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Are Books Becoming Obsolete Essay

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Will Electronic Technology Make Printed Books Obsolete?

Will Electronic Technology Make Printed Books Obsolete?

The world has gone through a lot of technological advancements in the last hundred years. Scientists have even managed to construct an air vehicle and successfully ride it. The invention of the computer was another important landmark in the human history. The Internet has come along and radically changed the methods of human communication. Scientists call it the Information Age. However, will innovative technologies ever replace the book or the written word as a main source of information?

This is quite an interesting question that is often asked when some new invention is made in technology. When television was invented, most people prophesied that the radio would become obsolete. Nevertheless, all those prophecies have failed. When computers became popular. many people feared that it can decrease the number of work places. They thought that this new machine would eventually replace human labor. However, we all know that computers have created more jobs. and technicians are finding new applications for computers every day.

There has been…

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Are Doctors Becoming Obsolete? The Atlantic

The Atlantic Are Doctors Becoming Obsolete?

The challenge for medicine is not only to utilize patient-focused technologies, but also to recognize the unquantifiable benefit that comes from a reassuring nod, a hand on the shoulder

The idea that physicians are going to be far less important in the medicine of the future seems to be a central assumption of many next-generation health companies, an assertion that, like undergraduate Shakespeare productions set in the present day, may once have felt daring and original, but now seems merely tedious.

The logic goes something like is: Patients are accustomed to seeking insight from their doctors but doctors are far less good at providing this advice than most patients realize. As more consumer-based tools for managing health become available, patients will recognize that they now have the means and the motivation to take care of their health better than their physicians, and medical care will move directly into their hands.

While patients may feel better by believing their physicians are delivering excellent care, this confidence may not always be warranted.

Arguably, a form of this already happens today, as patients make extensive use of non-prescription products (e.g. the Vitamin Shoppe reported net sales of $750 million in fiscal year 2010), non-traditional practitioners (e.g. total revenue received by chiropractors is estimated by Hoovers to be about $10 billion), and seek medical advice from friends on Facebook (which may have directly saved at least one life).

What these data don't convey, however, is something I've had the privilege to experience first-hand: Doctors enjoy an exceptionally durable bond with patients -- especially those patients with chronic illnesses. The level of trust reported by patients for their physicians is remarkable, and the role of physician as trusted adviser is difficult to overstate. It's a huge burden to manage disease on one's own, and it's generally reassuring to know your physician is with you at every step -- something I believe still happens, by the way, although obviously not in every case .

The problem is, while patients may feel better by believing their physicians are delivering excellent care, this confidence may not always be warranted: The reality is that the care provided by doctors is uneven and inconsistent. While the importance of "discrepancies from standard of care" (a common performance metric) has probably been overstated (the evidence base for many guidelines can be pretty thin ), it's also likely that a lot of patients would enjoy improved health if their doctors were simply better; look no further than the difficult time Peter Pronovost and colleagues have had getting physicians to do things as basic as washing hands and following simple checklists (see Better . by Atul Gawande, as well). And every medical resident knows about "gome docs," physicians who seem to provide unusually poor care, and yet are beloved by their patients. Some physicians are clearly much better than others, a phenomenon discussed with characteristic eloquence by Gawande in this wonderful essay focused on the care of children with cystic fibrosis.

So perhaps there are really two questions here: First, will doctors become obsolete? I doubt it, and suspect that reports of their demise have been greatly exaggerated. Second -- and arguably more interestingly: Should (most) doctors become obsolete -- or less provocatively, does the practice of medicine need to change? Here, the answer must be yes. We urgently need to track and review outcomes that can already be measured, and we must dramatically improve our ability to measure patient health and real-world effectiveness, so that physicians can get better, and patient care can improve.

This is a distinctly non-trivial undertaking. Medicine is a profoundly conservative discipline. Change comes slowly, and with great resistance. There's also a tremendous stake in maintaining a form of the status quo; I've also heard my share of stories about the risks of keeping score -- I've heard of hospitals trying to maintain their favorable mortality statistics by transferring sick patients before they die, and I know of the pressures on physicians to give patients the suboptimal medicines they demand or risk a scathing patient review; and I appreciate as much as anyone how metrics can deceive. how algorithms can stultify (see also here and here ), and I know how difficult it can be to capture some of the most vitally important aspects of patient care.

I am reminded of the famous quotation by management guru W. Edwards Deming -- a quote often rendered, incorrectly, as "you can't manage what you don't measure." In fact, he wrote, "the most important figures that one needs for management are unknown or unknowable, but successful management must nevertheless take account of them."

Similarly, the challenge for medicine is not only to utilize patient-focused technologies to measure more precisely and more meaningfully the quality of care our patients receive, and the quality of life they are able to enjoy, but also to ensure that we recognize the inevitable limitations of measurement, and the unquantifiable benefit that can come from a reassuring nod, from a hand on the shoulder, from an empathetic doctor. "The good physician treats the disease," Sir William Osler said. "The great physician treats the patient who has the disease."

My hope is that, informed by metrics but driven by heart, the doctor of the future will be uniquely empowered to treat both.

Image: REUTERS/Swoan Parker.

America's Rejection of the Politics of Barack Obama

The president’s belief in policies that can benefit all Americans is being repudiated by voters, in favor of a vision of politics as a zero-sum game.

The 2016 presidential race represents a vivid rejection of the Obama style. This is easy to miss: His approval ratings are climbing, and Hillary Clinton won the Democratic primary by running as his successor. But the two most dramatic and portentous campaigns of the year, Donald Trump’s vertiginous win and Bernie Sanders’s astonishing insurgency, both flew in the face of the Obama era’s premises.

The Obama style had two pillars. He brought to apotheosis the American political tradition of redemptive constitutionalism. This is the creed of Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address and Second Inaugural, Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech, and Lyndon Baines Johnson’s nationally televised speech on the Voting Rights Acts of 1965, in which he promised, “we shall overcome.” Redemptive constitutionalism holds that democracy and equal freedom really are the nation’s foundations, that slavery and Jim Crow were terrible deviations from these principles, and that, if we manage to take them seriously, to live by them, Americans will finally be free together.

Procrastinate Better

Ask yourself, is all that wasted time really rewarding? And other tips from Charles Duhigg, who wrote the book on productivity.

Why is it that the more work I have to do, the more the Internet beckons me into its endless maw of distraction? Oh Lord. I will say, appealing both to myself and to whatever blog-God might be listening, I have an hour to finish this article .

But first, isn’t this Tasty video fascinating? I’ve never thought about making buffalo-fried cheese nuggets before, but now that I’ve watched a pair of disembodied hands prepare them so expertly, I should definitely head over to Amazon and Prime me some buffalo sauce.

This is how I found myself, exhausted after leaving work at 8 p.m. one day recently, flopping onto my bed, still in my pencil skirt, and clicking open a horrific, traffic-mongering slideshow linked from the bottom of an article I was reading. It was about Stars Without Makeup or What Child Stars Look Like Now or some other rancid meat for my hungry lizard brain.

The Racist History of Portland, the Whitest City in America

It’s known as a modern-day hub of progressivism, but its past is one of exclusion.

PORTLAND, Ore.— Victor Pierce has worked on the assembly line of a Daimler Trucks North America plant here since 1994. But he says that in recent years he’s experienced things that seem straight out of another time. White co-workers have challenged him to fights, mounted “hangman’s nooses” around the factory, referred to him as “boy” on a daily basis, sabotaged his work station by hiding his tools, carved swastikas in the bathroom, and written the word “nigger” on walls in the factory, according to allegations filed in a complaint to the Multnomah County Circuit Court in February of 2015.

Pierce is one of six African Americans working in the Portland plant whom the lawyer Mark Morrell is representing in a series of lawsuits against Daimler Trucks North America. The cases have been combined and a trial is scheduled for January of 2017.

How Women Are Harassed Out of Science

The discrimination young researchers endure makes America’s need for STEM workers even greater.

When Joan was an undergraduate, in the 1970s, she asked her boyfriend why one of his roommates was finishing up a Ph.D. while another, in the same department, still had several years left.

“Barbara’s rigid,” her boyfriend said. His other roommate, Karen, had slept with her advisor, but Barbara refused to sleep with hers. Chuckling with approval, the boyfriend recounted how Karen had asked to use his waterbed, and left a pair of sexy underwear scrunched in his sheets.

Today, this kind of quid pro quo may be less common, but sexual harassment at universities persists. The spate of lawsuits, investigations, and recent resignations at the University of California, Berkeley. University of Chicago. and UCLA. accompanied by older cases leaked to the press and an increase in women going public about their experiences, have made that clear. Graduate students and postdocs are particularly vulnerable, because their futures depend so completely on good recommendations from professors. And STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) students are more dependent than others. Their career progress hinges on invitations to work on professors’ grants or—if students have their own projects—access to big data sets or expensive lab equipment controlled by overwhelmingly male senior faculty.

Live Coverage of the Democratic National Convention: Day 1

Delegates will meet in Philadelphia amid disarray in the party, following the resignation of the DNC chair, Debbie Wasserman Schultz.

The Disputed Influence of Black Lives Matter

Research suggests the movement affects voting behavior among African Americans in different ways.

The Democratic National Convention begins this week, with tense race relations as its backdrop. Black Lives Matter, born of police and vigilante violence against black Americans, has shed light on race issues in recent years and is expected to hold demonstrations in Philadelphia where the convention will be held. But while politicians and pundits treat the movement as a proxy issue for the broader problem of racial inequality in the United States to garner electoral support, it may not carry the level of influence over black Americans’ voting behavior that they often credit it with.

Republicans and Democrats remain divided on the acceptance of the Black Lives Matter movement, how to address black Americans’ concerns, and the best way to improve race relations. This as the number of Americans who worry “a great deal” about race relations in the United States doubled from 17 percent in 2014 to 35 percent in 2016, after the advent of Black Lives Matter, according to a Gallup poll. A Pew Research Center survey found, however, that only 4 in 10 Americans support Black Lives Matter, with 40 percent of whites backing the movement compared to 65 percent of blacks. When partisanship is added to the mix, the polarization is particularly stark: 64 percent of white Democrats support the movement while 52 percent of white Republicans oppose it.

From Whitewater to Benghazi: A Clinton-Scandal Primer

The State Department is reopening its investigation into Hillary Clinton’s emails, just as she puts a Justice Department investigation behind her.

Hillary Clinton is out of the frying pan and into the fire. On July 6, Attorney General Loretta Lynch announced that the Justice Department would not pursue criminal charges against the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee for her use of a private email server at the State Department. But the following day, with that criminal investigation closed, the State Department reopened its own probe into the emails, the AP reported .

State Department spokesman John Kirby told the AP that it would be looking at potential mishandling of classified information by Hillary Clinton and her top aides. Former officials could face administrative sanctions, including a loss of their security clearances—a step that would be both politically embarrassing for Clinton, and complicate efforts to staff a national-security team should she prevail in November.

The Paradox of New Buildings on Campus

Even as long-neglected maintenance threatens to further escalate the price of higher education, universities continue to borrow and spend record amounts on new buildings.

Akerman Hall is a gateway to the complex that houses the University of Minnesota’s Department of Mechanical Engineering. But wandering through it is more like an experience in archeology.

First, there’s the former airplane hangar, built in 1948 and renovated five years ago with alumni contributions into a state-of-the-art student lounge, faculty office, and lab. Then come drab cinderblock corridors and classrooms that also date from the 1940s and don’t look anywhere near as glamorous. Behind them, however, are more than $5 million of unseen upgrades the university was forced to make to elevators, sprinklers, fire alarms, and ventilation systems so old the school was buying replacement parts on eBay.

Why Did It Take Roger Ailes So Long to Fall?

The real surprise may be that some accusers were brave enough to step forward despite the likely consequences.

Somebody please tell me that Fox News eminence Brit Hume is joking.

On the day of Roger Ailes’s ouster over accusations of sexual harassment, some conservative podcaster fired off this snarky tweet:

So if Ailes let Gretchen keep her show he suddenly wouldn't have sexually harassed her and could have kept his job? That's how it works?

To which Hume tweeted back:

Really, Brit? That’s what you consider a good question regarding this whole sordid mess? I get that you and Ailes are friends, having spent 20 years in the trenches together building the network. And it made perfect sense for you to be skeptical of Carlson in the early going. To wit, your super-helpful tweet the day after news of her lawsuit broke:

Jesse Ventura’s Theory of Politics

The former Minnesota governor and professional wrestler talks about his new book and the rise of Donald Trump.

Professional wrestling is making its mark on politics. The World Wrestling Entertainment boss Vince McMahon and his wife, Linda, have been active in electoral politics and have also been major donors to conservative groups. Terrance Gerin—a long-tenured wrestler known in the WWE ring as Rhyno—is running for office in Michigan. Hulk Hogan has flirted with the idea of running for office, and Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson also seems to be exploring it.

And of course, there’s Donald Trump, who isn’t exactly a wrestler but has a long history with the WWE and does happen to be the first member of the WWE Hall of Fame to secure a party’s nomination for president. But there’s a caveat—Trump isn’t the first member of any wrestling hall of fame to secure a nomination. That honor belongs to Abraham Lincoln, who happened to be a giant and dominant frontier wrestler before all that politics stuff and was inducted into the National Wrestling Hall of Fame in 1992. The Party of Lincoln seems to have inherited his penchant for the sport, if nothing else.

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  • Are Books Becoming Obsolete? Argumentative Essay 4513

    Are Books Becoming Obsolete? Argumentative Essay

    €25.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


    This paper argues that modern-day students are less likely to read books for stimulation then in previous times. The author argues that television and the internet have replaced books as a source of information, when faced with a choice between reading a book for pleasure or watching television, they will choose the latter. The author argues that books will always exist, but due to the advances in technology, their importance has been in a steady decline.

    From the Paper:

    "People of my generation have grown up on television, CD players, videogames, and most recently, computers and the Internet. With all these graphic-intensive, interactive alternative forms of entertainment available to students, it is no wonder why they are less likely to pick up a book to enlighten themselves when they can accomplish much of the same with much less effort and thinking involved."

    Cite this Argumentative Essay: APA Format

    Are Books Becoming Obsolete? (2002, May 15) Retrieved July 25, 2016, from

    MLA Format

    "Are Books Becoming Obsolete?" 15 May 2002. Web. 25 July. 2016. < >


    Essay on Are marriages becoming obsolete in the new world order? by Pooja Gupta

    Are marriages becoming obsolete in the new world order?

    The institution of Marriage is one of the oldest, most acknowledged & common feature among all the existing civilizations that is continued to be practiced generation to generation since long. The rituals and traditions may vary but the common objective is the same i.e. to establish the institution of family that could lay the foundation of a healthy, developed, civilized & tolerant social system. It was established to signify equal status of both man & women in the society and also to minimize the social evils.

    Time changes, and so changes the interpretation and expression of marriage. In today's sceneries we can discuss the importance of marriage under two backgrounds i.e. urban culture and rural culture. In Urban areas, where gender inequality is marginal, both men and women are aspired to achieve higher in the field of education, and employment. Women are financially independent, have their aspirations, desires and professional goals. Under the influence of globalization & with the increased prominence of social media, Are marriages becoming obsolete in the new world order? everything is available readymade; be it food, purchasing, travel or even friendship. Social networking sites and other matrimonial sites are the latest fab. When it comes to marriage, people are now more mature, educated and choosy but at the same time more demanding, intolerant & prejudiced also. The new versions of sectarianism i.e. search of 'Caste within Class' has emerged. With increasing number of divorces, domestic violence, laws related to dowry, equal rights to live-in-partner and the offspring that resulted from such relations are some of the stimulating factors that has forced our new generation to think twice before marry. The recent trends reflects that people feel more interested and feel more comfortable on social networking rather than marrying to someone. Marriage brings responsibilities and discipline in life and the new world that has its own challenges, restrictions & commitments, is not ready to accept this extra-burden. However, the things are not as such they are being perceived by them but nobody is ready to take a chance. People take Marriage with little bit of reservation. Exceptions are those who have witnessed a blissful married life of their parents and near relatives. But they are also many times, got upset by observing the disturbing incidents happening in their surroundings. What if I don't get the right match? The question is single and still unanswered. People find it best to press the button of 'EXIT'. No Marriage, No issue.

    If we talk about rural background or the countries with more gender contrast, things are just opposite. Women are still treated as an object, as a trophy or sometimes as a means to repay the obligations. They have no say in the social system. Nobody asks them whether they want to marry or not. They are just herded as cattle as per the will of their parents and society. Marriage is still an effective tool to strengthen the family ties and business collaborations as it used to be in medieval times. But if we consider the content or spirit of the ideal for which the marriage was institutionalized, it is obsolete as it is not serving the very purpose for which it was formulated.

    In view of the two cases discussed above in two different backgrounds, we can conclude that the institution of marriage has lost its real meaning. Issue of marriage has become a Pandora box. Everyone is hesitant, confused and doubtful about the outcomes.

    Product Assessment - Essays

    Product Assessment Product Assessment

    Product Assessment:
    Is Bookstores History?
    Eric Webb
    Professor Donna Manley
    MKT 100
    October 28, 2012

    Is Bookstores History?
    Well everyone knows what a book is and how much information you can get from a book but, are bookstores becoming a thing of the past as technology advances and we have e-readers and online stores like Amazon who sell book at bargain prices (Bosker, 2010). E-readers are now replacing bookstores so you no longer have to travel to a bookstore to wait for your books. E-reader might cost a hefty penny at first but it saves space and you can have multiply books at once without worrying about having a bookstore in your house. So the question is are bookstores becoming obsolete and if so what countries would benefits from having bookstores instead of e-readers.
    The current target market and demographics for bookstores would be readers of all ages and sex as they use bookstore to purchase all types of books; for their personal enjoyment or research. Bookstores are declining in popularity because technology is making it possible for consumers to read book on their e-readers and laptop computers. While technology is taking over this generation people are becoming more concise of the environment and being green. When readers are into green products they realize e-readers are more useful then book and going to a book store. Also when you have places like Starbucks and Panera Bread that give you that bookstore feel you no longer are in need of a bookstore.
    Readers are able to purchases books online, which save them, time and money and not having to worry how many copies the bookstore is carrying. With bookstores declining in popularity they are closing left and right as people are realizing there is no need for a bookstore. Many readers in the United States are living a component lifestyle which people are choosing different products and services like e-readers for their everyday life over bookstores because they know they have a constant.

    Are Books Becoming Obsolete? Dollars BBS

    1 Name: Who's_Pete. 2013-02-27 22:33 ID:kh7evhes [Del ]

    Today in class, we were discussing how technology is becoming more common place in schools, especially the pros and cons about it. Having technology in clas could come in handy, but it's a distraction for some.
    Something that came up were books, especially textbooks, being downloaded onto iphones and such are more handy than actual textbooks. In a few years, will books become a crutch? What do you guys think?

    2 Name: Ritsucka. 2013-02-28 03:44 ID:GwiHbXbJ [Del ]

    I hope books don't become obsolete cause there's nothing that can replace some books like car manuals. I don't think the car dealership is going to say "Buy a nook, so you can download and read this manual for your car." So my opinion is that books aren't a crutch.

    3 Name: Hulavuta !ZMARBjvczs. 2013-02-28 08:24 ID:jlBcgeCb [Del ]

    Textbooks probably. Not so sure about stuff like novels and such. A lot of people, including me, prefer having real books as opposed to looking at yet another screen. The difference between this and textbooks is that textbooks are only used for class; I doubt anyone will use a textbook again once the course is over.

    Another thing is that literally, almost everyone (at least in countries that are fortunate to have them) reads books. That means that e-readers, such as the Kindle, will have to become veeeeeeeerrry much more commonplace. The kindle also faces all of the problems of most gadgets as well. Another article puts it as "short attention span for gadgets" which I can sort of agree with :P On the other hand, books are portable, they don't need to be charged, etc. Another important thing is that books are far less valuable (excluding textbooks) than an electronic, so it less of a hit to lose one.

    So, at the moment, I don't think books are becoming obsolete just yet. Perhaps in the future, only time will tell. Honestly, I hope they do not, because that would mean lots of bookstores would be damaged.

    4 Name: Misuto !M4ZBq07Cs. 2013-03-01 21:44 ID:1ppPrWRA [Del ]

    Though books may be available through electronic means, there is no denying that having the physical book is still preferred in terms of ease of use, barring things like search functions. You can bookmark it, pass it on to people easily, and if you aren't using the Kindle it's probably a lot more tolerable to use than scrolling through a PDF.

    I don't honestly see them going away any time soon, or even in the future, unless someone develops a mass-produced technology that somehow functions more smoothly than holding something physically. Like books being stored on their own separate tablet or something. It would save space and paper.

    But until then, no. Even if physical books are rendered obsolete in any sense, the value of written works is unchanged - I would say especially so since things are so available electronically now, that people can both read and write their own novels with ease.

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    English Composition 1: Writing Assignment 4: Argument

    Argument/Persuasive Essay Objective

    W hat is the future of books? Will books become obsolete in decades to come, like the 8-track tape, or is the world of computer text just a phase? Can the two mediums live together in harmony and coincide with each other? What will a bookless future hold for generations to come? The objective of this writing assignment to prepare an argumentative essay exploring these and any other related questions you discover.

    Alternatively, you do not have to choose this topic for your argumentation essay. Instead, you can choose to research and write about any academic issue that you find more interesting. However, the definition, research, and argumentation requirements stay the same.

    Every field of study is replete with questions that are controversial and difficult. For example,

    • What should be the role of government regulation in the market place? (law, economics, political science) After the world wide financial crash of 2008, arguably caused by bankers who exploited a deregulated industry, this question has become central in many areas of study.
    • Is human activity, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, the cause of global warming (or should we say "climate change?)" (physics, chemistry, meteorology – with implications for law and political science as well) With global temperatures measurably increasing over the last 100 years, with ice caps shrinking, glaciers melting, and sea levels rising, answers to this question have far reaching consequences. This question also points to another common feature we see in academic writing — the necessity for definition essays (incorporated right into the argument essay) that carefully define key terms and ideas so that the writer can build the argument on clearly, fully understood words and phrases. For example, is global warming the same as climate change ?
    • Are humans the only creatures to use language? (biology, zoology, linguistics, psychology) Dolphins and whales have elaborate 'songs,' clicks, whistles, and other sound through which they can communicate. Dogs and cats can communicate with body language and vocalizations of different kinds. Even moths can communicate by releasing a scent that tells the males that it is mating season. Are any of those language ?

    Notice how important definition becomes for every question we wish to study.

    A n argumentative essay has a two-fold objective: to explore the topic rigorously for both the writer and readers and to persuade readers. This two-fold aim is achieved in part by the dialectic nature of argumentation where the writer thoroughly presents all sides of the topic while clearly favoring his/her position on the issue.


    T he audience is your professor. Also imagine that you are writing to the people whose work you are citing in your own researched argumentation essay, people like Birkerts (whom you have read before) and Negroponte (whom you will read below) if you choose the default topic — the future of the book.


    R ead " The Future of Books " by Nicholas Negroponte and reread Birkerts if you wish.


    W e begin the process of writing our paper by reading, analyzing, and evaluating books and periodical literature relevant to our research topics. We then pick the best, most relevant, books, chapters of books, or periodical articles as the sources for the draft of our research papers. In general, we will not be using web resources at all in this assignment. Instead, we will be using book and periodical resources in the COD library .

    T he success of any argument depends on the quality of the support behind it; gathering support from all points of view on a topic is crucial. You will need to bring in at least four sources, which can be books. journals, magazines, and newspapers from the library's book collection or the library's databases. When you use material from sources, use proper documentation of sources and works cited format. It is also appropriate to use the Aristotelian appeals in constructing your argument.

    C luster your ideas about your topic into clearly defined parts (arguments, objections, and rebuttals). There are a variety of organizational methods through which you can present your argumentative essay. However, all argumentative papers must include

    1. a position statement,
    2. background information,
    3. two arguments (in favor of your position),
    4. two objection-and-rebuttal pairs, describing an objection to your position that you anticipate from the other side and presenting your rebuttal to that objection (remember a rebuttal must immediately follow the objection it addresses), and
    5. a firm conclusion.

    O f course, you may include additional arguments or objection-rebuttal pairs.

    Y our completed argumentative essay should be approximately 1000 words.


    A n eForum conference is available to help us share ideas and answer questions about our essays and related work:

    The network is the urban site before us, an invitation to design and construct the City of Bits (capital of the twenty-first century), just as, so long ago, a narrow peninsula beside the Maeander became the place for Miletos. But this new settlement will turn classical categories inside out and will reconstruct the discourse in which architects have engaged from classical times until now.

    This will be a city unrooted to any definite spot on the surface of the earth, shaped by connectivity and bandwidth constraints rather than by accessibility and land values, largely asynchronous in its operation, and inhabited by disembodied and fragmented subjects who exist as collections of aliases and agents. Its places will be constructed virtually by software instead of physically from stones and timbers, and they will be connected by logical linkages rather than by doors, passageways, and streets.

    How shall we shape it? Who shall be our Hippodamos?

    Welsh Language Becoming Obsolete - Research Paper by Jmditmer

    Welsh Language Becoming Obsolete Essay

    Below is an essay on "Welsh Language Becoming Obsolete" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

    Phase 3 Individual Project
    Welsh language becoming obsolete

    Over the millennium there have been thousands of languages that have come and gone. Some to this day we cannot decipher, and have any record of some languages, and some were just forgot about, or just unknown. But this paper explores the Welsh language and is it becoming obsolete?
    What transpired in the group’s history to cause this linguistic circumstance?
    The history from the reading that I have done can be traced back to the 6th century as one of many dialects of the Celtic Languages. England just assimilated the Welsh lands in the 12th century. Then under King Henry VIII in the 16th century being there were two sets of law in the land until the king set forth ‘The Act of 1536’ stating ‘English was to be the only language of the courts of Wales, and those using the Welsh language were not to receive public office in the territories of the King of England.’ Then in came ‘The Act of 1543’ this filled in details not covered by the Act of 1536. None of these acts were written to abolish the Welsh language, but to make the current administration uniformed, and have only one law, English Law. (BBC, History) Because of these ‘Acts of Union’ within the next 200 years or around the late 18th century only the working or lower middle class of people spoke Welsh.

    Can a group maintain a strong identity without having a common language to bind them?
    It is in my opinion that any identity with in a group would be impossible to achieve without a language. This is the one thing that allows us to communicate to each other. We have many languages, spoken, sign, brail, and even pictures. But it is of this common languages that we can coexist and advance as the human race. Without it, we would just propel are culture back to Neanderthal levels.

    The Welsh language has taken many turns thru out its history. The latter part of the 20th century has seen a growth in the language.