesis and the presentation, the student is allowed to graduate and receive their degree.Audience and Tone
The audience for a master's thesis is their thesis committee and experts in the field. As a result, the tone is academic and professional. Students can and should use terms that are unique to their field. However, they should define these terms for clarity and to demonstrate that they have a good grasp of their meaning.Planning the Project
Because master's students are typically not well versed in conducting extended research projects, they often receive considerable guidance from their thesis committee on the planning and execution of the project. The student will draw up a detailed proposal for the project. Once it is approved by the committee, the student may have to seek approval from a university institutional review board as well if they are using human subjects or animals as part of the project.Parts of the Thesis
The thesis is typically 100 to 150 pages long. The total length depends on the discipline in which the student is seeking a degree, however. The parts of the thesis and the expectations for each section can vary widely according to the field. Students should review several examples of theses in their field as well as seek advice from their committee to ensure that their project meets the committee's expectations. The general parts of a master's thesis are:
We have a number of additional guides that offer a brief introduction to writing a thesis, depending on the subject that you are studying.
My suggestion is that you do some research regarding the US's stance on global warming to get a general idea of its response. For this type of essay, I think it would be effective if you argue for a side. For example, you can say that the US has been passive on the issue of global warming and has not take much effort to resolve it. If you take a stance, you will be able to focus your essay more rather than just vaguely trying to talk about everything.
I hope that helps. Good luck.
maddyk Threads: -
Author: Maddison Kresevic
Merged:How to create a thesis for a global warming essay?
I have an essay which I must write on global warming. I have decided to base it around a quote by Tim Flannery. The quote is ". we are the generation fated to live in the most interesting of times, for we are now the weather makers, and the future of biodiversity and civilization hangs on our actions." After researching and reading Tim Flannery's book, I'm not exactly sure what my thesis will be. I want to focus mainly on humans making changes in weather due to global warming, I'm just not sure how to word it. The essay must be at least 2000 words and argumentative. I have to show both sides to global warming, but ultimately decide on one.
I think you could start off by giving a brief history of how we have developed into what Tim Flannery calls "the weather makers". It wasn't always this way. Our progress has led to this point, and now "the future of biodiversity and civilizations hangs on our actions." That could be one way to approach an introduction, by briefly describing the past. Then slowly, you could move on to the present, talking about what are the latest trends in Unnatural weather changes and climate variations. You could maybe look up various practices and methods or tools used in weather-affecting systems and processes, and then out of all these methods, you could take a select few and talk a bit about them in your essay. Depending on what side you ultimately pick (For weather change or against, example) you should start off with the side you DON'T agree with. So for example, if you take a weather-affecting practice such as cloud seeding, which affects clouds and precipitation, and you are AGAINST weather change, then what you can do is start by talking about evidences or instances where this practice worked/was introduced. From there, you can move on to actually speaking against it, providing details about how cloud seeding is just another misguided laboratory experiment which in reality leads to the "extinction of precipitation" where it is used, causing more problems such as a high risk of drought, crop damage due to lack of rain..etc.
It could provide a nice transition where you speak about why others maybe support the opposite point of view, then moving onto why you support YOUR point of view.
Hope this helps :)
Nurvey Threads: -
Author: Syahriah Firdaus
Merged:Global warming: is it a fact or a myth? Thesis Statement
Hey guys (:
I need a thesis statement for this question: global warming: is it a fact or a myth?
I'm going to choose it's a fact but I still can't figure out a thesis statement for it :(
A thesis is a type of writing that involves an in-depth analysis of a research topic. Unlike a regular essay. a thesis is usually quite long, in-depth, and based on extensive research.  A persuasive thesis uses sound research, analysis, and commentary in order to encourage a reader to agree with the author's overarching argument. Many schools, colleges, and universities require students to submit a thesis as part of their degree requirements.Steps Edit Part One of Six:
Read a few initial research materials. While it is too early to begin fully delving into your research, you want to be sure that you have a general sense of your topic before you begin narrowing things down. Take a day or two to read some general sources surrounding your topic.  This will help you determine whether your topic is a viable one, and it might give you a sense of what your tentative thesis statement might be.Determine whether your thesis should be descriptive or prescriptive. A descriptive thesis argues that the world operates in a certain way. A prescriptive thesis, on the other hand, argues that the would should operate in a certain way.  Depending on your field of study, you might be expected to craft a descriptive argument or a prescriptive argument. A persuasive thesis can take either form.
Make a timeline. One of the most useful things you can do before you begin writing is to carefully plan the trajectory of your research, writing, and revising process. Be sure that you leave yourself plenty of time to accomplish each task, and leave yourself some leeway in case you encounter any roadblocks in your research. Depending on the length and expectations of your thesis, you might spend anywhere from a few weeks to over a year working on a thesis. Part Two of Six:
Ensure the accuracy of your research and sources. Not every source you find will be an accurate, scholarly source. Be wary of random internet searches.  Make sure that your sources have gone through a peer review process, are published in legitimate journals or with established scholarly presses, and cite their sources properly. 
Take excellent notes. Write down key pieces of information as you read your research materials, such as their thesis, methods, key terms, pithy quotations, and major sources of evidence. It can also be helpful to look through the citations of your research materials to get ideas for other sources you might read. It is important to write this information down because you will likely be reading through dozens of sources: it will be easy to forget vital pieces of information.
Cite all your sources carefully. In order to ensure that you do not plagiarize, be very careful about citing all of your sources. Whenever you quote another author, refer to another study, or paraphrase a scholarly argument, you must cite your sources.  It is the responsible thing to do, and you might suffer huge consequences for failing to cite your sources properly.
Consider whether you still believe your tentative thesis statement. After you complete the bulk of your research process, you will have a lot more expertise in your research topic. Take another look at your tentative research statement. Do you still believe it? Or does your thesis require some revision? Take some time to think hard and carefully about what your new thesis statement might be.Organize your research into an outline. An outline is a general, organized sketch of a large piece of writing. It provides a brief overview of each section of your thesis and will likely list the evidence you will use in each section.  Be sure that each stage of your thesis helps to affirm your thesis statement.
Identify the reader. The most effective thesis allows the reader to understand and hopefully agree with the author. Consider who your reader might be and what information they require to understand your topic. For most theses, your imagined reader will be someone who is conversant in your general field of study but is not an expert in your specific research topic.
Begin with a strong declaration of your argument. The best introductions include a thesis statement in their first two paragraphs. The thesis statement should be strong, clear, and concise. Make sure your reader understands what question your thesis will be answering as well as the methods your paper will use to answer that question. 
Explain why your argument is significant. The best theses are ones that are not only accurate but also meaningful. Do not just explain what your argument is: explain why you think your argument is important.  Does your thesis change the way your reader might think about history? Does your thesis posit a new method for analyzing cells? Have you uncovered a new angle on a philosophical topic? Describe what is new, interesting, and important about your work.
Provide your reader with important background information. Remember that your reader will not have done the extensive background reading that you have. This means that you have to act as a teacher, explaining what certain terms, events, dates, or methods mean and why they are significant.  Do not talk down to your reader. Rather, address your reader as an intelligent person who simply requires a summary of what you have learned during your extensive research.Part Four of Six:
Make sure each body paragraph is relevant to the thesis. A paragraph is a set of sentences unified by a single idea or closely related set of ideas. You should treat each paragraph as a separate piece of writing in order to ensure that each paragraph is well-organized and unified.  However, each body paragraph must also work in order to further your support of your overarching thesis statement. Make sure that you are not including any irrelevant information or digressions.
Use transition sentences between paragraphs. Ideally, body paragraphs will build off of one another, adding up to conclusive support for your thesis. Transition sentences can be used in between paragraphs in order to describe how two paragraphs are related. This can help orient your reader to your way of thinking, and it will also help make your thesis seem more unified. 
Analyze evidence in every paragraph. Every paragraph should include some kind of evidence, such as a quotation from a primary source (like a letter or poem), analysis from a secondary source (such as a quotation from an expert historian or the result of a previous scientific study), or the results from your own research investigation (such as the results from a survey you administer). Remember that you have to analyze your evidence: don't simply list it. Explain why you think each piece of evidence is relevant and important. If possible, try to come up with your own interpretation of the evidence. 
Provide context for your research. Consider your reader at all times.  Orient your reader to important contexts for the evidence you present.  Do not expect your reader to be able to understand the evidence as well as you can: think of yourself as a teacher who must explain the context of each piece of evidence.
Write in an objective manner. Persuasive theses are rooted in fact, not opinion or hyperbolic rhetoric. Keep your tone neutral and professional. Do not use statements such as "I think" or "As everyone should know." Instead, present your evidence clearly and analyze your evidence compellingly. This will be a more effective persuasion technique.
Consider possible counter evidence. It might be tempting to hide or minimize counter evidence that you find in your research. However, the most effective theses take such counter evidence into consideration.  Think carefully about why the counterevidence should not be as persuasive as the evidence that you present, and ask yourself why your argument is superior to that of those who might disagree with you. If you can deal with counterevidence and counterarguments in a measured and effective way, your thesis will be all the more persuasive for it.
Don't worry about perfection. Don't let the perfect be the enemy of the good. A first draft should get your ideas, evidence, and analysis on the table. However, there will likely be rough patches, confusing sections, or paragraphs that you will have to rewrite later. Don't get hung up on small details: get the large ideas on paper, and worry about the small things during the revision process.Part Five of Six:
Consider whether your evidence supports your thesis statement. After you have finished drafting the body of your essay, take a few moments to consider whether it is persuasive enough to conclusively support your thesis. Does your evidence add up to what you say it adds up to? Or does it add up to something else? It is possible that you will have to revise your thesis statement again after drafting the bulk of the essay. If you have to change your thesis statement, don't beat yourself up about it. Be proud that you are improving your essay at each stage.
Summarize the argument of your thesis. A good conclusion should remind your reader about the overarching argument of your paper. What was the purpose of the thesis? What were your methods? Especially for lengthy theses, a conclusion has to tie up the various sections together in order to remind the reader how they are all connected. 
Explain why your argument is significant. The best conclusions explain why the previous pages were important. How should your reader's mind be changed after having read your thesis? How have you shifted scholarly discussion?  Feel free to move beyond your very specific topic and discuss more general claims. 
Explore alternative explanations or weak points. A conclusion is also a great place to discuss parts of your paper that might require further thought. Are there other possible explanations for the phenomenon you discovered through your experiments? Were there variables that you did not take into consideration? Think about some of the gaps of your thesis, and address them in your concluding section.
Suggest avenues for further research. The best theses will answer their research question but then posit new, significant questions. How might this topic be pushed even further in future work? What would you like to see other scholars work on in the coming years? Has your thesis opened up new veins for scholarly work that other people might explore? Part Six of Six:
Give yourself some space from your essay. Ideally, you should take a few days off in between drafting your essay and revising it. Effective revision has to be done while you are rested, refreshed, and after you have a little bit of distance from your essay. This is an excellent time to work on other projects, catch up on sleep or housework, or do some fun activities with friends.
Pretend like you are a member of a jury. As you sit down with your thesis draft, pretend like you are somebody objective, like a jury member or a journal editor.  Try to put yourself into a different mind-space than where you were when you originally wrote the thesis. This will help you identify unclear sentences, sloppy thinking, and poor phrasing more easily.
Read your essay out loud. It can be easy to miss typos, grammatical errors, and unclear or incomplete sentences when you are reading a piece of paper. Take the time to read the essay out loud to yourself, at a slow pace. Use a highlighter to mark every word, sentence, or paragraph that seemed confusing or wrong when you said it out loud.Ask yourself whether your research question has been answered. When you finish reading the essay, consider whether the problem you initially set out to solve has in fact been solved. Be honest with yourself: is your conclusion accurate? If you were a member of a jury, would you believe that your thesis statement has been conclusively proven?  If so, great! If not, you might have to consider more serious revision such as:
Consider whether each sentence makes sense. Each sentence should be clear and concise. Stay away from long-winded, abstract, or repetitive sentences. Limit your use of jargon when possible. 
Consider whether each paragraph is well organized. Remember that each paragraph should be unified, should have an effective transition sentence to relate it to the previous paragraph(s), should have a topic sentence to describe the paragraph, compelling pieces of evidence, and compelling analysis of the evidence.  You might find that some paragraphs require more detail, and other paragraphs have irrelevant sentences that should be cut. Other paragraphs might need to be split into two separate paragraphs if they include too much information.
Write a "reverse outline. " In order to determine whether a thesis's overall structure is convincing, write a "reverse outline." A reverse outline is made up of the individual topic sentences of each paragraph that you have already written. (This is opposed to a regular outline that you write before you have drafted an essay.) Copy and paste each topic sentence into a separate document, in the order you present them in your essay draft. If the "reverse outline" makes logical sense and is convincing, it is likely that you have a solid structure for your paper. If your reverse outline is jumbled up, repetitive, or disorganized, you might have to rearrange your body paragraphs.
Use appropriately formal language. A thesis should not use contractions, slang, or swear words. Keep your essay appropriate for its scholarly context: it should be professional and objective. Check your spelling and grammar yourself. Many computer programs will help spell-check and grammar-check your essays. Sometimes these can catch errors and typos. Sometimes, however, they miss typos and might even auto-correct your writing in a way that causes further errors. Don't just rely on your computer to proofread your essay: do it yourself, at a slow pace. Be sure that you catch all grammatical errors and spelling errors.
Make sure all sources are properly cited. Double-check that every quotation and citation is properly referenced and that your bibliography is accurate.  Use whatever citation format your instructor suggests, such as MLA, APA, or Chicago. There are many citation guides that can help you ensure that your citations and bibliography are formatted correctly. Ask a friend to read your thesis. Sometimes it can be difficult to catch errors, inaccuracies, or clunky writing in your own work because you are too familiar with it. Ask your friends or colleagues if you could trade papers. You will help your colleague edit her paper if she will take a look at yours. Rely on another set of eyes to catch the mistakes that you could not catch.
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